Humanities
SOC100 University of Phoenix Technology and Social Change Paper

SOC100

Question Description

Write a 1,050- to 1,400-word essay.

Format your assignment according to appropriate course level APA guidelines.

Include the following in your paper:

  • Provide an introduction that defines both technology and social change, and discusses how they are related.
  • Discuss the impact of the personal computer, cellular phones, and the Internet on society.
  • Using the three major sociological perspectives, describe the equilibrium model, the digital divide, and cultural lag in relation to these technologies and social change.
  • Include how technology has influenced social epidemiology, health and the environment.
  • Explore a recent or emerging form of technology and discuss its potential benefits or consequences for society.
  • Provide a conclusion that summarizes key points.

Cite at least three academic, peer-reviewed sources and two popular magazines.

Final Answer

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Running head: TECHNOLOGY AND SOCIAL CHANGE

Technology and Social Change

Name

Institution Affiliation

1

Technology and Social Change

2
Introduction

For centuries the terms technology and social change have been discussed hand in hand.
Sociologists find it quite difficult to separate the two concepts for either one affects the other.
Technology refers to a collection of scientific methods, techniques, processes, and skills that are
used to accomplish further scientific objectives or to improve the quality of goods and services
(McCue, 2015). Social change, on the other hand, refers to an "alteration in the social order of
things in any society for example regarding institutional changes, social relations, nature, and
social behaviors.

By and large, sociologists and behaviorists have researched and discussed the two
concepts under the assumption that only technology influences society, not the other way round.
Most view the course of effect as unidirectional from the influence of simple tools on the cave
man hunter and gatherer to the impact of the wheel in the Agrarian Revolution to the impact of
factories in the Industrial Revolution. Most sociologists still discuss the relationship between
technology and social change from this perspective.

Towards the end of the 20th Century, however, some sociologists began to view both
society and technology as equal agents of change on one another. Robert Pool, for instance,
argued that technology is the product of complex interactions between its designer(s) and the
society in which it grows and that its success largely depends on the society's social constructs
(1997). In retrospect, it is impossible to argue against the fact that technology has influenced the
course of humanity over the years, but society equally influenced which technologies grew.

Technology and Social Change

3

The impact of the personal computer, cellular phones, and the internet on society

Today, it is hard to imagine life without a cell phone, an internet connection or even a
personal computer. Much of what we do and how we commun...

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New York University

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