Whole to Whole Compare/Contrast GO 3 Works of Literature Per Body Paragraph
Opener (Quotation, General observation about life that applies to your thesis)
Transition (explain what quotation means, or say more about generalization)
Application (Name the topic you are discussing, the titles and authors of the three works, and suggest why the
opener and transition connect with topic)
Three works of literature to be compared/contrasted + the main point
Body 1 (Work of literature 1)
In A Doll’s house, Nora is a pretty warm-hearted girl; she can bravely chase what she wants and has the courage to
fight against the patriarchy; however, to some degree, she is selfish and heartless.
Transition Word+ Work of Literature 1 Fact/Reason/Example/Quotation 1
For example, when Mrs. Linde wants a job, Nora says,” What do you mean? Oh, I understand… Torvald could find
you a job” (867).
Mrs. Linde does not say anything about the job, but Nora likes helping friends and volunteers to help her.
Even if they have not seen each other for several years, Nora is also willing to treat Mrs. Linde as her darling
It illustrates that Nora is a beautiful woman with kindness in her heart.
Appropriate Transition Word + Work of Literature 1 Fact/Reason/Example/Quotation 2
In addition, when Nora finally finds the truth, she complains, “You’re never understood me. I’ve been treated badly,
Torvald, first by Papa and then by you” (913), then she leaves the house.
Nora finds that she is just a toy for her father and her husband because they do not understand what she really
wants to get.
She is now aware of her sad status in her home and in society, so she chooses to leave the sad place and starts a
It tells that Nora dares to seek freedom, equality and true love in life, who is not afraid of the patriarchy.
Appropriate Transition Word + Work of Literature 1 Fact/Reason/Example/Quotation 3
However, according to Review of A Doll’s House, Clement Scott shows his abomination to Nora, he says, “This is the
ideal woman of the new creed; not a woman who is the fountain of love and forgiveness and charity… she has
herself to look after.”
In Clement’ perspective, he thinks that Nora is not a good mother and wife because she leaves her lovely children
and married life to achieve her own dream.
Although Nora is a woman of the new era, people will not admire her due to the aggregate conceit and selfsufficiency.
It shows that Nora just wants to look after herself, and she is out of love and selfless.
In general, although Nora makes many mistakes and has to give up some important stuff in her life, she is a good
girl; Nora is different from the following woman, but they also have some similarities.
Body 2 (Work of literature 2)
In A Rose for Emily, Emily is a sacrifice of feudal society, who always lives with loneliness and darkness; However,
there is only one thing to be proud of: she dares to make a change and fights against the patriarchy.
Appropriate Transition Word + Work of Literature 2 Fact/Reason/Example/Quotation 1
For example, after Miss Emily’s father dies, “She was sick for long time. When we saw her again, her hair was cut
short, making her look like a girl,” and “we began to see him (Homer Barron) and Miss Emily on Sunday afternoons
driving in the yellow-wheeled buggy and… the livery stable” (36).
Emily changes her hairstyle after his father’s death and she dares to ignore public opinion and falls in love with
There are some changes in Emily heart, so there are some changes shown on her appearance and action; she
determines to shake off the control of her father, and take her destiny in her own hands and start a new life.
It illustrates that Emily is brave and has courage to “fight” against the patriarchy.
Appropriate Transition Word + Work of Literature 2 Fact/Reason/Example/Quotation 2
However, when Miss Emily goes to a shop to get some poison, she” just stared at him (the druggist), her head tilted
back in order to look him eye for eye… wrapped it up” (37).
Emily threatens the pharmacist with her arrogant attitude and aggressive eyes, so the pharmacist has to give her
She does not care the residents’ feeling: although the druggist says, “the law requires you to tell… use it for” (37),
she does not want to explain anything to him.
It tells that Emily is always stand-offish and annoying; she always has emotional and moral conflicts with those
residents in town.
Appropriate Transition Word + Work of Literature 2 Fact/Reason/Example/Quotation 3
Furthermore, according to THE WIDOW OF WINDSOR AND THE SPINSTER OF JEFFERSON: A POSSIBLE
SOURCE FOR FAULKNER'S EMILY GRIERSON, the author Kriewald says, “Like Emily, Victoria reacted to the
death of her beloved by cutting herself off from the rest of the world.”
Emily is similar to Victoria because after she killed her beloved, “for almost six months she did not appear on the
Emily does not contact with anybody; she has a long-term isolation of society, which causes her have a distorted
It shows that Emily is lonely whatever in her heart or in the daily life.
In general, the ending of Emily is really sad, and she is not like Nora; Nora has friends, but Emily does not; Nora
escapes from that depressing place successfully, but Emily does not; however, they both have the braveness to
fight against the patriarchy, which is the most comforting thing.
Body 3 (Idea 3)
In My Last Duchess, there is a young girl living with a witless duke, although she has a pure heart and kindness, she
has no ability and braveness to escape from her miserable fate.
Appropriate Transition Word+ Work of Literature 3 Fact/Reason/Example/Quotation 1
For example, the speaker says, “Or blush, at least” (31) and “Oh sir, she smiled, no doubt” (43).
From a literal perspective, the duchess likes smiling, and she is always happy.
We can feel that the duchess is a passionate sweet and lively girl; she loves everything in life.
It illustrates that the duchess’s heart is pure, which is different from the duke’s.
Appropriate Transition Word + Work of Literature 3 Fact/Reason/Example/Quotation 2
In addition, according to Browning's Witless Duke, the duchess is “undiscriminating,” and “She smiled at everyone
and everything,” while in the poetry, the speaker says, "Sir, 'twas all one!" (25).
Mr. Jerman uses “undiscriminating” to describe the duchess, which implies that the duchess regards everything as
Through her response to all of people, it’s easy to find that the duchess will not flatter the wealthy or deplore the
It tells that the duchess is a kind woman, who treats everyone equally, no matter which class they belong to.
Appropriate Transition Word + Work of Literature 3 Fact/Reason/Example/Quotation 3
However, the speaker says, “Nay, we’ll go together down, sir. Notice Neptune, though, taming a sea-horse, thought
a rarity” (53-55).
“Neptune” refers to a Pose Poseidon statue; here, Browning uses a symbolic analogy: the duke treats the duchess as
if the Poseidon tames the sea horse.
When the duchess is alive, she is treated as an animal, but through the whole poem, there is nothing to show that
she wants or has the ability to resist his husband, the witless duke.
It emphasizes that the duchess in the poem is very weak and cowardly, and she does not have an awareness of
resisting the patriarchy; after different kinds of torture, she is finally killed by her own husband.
Like Nora, the duchess is kind: Nora likes helping friends while the duchess treats everyone equally; unlike Nora
and Emily, the duchess does not have the courage to fight against the patriarchy, so she chooses to endure her bad
Conclusion (#1 required somewhere in the conclusion; mix and match the others)
1. RESTATE (do not repeat) Thesis
2. Explain what writer, reader, or character(s) have learned
3. Invite your readers to join you in some sort of response to what has been learned.
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