For this task, you will design, conduct, and report on a science experiment in physics. The purpose of this task is for you to demonstrate your understanding of a physics topic using the scientific method, from research and design to reporting of results. Your experiment should demonstrate a basic physics principle and does not need to lead to a new scientific discovery.
Your submission must be your original work. No more than a combined total of 30% of the submission and no more than a 10% match to any one individual source can be directly quoted or closely paraphrased from sources, even if cited correctly. Work will be checked using Turnitin.
You must use the rubric to direct the creation of your submission because it provides detailed criteria that will be used to evaluate your work. Each requirement below may be evaluated by more than one rubric aspect. The rubric aspect titles may contain hyperlinks to relevant portions of the course. Note: The section headings below divide the requirements into sections of a lab report. You may choose to include these section headings in your submission.
Section 1: Introduction
A. Explain how two existing reference materials relate to a basic physics principle and lay the groundwork for your physics experiment.
Note: See the attached “Task 2 Instructions for Selecting a Topic” for guidelines on choosing an appropriate topic for this task.
B. Describe the following variables for your experiment:
1. the independent variable and how it will be manipulated
2. the dependent variable and how it will be quantified and recorded, including units of measure
3. three external variables and how they will be controlled
C. Write a specific and testable hypothesis for your experiment that relates to your chosen physics principle from part A.
Section 2: Materials and Methods
D. List the materials and equipment needed to conduct your experiment, including all necessary measurement equipment and their specifications (e.g., "a one-cup glass measuring cup" or "a Celsius thermometer").
E. Explain the steps of the process used to conduct your experiment. This explanation should be specific enough that someone else could replicate your experiment and should include how your quantitative (i.e., measurable) data were collected.
Section 3: Results
F. Describe the results of your experiment using all gathered data.
G. Create a visual representation (i.e., data table, graph, chart) for the data you gathered from each experimental manipulation. Be sure that you choose a method of visual representation that effectively communicates the main findings of your experiment (e.g., exact measurements, trends over time, differences across categories, proportions). Make sure your visual representation clearly represents data for each quantified variable, and be sure to label and align your data accurately. Remember also to choose a scale that fits the range of the data and represent your data points precisely and accurately.
Section 4: Conclusion
H. Conclude whether your hypothesis was confirmed, refuted, or partially confirmed and discuss how the observed results support these findings.
I. Explain how the results of your experiment connect to the basic physics principle you chose.
J. Acknowledge sources, using in-text citations and references, for content that is quoted, paraphrased, or summarized.