I need 4 pages essay about Gilgamesh , chose one of these themes to write about , you have to read ( THE NORTON ANTHOLOGY WORLD LITERATURE ) to know about Gligamesh . and you have to follow the rules on the attachment that I posted after the themes.
Love and Friendship
When we first meet Gilgamesh, he is a tyrant king who terrifies the people of Uruk. Only after meeting Enkidu and becoming his friend does Gilgamesh transform into a hero worthy of memory. This transformative effect is also exacted on Enkidu, who Gilgamesh helps move beyond his fears. The platonic love the two have for each other helps Gilgamesh become a better leader to his people by allowing him to better understand and identify with them. When considered in tandem with the theme of death in the poem, love and friendship can be viewed not only as a part of life, but as a necessary component to give existence meaning.
The Hero's Journey or Quest
A common theme in mythology and ancient stories, Gilgamesh’s story is no exception. The hero must embark on a journey or quest in order to discover who he is. Initially, Enkidu travels from the wilderness with Shamhat to civilization to meet Gilgamesh. Gilgamesh begins his quest with Enkidu by traveling to the Cedar Forest to defeat Humbaba. After Enkidu’s death, Gilgamesh’s personal journey begins. He seeks out Utnapishtim to learn the secret of immortality. His journey concludes with his return to Uruk. In this case, Gilgamesh’s journey is a direct reflection of his internal struggle and “journey” to become a better, selfless leader.
The Wrath of the Gods
Gilgamesh expresses his jealousy towards the gods and the immortality they enjoy. He and Enkidu learn firsthand that incurring the wrath of the gods can have disastrous consequences. Rather than wise, omniscient beings, the gods in Gilgamesh are vengeful and easily angered. Gilgamesh and Enkidu first encounter this wrath after Gilgamesh rejects Ishtar’s advances. Ishtar immediately turns to her father, Anu, to send the Bull of Heaven to punish Gilgamesh. At first, Anu rejects Ishtar’s request but she threatens to raise the dead to devour the living. Anu is frightened by Ishtar’s threat and releases the Bull of Heaven to appease her. When Gilgamesh and Enkidu slay the Bull of Heaven, they further insult Ishtar by throwing the Bull’s hindquarters at her face. Enkidu later dreams that the gods have decided that he must die for these transgressions. After twelve days of suffering, he dies a painful death.
Utnapishtim also tells Gilgamesh the story of a great flood exacted on the people of Shurrupak. Ea informs Utnapishtim of the coming flood and instructs him to build a great boat and to stock that boat with all the creatures of the land. It is important to note that when Utnapishtim asks Ea about why the flood is coming and about whathe should tell the people of Shurrupak, Ea has no specific answer for him, stating only that Enlil is angry. This suggests that the wrath of the gods can also be incurred without any obvious insult or explanation.
Gateways and doors by their very nature symbolize separation, but also transition. Although a physical doorway is not present in the beginning, Enkidu must transition from the wilderness to civilization. In this sense, Shamhat herself represents a gateway. Enkidu then enters Uruk with Shamhat, passing through the city’s great walls. Enkidu and Gilgamesh later discuss Enkidu’s fear at the gate to the Cedar Forest. They cut down the tallest tree in the forest to make into a gate for Uruk. On his journey to find Utnapishtim, Gilgamesh must pass through the gate of Mashu, guarded by the Scorpion men. At each point when a gateway is encountered, a decision must be made by Gilgamesh or Enkidu as to whether they will continue or turn back. Utilized in this manner, gateways also serve as an effective literary device to force characters to make decisions that affect the overall narrative.
Baptism or Ritual Cleansing
Water is continually used by characters in Gilgamesh at key points in the story to wash themselves but also marks an important point of transition. In this way, water is used in a baptismal manner. Enkidu washes himself after meeting Shamhat, marking his transition from the wilderness to civilization. Gilgamesh and Enkidu wash themselves after slaying the Bull of Heaven. Gilgamesh bathes himself after acquiring the magic plant to achieve immortality. In each case, a ritual cleansing marks an important moment in the story. Enkidu is transformed, leaving behind the world of animals and nature and entering the world of humans. Gilgamesh loses the magic plant but transitions to accepting his mortality.
Gilgamesh is introduced to us as a tyrant king who does as he pleases and has little regard for his subjects. Aruru creates Enkidu to strike a balance against Gilgamesh’s tyrannical ways. His purpose in the story is to help Gilgamesh become the king he needs to be and to teach him about what is most valuable in life. Through this ordeal, Gilgamesh loses his best friend and must face reality. The recklessness with which he previously had lived his life is evidently unsustainable. Gilgamesh learns that just as he will not live forever, he will age, and with that age must come maturity and wisdom if he is to live a life worth living.
Those were the themes, so The Documented Essay Guidelines are:
Write an essay on a particular topic from the class study of the selection of your choice (HUMA) using documentation from four or more sources, including the novel, to support your thesis.
Before you begin, think about the following in respect to the novel:
4. point of view
7. figurative language
8. the structure of the novel
Then consider possible topics to be determined during the reading and study of the novel.
1. Read the novel or selection once, keeping in mind that you will need to do at least a second reading.
2. Visit the library to browse the shelves for literary criticism on your respective author. Relate some of the material to your reading and study of the novel.
3. Keep reading notes and/or make notes within the text of the novel.
4. Select a topic that you can handle successfully in a documented essay with a minimum of five (5) full body pages in 12-point font.
5. Revisit the library (and the sources of your first visit) to see what criticism is available on your topic. Take notes on index cards.
6. Narrow your topic to a specific focus. Write a specific thesis sentence to express that focus. Note that you can adjust your thesis sentence when you write the introductory paragraph.
7. Revisit the text to find specific passages that will give you the support statements and details for your paper.
8. Write a sentence outline for your documented essay.
9. Remember to compile a working bibliography from the sources you are using. Note that you may eliminate one or more of these sources when you compile the Works Cited page.
10. Write the introduction for your paper; the specific thesis sentence will end this paragraph.
11. Continue writing to develop your thesis, using information from the novel, your documented sources, and your own body of criticism and interpretation.
12. Complete writing the drafts as outlined on the “Due Dates” portion of the syllabus. Revise your draft, hopefully after your instructor has completed a preliminary evaluation.
13. Proofread your paper for the following:
• Tense sequence
• Sentence variety
14. Complete the Works Cited page. Be sure to adhere to MLA style.
15. Use assigned models to type the final copy and submit on time.
Any print or non-print work you submit will come from your own creative self and/or from sources to which you have given appropriate credit through Works Cited and parenthetical citations. You also understand that any plagiarism violates academic integrity and carries a penalty of F for the assignment and/or the course.