philosophy discussion questions

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timer Asked: Dec 11th, 2017
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1. "Fallacies and Errors in Sound Reasoning” Please respond to the following:

  • There are several types of fallacies used in advertising. Please provide two (2) different examples that illustrate the use of the equivocation, false authority, ad hominem, appeal to ignorance, or bandwagon fallacies. You may only use one type of fallacy per example.
  • Describe the fallacy used in each selected advertisement.
  • Why do you think the advertisers used that fallacy in the ad?
  • Was the fallacy used effectively? Explain your thinking.
  • If you were an advertiser, what would you have done differently to better use the fallacy?

2. "Identifying Misleading Information in an Argument" Please respond to the following:

3. "Identifying Truth or Fiction" Please respond to the following:

  • The video clip ‘The Baloney Detection Kit’ in the Webtext this week discusses the ways an effective critical thinker assesses claims made by others.
  • Examine some key reasons why people might seem attracted to pseudoscience-type claims.
  • Describe at least two (2) such claims that you have heard people make, and analyze the main reasons why such claims do or do not meet rigorous scientific methodology standards.
  • Determine at least two (2) ways in which the material discussed this week has changed your own thinking.

4. "Problem Solving Interview Question" Please respond to the following:

  • Imagine you are interviewing for a job you really want.
  • The interviewer asks you the following question: “Explain a specific example in which you used critical thinking/problem solving strategies to solve a problem in the real world.”
  • What is your answer to the question?
  • Choose one classmate’s own response to the interviewer’s question. If you are a job coach, what suggestions would you make to maximize his or her answer to the interview question?

5. "The Relationship Between Language and Thinking" Please respond to the following:

  • Examine whether or not it is possible to think without using language.
  • Argue for or against the ways a person might enact “languageless” thinking.
  • If you believe it is not possible, describe the major problems with languageless thinking.

6. "Ethics and Trust in Critical Thinking Decisions" Please respond to the following:

  • Imagine you are seeking information on a new car that you are thinking of buying. Determine the level of trust that you would place in information provided by the following: a salesman at the car lot, the dealer’s Website, social media (i.e. Facebook), an associate from work, and finally a close friend. Discuss the key factors involved in assessing the amount of trust that you put into each.
  • If you were in a position to persuade another person, explain whether or not you would slant information in such a way as to make your point seem more credible if you sincerely believed that your position was correct. Discuss the primary ethical dilemmas that this scenario could cause for both you and the person whom you are trying to persuade.

Tutor Answer

Vndungu11
School: Carnegie Mellon University

Answer posted please confirm.Kinkdly go through the work and let me know in case of any question,problem or clarificationPlease contact me incase of any slight problem whether grammar of if a certain requirement has not been met.If the answer is okay,looking forward to work with you again.Thank you

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Running Head: PHILOSOPHICAL DISCUSSION

Philosophical discussion
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2

PHILOSOPHICAL DISCUSSION

Philosophical discussion
Question 1
1. "Fallacies and Errors in Sound Reasoning” Please respond to the following:
There are several types of fallacies used in advertising. Please provide two (2) different
examples that illustrate the use of the equivocation, false authority, ad hominem, appeal to
ignorance, or bandwagon fallacies. You may only use one type of fallacy per example.
Equivocation
In the advertisement, business organization applies ambiguous words to cover up the real
meaning of a product or service. Religion supports irrationality since the lesson from Christianity
is to have faith while praying that good thing will happen even without existing evidence. The
fallacy that exists in the advertisement is that Religion supports irrational thinking. Hot dogs are
preferred than nothing. Nothing is preferred than Hamburgers. Consequently, the hot dog is
preferred than hamburgers. The advertisement initially means nothing is “no thing” as the initial
statements, but the real fact is all things taken from the second statement. The advertisers used
the fallacy in the advertisements to increase sales. The fallacy was used effectively since the real
meaning was hidden for the consumers to make assumptions from personal judgments. As an
advertiser to improve equivocation righteous thoughts should be applied.
False authority
False authority is arguing to emphasize a position of thought as the correct judgment in
advertisement since an individual or groups are famous or in power. One direction band

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PHILOSOPHICAL DISCUSSION

promotes Pepsi as a product that supports the young living. To remain young does not require an
individual to drink Pepsi. The advertisers used the fallacy to target youth as a market segment.
Oprah an influential media personality suggests that eating past six in the evening is unhealthy.
The time an individual decides to eat does not affect the healthy living. The advertiser used the
fallacy to promote product consumption in fast food joints that are open during normal working
hours. The fallacy was used effectively by individuals of authority have a positive reputation for
making a positive impact. As an advertiser to improve a false authority is to segment a market
with a desired influential personality rather than any brand to influence perception.
Ad hominem
Ad hominem is a strategy in advertising where an individual where an attack is based on
personality rather than content to change customer perspective in the market. President Trump is
not what America needs but the problem of what ails America. ...

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