# Applied Cryptography

Anonymous
account_balance_wallet \$10

Question description

The final exam includes the topics discussed in class throughout the semester. This review sheet also provides the structure of the exam, and compiles a list of articles and concepts discussed in class that will be present on the final exam.

Part 2:

Analyze the newspaper articles provided, making sure to apply the appropriate concepts learned in class (ex: moral panic, secondary exploitation, framing, etc.). This is a short essay

ProfIan
School: University of Virginia

Hello, kindly, i request you to add me some time i finalize the work. Thank you.

Applied Cryptography
NAME OF STUDENT
INSTITUTION
PROFESSOR’S NAME
DATE

1

2

APPLIED CRYPTOGRAPHY
Applied Cryptography
1 Introduction
1.1 Integrity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2 Hash Functions
2.1 Properties . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2.2 Cryptographic Hash Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3 Pseudo-Random Number Generators
3.1 Security . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3.2 Internals . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4 Extractors
4.1 Example of an Extractor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4.2 Von Neumman Extractor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5 Intro to Symmetric Key Encryption
6.1 Drawbacks of OTP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
7 Stream Ciphers
7.1 Properties . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
7.2 RC4 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Schedule . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8 Block Ciphers
8.1 Common Block Ciphers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8.2 Modes of Operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
9 Security Definitions
9.1 One-Time Security . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
9.2 Semantic Security (CPA-Secure) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
10 Message Authentication Codes (MACs)
10.1 Building a MAC from a hash . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
10.2 Block Cipher-Based CBC-MAC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
11 Authenticated Encryption (AE)
11.1 MAC-then-Encrypt . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
11.2 Encrypt-then-MAC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
11.3 Other AE Modes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
12 Number Theory
12.1 Algebraic Structures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

APPLIED CRYPTOGRAPHY
12.2 Integers mod p . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
12.3 Exponentiation mod p . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
12.4 Subgroups . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
12.5 Integers mod p Continued . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
13 Di-e-Hellman Key Exchange
13.1 Decisional Di-e-Hellman (DDH) Assumption . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
13.2 Blinding in. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
13.3 Di-e Hellman Continued . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
14 Public Key Encryption (Asymmetric Key)
14.1 ElGamal Encryption . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
14.2 ElGamal Continued . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
14.3 Homomorphic (Malleability) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
14.4 Properties . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
14.5 Proof of CPA-Secure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
14.6 ElGamal non CCA-Security . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
15 Zero-Knowledge Proofs (ZKPs)
15.1 Shnoor Protocol . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
15.2 3-move (Sigma) Protocol . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
15.3 Fiat-Shamir Heuristic . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
16 Digital Signatures
16.1 Signature vs. MAC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
16.2 Construction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
16.3 Schnorr Signature . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
17 Building CCA-Secure
17.1 Naive Approach . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
17.2 STS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
18 RSA Setting
18.1 “Textbook:" RSA Encryption . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
18.2 Strength...

flag Report DMCA
Review

Anonymous
Thanks, good work

Brown University

1271 Tutors

California Institute of Technology

2131 Tutors

Carnegie Mellon University

982 Tutors

Columbia University

1256 Tutors

Dartmouth University

2113 Tutors

Emory University

2279 Tutors

Harvard University

599 Tutors

Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2319 Tutors

New York University

1645 Tutors

Notre Dam University

1911 Tutors

Oklahoma University

2122 Tutors

Pennsylvania State University

932 Tutors

Princeton University

1211 Tutors

Stanford University

983 Tutors

University of California

1282 Tutors

Oxford University

123 Tutors

Yale University

2325 Tutors