Running head: EMOTIONS
Emotions can be defines as the mental and physical stimuli in humans that can be caused
by the degree of pleasure or displeasure that one is feeling or experiencing and varies in each
individual. These are things that we experience throughout our lifespans with different intensities
and they majorly affect our actions. The decisions we hence make, judgements and choices can
be said to be a result of how we react towards the different emotions that we have (Kassam,
Valdesolo & Lerner, 2014).
Emotional regulation is the process, that can be both internal and external, that is used to
control the states of emotion in order to regulate the emotional experiences one has. The
processes in different individuals can be used to lessen or strengthen emotions, this means they
can be regulated upwards or downwards. Emotional regulation is taught and learned throughout
lifespans and gradually evolves as one gets older. In infants there is a high reliance in their
caregivers to direct and aid in the regulation of emotion.
Developmental changes during childhood, however, affect the regulation of emotions in
the children as it shifts from a reliance to the caregiver to a regulation that is internal. The selfregulation continues to grow as the child goes into adulthood, this is not, however the only way
that they regulate emotions because throughout the lifespans of individuals, we have external
forces that act as regulators of emotions. The external forces can still be people or social
situations that regulate the...