please find attachedone I have added more references to show that you have made further reading, so id you want itand other with no references as it is book.. Both are from the book , but just if they need you to add further referencesPlag report confirm orginality.
Europe. Describe some of the political, social, cultural and economic changes in Europe in
the era from 1000 to 1500 CE. Which changes do you think were most important for
shaping the European society we have seen in more modern times?
The social, political and cultural changes that occurred in Europe within the 1000 to 1500
CE enhanced the emergence of the modern European world. Before the 16th century, Europe
encountered rapid changes economy allowing for its economic expansion. Such a consideration
championed the development of modern age through a socio-cultural and political transformation
in the region. Besides, towards 1500 CE, Europe was realizing growth in population amid the
decline evident in the past years. In such a move, the increasing populace was critical for the
provision of labor resource in the expanding economies. The commercial activities within
Europe tightened in the region, which accounts for the vigorous spin of the wheels of commerce.
Furthermore, the geographical discoveries and positioning of Europe were suitable for the
integration of the new economic system. The newfangled lands provided new commodities that
were enriched and good for production of goods and services and trade across the continent. The
development of trade within the European countries allowed for the emergence of merchants,
bankers, and entrepreneurs who could accumulate and control large volumes of capital and
wealth from the trading activities. Such a move indicates the genesis of western capitalism in
Europe in the late 15th century. Capital played a significant role not only in economic prowess
but in enhancing international relations and political life within Europe. New values and
transformations in culture could be evident, like Renaissance that was spread across Europe and
changed people’s way of life, actions and perceptions about the world (Stearns, 2007).
Europe encountered aspects of capitalism within the period, which was crucial yet was
evident as unstable and unevenly distributed in the population. Such disparities in the population
enhanced the occurrence of financial crashes that destabilized the economies, like the Spanish
crown. As well, between the 11th and 15th century, the destitute and poor within the European
society became more visible due to their increased vulnerability despite the advancement of
capitalism to the west. Nevertheless, cultural conformity was emphasized by the newly
centralized states, where the Jews were rejected and most regions denied religious dissenters.
Culturally, fear of witchcraft seems to dominate the population in the face of the revival of
ancient learning methods and church reforms.
The Americas. How do you see the societies of North and South America developing in the
centuries before European contact? In what ways is their history similar Eurasian or
African history in this era? In what ways is their development remarkably different?
The description of the North and South America before the European contact is
characteristic of the pre-Columbian era. America seemed to be no different from the Eurasian
and African history based on social, cultural or political activities. The natives had fears of
navigating in the oceans to explore another part of the world due to fear of wild fish in the
waters. The indigenous population believed that the waters had more fish than they could hold
making it a potentially dangerous environment for exploration. Some of the fruits that are
common in the present-day US, like apples and peaches could not be established since they were
originated from Europe (Stearns, 2007). The potato was highly recognized among the South
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