Answer outline to Philosophy final
Questions in one sentence
Question in 3-5 sentences
Introduction to Philosophy
One sentence Questions
1. According to “Preface” of Beyond Good and Evil, why, in Nietzsche’s estimation, did
Plato stand “truth on her head and deny perspective?”
Plato as a pure and free spirit he knew of the truth in his head but other views such as
those of Socrates clouded his clear view of world around him making Plato to deny the
obvious facts in life.
2. What does Sartre mean by the phrase, “existence precedes essence?”
The phrase means that we as humans have freedom which is existence and the way we
act in our lives should not be controlled by any authority such as God, government or any
corporation in the society.
3. Why is “woman” not her body according to Beauvoir?
According to Beauvoir from an existential perspective one is not born to be a woman in
this case but being a woman is a matter of choice built by an individual from their
resources and those given to them by the society a factor that influences their attitude
towards their body and body functions over time.
4. Why is “woman” not an essence?
Being a woman is not a form that one is born in but rather one becomes a woman out of
choice and being a woman is a matter of attitude that can be shaped by an individual both
physically and mentally.
Answering in 3-5 sentences
1. How does Nietzsche characterize master morality?
Master morality is characterized by a superiority complex of individuals who exercise
their will to power over others in the society by weighing actions as either good or bad.
The superiority has two faces one where good means easing the suffering of others and
evil means tending in order to inspire fear. For the “good” it means those individuals that
are strong and powerful, and for the “bad” it means those individuals that are timid and
weak. Master morality aims at inspiring fear, exploiting other and inflicting injury to