Crime causation theories 8

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Question description

For this Assignment, you will be examining the major theories of crime causation. Write a minimum of 5 pages supporting why crime occurs according to certain theories.

Select at least two theories from two separate units within the course (for example, one theory from the unit discussing the choice theories, and one theory from the unit discussing the trait theories. DO NOT select theories from the same unit of study, i.e., two theories from the choice theories). Be sure to:

  • Describe the basic elements of each theory, including what the theory considers to be the major factors that cause crime.
  • Compare and contrast the similarities and differences between these two theoretical perspectives.
  • Describe any improvements that are needed to enhance each theory. (For example, you might discuss the belief that certain research designs are needed in order to generate necessary information in criminological inquiry, the belief that new theories are needed altogether, the belief that components of certain theories should be integrated or combined to form a “new and improved” theory, or you may believe that new questions need to be asked regarding the causation of crime.)




Tutor Answer

School: University of Maryland


Running head: Crime causation theories

Crime Causation Theories



Crime causation theories 2

Crime Causation theories

In this paper, I will write about these two theories: rational choice theory and social learning
theory. I will, therefore, outline significant factors that affect each theory, basic elements and
how improvements can be enhanced in each the two theories. In the end, a comparison between
the two theories will be made where both similarities and differences will be looked at.

Social learning theory

This theory is a branch of behaviour theory. It is very relevant when it comes to criminology.
The main element in this theory that lacks in other theories is that it looks at the human
behaviour as if it is modelled through various observations of social interactions (Winters,
Globokar, & Roberson, 2014). This is done through either observing people who are close and
from intimate contact directly or observing indirectly through the media. Copied interactions are
always rewarded while punished ones are usually avoided. This means that individuals are not
born being violent criminals. They are just taught by various life experiences concerning how
they should act aggressively.

According to this theory, a certain factor that is involved in committing a crime may be
attributed to mental and physical traits. The theorist of this theory, however, believes that a
person with violent tendencies is usually activated by various environmental factors. Social
learning determines a given aggressive behaviour form, the situation in which the behaviour is

Crime causation theories 3

expressed, the frequency in which the behaviour is expressed and the specific selected target for
attack. Crime is viewed as a learned behaviour that is modelled after three significant sources;
environmental experiences, mass media and family interactions.

According to various studies, family interactions are usually made up of violence t...

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Thanks, good work

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