Running head: Crime causation theories
Crime Causation Theories
Crime causation theories 2
Crime Causation theories
In this paper, I will write about these two theories: rational choice theory and social learning
theory. I will, therefore, outline significant factors that affect each theory, basic elements and
how improvements can be enhanced in each the two theories. In the end, a comparison between
the two theories will be made where both similarities and differences will be looked at.
Social learning theory
This theory is a branch of behaviour theory. It is very relevant when it comes to criminology.
The main element in this theory that lacks in other theories is that it looks at the human
behaviour as if it is modelled through various observations of social interactions (Winters,
Globokar, & Roberson, 2014). This is done through either observing people who are close and
from intimate contact directly or observing indirectly through the media. Copied interactions are
always rewarded while punished ones are usually avoided. This means that individuals are not
born being violent criminals. They are just taught by various life experiences concerning how
they should act aggressively.
According to this theory, a certain factor that is involved in committing a crime may be
attributed to mental and physical traits. The theorist of this theory, however, believes that a
person with violent tendencies is usually activated by various environmental factors. Social
learning determines a given aggressive behaviour form, the situation in which the behaviour is
Crime causation theories 3
expressed, the frequency in which the behaviour is expressed and the specific selected target for
attack. Crime is viewed as a learned behaviour that is modelled after three significant sources;
environmental experiences, mass media and family interactions.
According to various studies, family interactions are usually made up of violence t...