Six Categories of Human Rights

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IRPS 220: FALL 2017 FINAL EXAM General Directions: The final exam has two parts: a take-home short answer and in-class short answer. Part I, the takehome portion, is derived from the first two short answer assignments and the UNSC simulation. Part II, the in-class portion, focuses on the last set of human rights issues in the course: genocide, torture, women’s rights and children’s rights. The purpose of both parts of the exam is for you to demonstrate your knowledge of course content through the required readings, class discussions and other required course material. 150 points Due Dates/Times: Part I Take-Home: Part II In-Class: Tues., Dec. 12th by midnight; submit in Canvas Thur., Dec. 14TH Please contact me no later than Monday, Dec. 11th if you are entitled to accommodations and wish to take Part II of the exam in the Testing Center. Remember that I am one of your resources for the exam. Therefore, if you have any questions please contact me as soon as possible to discuss your concerns. Part I - Take-Home Short Answer Questions: Please follow the directions for each section below and respond to the questions accordingly. The purpose is for you to demonstrate your knowledge of course content through the required readings, class discussions and other course material. Therefore, no sources other than required course material may be used. Section A: Six Categories of Human Rights Please answer TWO of the following questions. Each response should be 1-2 well-developed paragraphs written in your own words and explicitly integrating required course material. (60 points - 30 points each) 1. Focus – Civil/Political & Economic, Social & Cultural Rights. First, succinctly describe Eide’s argument about economic/social/cultural and civil/political rights paying attention to key details of the argument. Second, using specific articles from the UNCESCR and UNCCPR, explain why you agree or disagree with his argument. 2. Focus – Individual & Collective Rights First, succinctly describe Lam’s argument about the collective rights of selfdetermination and territoriality paying attention to key details of the argument. Second, using specific examples from “The Masterpiece Society” or “Justice” video, explain why you agree or disagree with her argument. 3. Focus – Universal and Relative Rights First, succinctly describe Weston’s concept of a “methodology of respect” paying attention to key details of the argument. (Weston, “The Universality of Human Rights in a Multicultural World”). Second, apply this argument to one of the following human rights issues: FGC, capital punishment, child labor. Section B: Human Rights: Climate Change; Stability in Central Africa Please respond to the prompt below with 2-3 well-developed paragraphs. (40 points) Two issues were discussed in the UNSC simulation in class: climate change and the situation in Central Africa. Discuss the human rights dynamics of each issue with explicit reference to the six categories of human rights that are the framework for this course. That is, in what ways are human rights currently effected by each issue and how might they be effected in the future? Be sure to incorporate specific details of each issue to support your comments. PART II: IN-CLASS SHORT ANSWER QUESTIONS In class you will be expected to respond to the prompt below with 3-4 well-developed paragraphs. You may bring a hard copy of a bulleted list of notes or an outline. You also may bring hard copy of any relevant human rights documents. You may not bring the completed response and merely copy it. (50 points) You are being interviewed for a summer internship with the UN High Commission for Human Rights. The panel has asked you the following question regarding your knowledge about global human rights: Which two of the following global human rights issues – genocide, torture, women’s rights, or children’s rights – would you argue are the most significant for the future direction/work of the UN High Commission for Human Rights, and why? Please include in your response specific aspects or details of the selected issue areas. As a follow-up, what specific proposals and/or solutions would you suggest to address the issues that you have identified? Please keep in mind that you want to impress the panel with your knowledge of relevant international agreements (covenants, conventions, etc.) and current conditions/situations vis-à-vis each issue. Therefore, the appropriate international human rights agreements should be used in a detailed and explicit manner.

Tutor Answer

Mercy K
School: UC Berkeley

Attached.

Part I - Take-Home Short Answer Questions:
Section A: Six Categories of Human Rights
1. Focus – Civil/Political & Economic, Social & Cultural Rights.
According to Eide’s argument, economic, social and cultural rights constitute three
interrelated components of a more comprehensive package. These components relate
to the civil and political rights. The core to social rights is the right to adequate standard
of living. This right requires everyone, at a minimum, to enjoy the subsistence rights
such as adequate food and nutrition rights, clothing and the necessary conditions of
care. On the other hand, economic rights include the rights to property, the right to
work, and the right to social security. The cultural rights are complex. They entail the
right to take part in cultural life, the rights to enjoy the benefits of scientific progress
and its applications, the right to benefit from the protection of the moral and material
interests from any scientific enquiry and freedom indispensable for scientific research
and creative activity. In this regard, the State parties take proper steps in ensuring the
realization of these rights acknowledging the essence of international cooperation based
on free consent.
However, according to UNCESCR, these rights require high levels of investment.
Besides, civil as well as political rights require the State to...

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