1. (a) statutory law refers to written laws that is usually enacted by a legislative body. These
kinds of laws vary from legislative or administrative laws that are often passed by executive
agencies as well as the common law or the law that is created by prior court decisions.
(b) Common law. This is the law that is often known a judicial precedent or judge-made law or
in other words case law and is derived from court decisions as well as similar tribunals.
(c) Civil law is also referred to as Roman law and is basically a legal system that originates from
Europe that is intellectualized within the Roman law framework and for whom the most
prevalent is its core principles are codified in to referable system that serves as the primary
source of law.
(d) Grand Juries refers to the legal body that is empowered to conduct the official proceedings as
well as investigating the potential criminal conduct and also determine if criminal charges should
be brought. Grand juries may compel the production of documents as well as compel sworn
testimonies of witnesses to appear before it.
(d) Trial courts of General Jurisdiction refers to courts that are tasked with hearing any civil or
criminal case that is not exclusively within the jurisdiction of other courts.
(e) Excise Tax refers to the taxes that are paid when purchases are made on a specific good such
(f) Progressive tax refers to the tax in which the rates increase as the taxable amount increases.
Progressive as a term generally refers to the way the tax rate progresses from low to high with
the result that a tax payer’s average tax rate is less than the person’s marginal tax rate.
(g) Regressive Tax refers to a tax that is imposed in such a manner that the tax rate decreases as
the amount subject to taxation increases.
2. According to the Supreme Court intervention in the landmark case in 1962, the decision was
that such inequalities in state appointment laws denied voters equal protection of the laws
guaranteed by the fourteenth amendment.
3. Before a bill is adapted to law, is undergoes several stages which include legislator citizen or a
group suggesting legislation. The second stage is senate where the senator decides to introduce
the bill; the bill is then filled with secretary then proceeds to the first reading. The bill then
undergoes committee hearings then to calendar and policy screening. The bill then returns to the
senate then proceeds to the third reading where it’s read, debated and may be amended before
proceeding to the second reading where its read and may also be amended them is moved to the
committee hearing . The bill is then received at the House of Representatives then back to the
senate for its decisions, to senate engrossing, then to senate enrolling and to the governor who
signs and moves it to the secretary of state and the bill becomes effective on the 60th day.
4. Members expectations from their leaders are that they should assist them in achieving their
personal political goal. Many of the legislators possess a desire for re-election as well as power
and policy influence within the legislature. Voters should elect wise and virtuous representatives
to govern for them to use their own judgment in deciding issues regardless of popular demands.
5. Article 1v, of the state constitution gives the governor an authority to return a bill with the
objections passed by both houses of the legislature. The governor is granted the authority to
convene the legislature or the senate only on extraordinary occasions. At extraordinary sessions
convened pursuant to the provisions of this section no subject shall be acted upon, except such as
the governor may recommend for consideration. This gives governors the ability to force the
legislature to me...