3 page paper is for you to address three areas - specific characteristics of Psychoanalytic, Behaviorism, and Ecological Systems Theory; how each theory views lifespan development; and how each theory can be applied to the counseling field. These theories are important to your work as a helper because you might be using many of these theories to conceptualize the development of your future clients.
APA format please cite all references
Explanation & Answer
Running Head: THEORIES PAPER
Psychoanalytic, Behaviorism and Ecological Systems Theory
1. Ecological Systems Theory
This theory can also be referred to as the human ecology theory or development in context
theory. It was formulated by a psychologist named Urie Bronfenbrenner. It analyses five
environmental systems that influence an individual's development (Kail & Cavanaugh, 2010).
With this theory, we can understand why our behavior in the company of our family differs from
our practice while at work or school. The five systems are:
Microsystems-This refers to the peers and associations that directly affect a person’s
development, which is the immediate environment. This includes a person’s peers, home,
work or school environment.
Mesosystem-This refers to the relationship between the microsystems in a person’s life.
This means that the experiences we have with our family might in some way relate to the
experiences we have in school.
Exosystem-This involves links that might exist between numbers of settings. This means
that it is possible to have people and places that a person might not directly interact with
but in some way or anoth...
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