Medina was Muhammad's destination after his Hijrah
from Mecca, and became the capital of a rapidly increasing Muslim
Empire, first under Muhammad's leadership, and then under the first
three Rashidun caliphy, Abu ,Bakr,Umar and Uthman.
It served as the power base of Islam in its first century where the
early Muslim community developed. Medina is home to the three oldest
mosques, namely the Quba mosque al-Masjid an-Nabawi, and Masjid Al Qiblatain.