Explain how each offers a different view on the notion of free will

Question Description

Darwin, Marx, and Freud have all been considered deterministic thinkers. In other words, they argue that humans have little or no control over their lives, for individuals' choices are predetermined by nature, class divisions, or unconscious drives and desires. Explain how each offers a different view on the notion of free will, supporting your argument with evidence from the authors' writings.

-mla format

Textbook used:

A World of Ideas: Essential Readings for College Writers

by Lee A. Jacobus

- Provide textual evidence.

Final Answer

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Free Will
Karl Marx, Charles Darwin, and Sigmund Freud are sages who subscribe to the
deterministic thinking school of thought whose major premise is that people have little or no
control of the events in their lives and are therefore not responsible for their choices or actions.
Rather, an individual’s choices and actions are determined by nature, class distinctions, and
subconscious compulsions and yearnings. While they subscribe to a similar school of thought,
they hold different views on different topics. On free will, the power and ability to act on one’s
volition, for instance, each of the three theorists holds a different view and understanding. This
essay discusses their perspective to free will, with emphasis on their different approaches to the
Karl Marx
Karl Marx, in the Communist Manifesto, was against capitalism based on its exploitation
of labor by the wealthy. According to Lee Jacobus’s ‘A World of Ideas: essential readings for
college writers’, Marx considered the system as one which provided an opportunity for the
wealthy and powerful to take advantage of...

masterjoe (17116)
Rice University

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