Transportation logistics

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Question description

Transporting wind turbines is an oversized challenge. Whether domestically manufactured or built overseas, the process to reach the final wind farm destination while meeting the Seven Rs of Logistics is an enormous undertaking.

Read this article and address the following questions in a 3-page APA formatted paper.

McCormick, C. (2013). Delivering the wind. Canadian Transportation & Logistics, 116(5), 22-24.
  • Identify 5-7 possible delays that could occur with the various modes of transportation (train, truck, and ocean vessel) for wind turbine units (WTGs) in transit.
    • Describe each possible delay clearly.
  • Explain how a delay in one mode/segment of the WTGs transportation sequence can negatively impact the productivity of a wind farm under construction?
    • What can managers do to alleviate this negative impact?
  • Consider the investment required to move WTGs. Imagine a change is implemented in product design to WTG blades that are now 10% longer.
    • How does this change impact the transport of the blade?
    • Be specific as to each mode/segment impacted and what additional investment may be required to adapt to the new design.

Delivering the Wind turbine transport is a complex suppiy chain operation.We foiiowed a group ot wind turbine units - or WTGs on tineir intricate journey by sea, raii and road, By Carroll M c C o r m i c k By Ship ^ weigh in at 317,515 kilograms [components weigh from 6,800 to 86,200 kg) and stand 122 metres high. The n June 9, 2011 the MV BBC Orinoco sidled up blades can exceed 49 metres in length. WTG components to a wharf at the Port of Thunder Bay with 14 are passed between trains, ships and trucks, each either wind turbine units [WTGs), including nacelles specially outfitted for the job or purpose-built from (the bungalow-sized generator that perches on top of the scratch. tower), hubs, spinners, 2.3-megawatt (MW) power units Voyages such as those BBC Chartering make from and 42 blades. The ship, operated by Germany-based Europe to Canada range from 3,500 to 4,400 nautical BBC Chartering, had picked up the load in Aarhus, miles and can take up to 16 days. Cargo securing and lift Denmark for Siemens Wind Power in late May, steamed plans have to be developed and a ship with on-board across the Atlantic, up Highway H2O and across Lake cranes is dispatched to the port. Loading can take up to Superior. four days and involves many specialists, e.g., cargo superTwo other ships, the Alaskaborg and the Adriaticborg, intendent, cargo surveyor, lashing crew and port steveoperated by Wagenborg Shipping North America, dores. The trips have to be timed so ships arrive during delivered 29 more WTGs to the Port of Thunder Bay the open season of the St. Lawrence Seaway. At the far that May and June. From there, Anderson Haulage, based end of these voyages, the timing of the arrival of expenin Gormley, Ont., trucked the lion's share of the sive cranes and specialists must be carefully scheduled. components - more than 250 loads - to a 99-MW wind BBC Chartering does 15-20 shipments a year in supfarm in Greenwich, northeast of Thunder Bay for owner port of the Canadian wind industry. They originate from Renewable Energy Systems Canada. The wind farm Northern Europe and the Ear East and are shipped to became operational later that year. Hamilton and Thunder Bay. BBC Chartering also makes Those deliveries contributed to 1,267 MW of new shuttle shipments from Canadian WTG component wind energy installed capacity in 2011, bringing Canada's manufacturers. total installed capacity to 5,403 MW. That's enough to After delivery to a port, components are stored in lay power 1.2 million homes, according to the Canada Wind down areas until they can be loaded onto trains, trucks or Energy Association (CanWEA). Canada's wind energy even another ship, as was the case for the Wolf Island, industry remains in a huge growth phase. CanWEA Ont., wind farm. Those WTGS - 86 in all - first travelled reports that by 2015, the country's total installed capacity in 11 shipments from Esbjerg, Denmark to the port of will top 15,000 MW. Ogdensburg, N.Y. Erom there, Hamilton-based McKeil Behind these astounding numbers operates an enor- Marine moved loaded trucks on a roll-on roll-off barge mous supply chain effort. A single modern WTG can 87 loads worth - to Wolf Island. O CT&L JUNE 2013 www.ctl.ca By Train -> CP's entry into the WTG market was in 2005, with an overland trip for 63 railcar loads of blades, hubs, towers and turbines for 12 WTGs. It began at the Port of Houston, with an interchange in St. Paul, Minn, to CP. CP pulled the shipment 4,506 km to the Rushlake Creek Wind Power project near Swift Current, Sask. By May 2012, CP had moved about 4,800 carloads of WTG components. One of CP's main clients is Denmark-based Vestas. Its North American operations include manufacturing facilities for blades, nacelles and towers in Colorado. Most Vestas shipments that CP handles are interchanged with BNSF Railway at Sweet Grass, Mont, or St. Paul, Minn. In Canada, Walker notes, "We work coUaboratively with CN. In Montreal, we interchange with CN for points east." Last year, for example, CP handed off WTG components to CN for transport to Amherst, N.S. CP also interchanges WTG components with the Quebec Gatineau Railway. It has a spur running directly to wind tower manufacturer Marmen in Trois-Rivieres, Que. In fact, its largest shipment was a 67-car unit train of tower tops and mid-sections and a 63-car train of bases between Marmen and Randolph, Minn, in 2010. CP has access to about 400 specialized cars. "Rail cars to load dimensional wind components must be customized. We have a Tim Heney, CEO of the Thunder Bay Port Authority, discusses the Greenwich shipments: "There are a lot of lay down areas involved. The components came in large quantities. Blades take up the most room and have to be kept in balanced sets of three. You can get in your own way in a hurry." WTGs also leave the Port of Thunder Bay by rail. In 2009, for example, CN moved 102 blades 3,220 kilometres to Dawson Creek, B.C. There, they were offloaded and trucked to the 34-MW Bear Mountain Wind Farm. CP moves wind energy components over 1,930 km to its largest rail transfer facility, located in Wilson, Alta. Otherwise, says CP's David Walker, director of project cargo, "In [an area where] CP does not have a dedicated rail transfer facility, we identify a temporary rail transfer siding as close to the wind project as possible and dedicate it to that project." The Wilson transload facility, owned by Transmark, is about 15 km southeast of Lethbridge and about 200 km east of Calgary. Transmark has 12,800 m of track space and 20 tracks on an 89-hectare property. Lethbridge-based Gilmar Crane Services keeps a 285-tonne crane crawler on site all the time. During a WTG transfer, more Gilmar cranes, trucks and a couple dozen men bend to the task. Timing and coordination are mantras in the WTG "Shipping WTG transport business, where trips of thousands of kilometers components by and sourcing of major components from several countries is common. "The timing of arrival of each component is raii requires very critical. Our logistics specialists work intimately incredibie focus with the customer and any other third-party providers at and attention the origin and destination locations to coordinate and execute to the optimal plan. Shipping WTG components todetaii." by rail requires incredible focus and attention to detail," - Dan Bingeman, assistant comments Dan Bingeman, assistant vice-president of vice-president of suppiy supply chain solutions at CN. chain soiutions at CN. With little room to spare on erection sites, components are stored and sorted at ports and transload faciliTower components travelling througti Glen Nevis, Ont. Photo credit: CP ties. "Trains have to arrive in a certain order. A lot of this has to do with how erections are being done," says Dallas Sherwood, 60-car unit train dedicated to handling sections for 80- and general manager. Transmark. 100-meter towers. Each specialized ñatear has modified saddles CP constantly updates its clients, some of which let CP handle that allows the unit train to carry 20 top, 20 mid and 20 base the next phase: road transport. Other clients handle the last leg sections," Walker explains. Ninety percent of CP's infrastructure of the trips themselves. "We give the customer a daily report of has been proven to clear up to 4.6-metre wide tower sections, where the train is so they can schedule the riggers and crane and handle blades up to 49 metres long. operators," Walker says. Between 2004 and mid-2012, CN moved more than 3,700 carloads of WTG components. Its biggest shipment was 60 car- By Road ^ loads of components from New Westminster to Chetwynd, B.C. in 2010. Its longest Canadian trip was a 3,166-km, six-day journey The last leg of every WTG journey is by road. It takes specialized equipment, special permits, special drivers, police escorts and from Thunder Bay to its Dawson Creek transload facility. CN has transloaded shipments that other rail carriers have extra horsepower to muscle the tremendous loads up to their picked up at US ports, including Beaumont, Texas; Stockton, hilltop homes. Route surveys determine which roads the loads can take. Calif.; and Vancouver, Wash. Its Canadian destinations range Height is not the issue; rather, it is length, particularly of those from British Columbia to Nova Scotia. Winter is no obstacle to rail shipments, but as blade lengths long blades. There is no consistency between provinces or states increase in newer models, so will the challenges to rail transport- on permits, according to Frank Devries, business development, ers. "To date, CN has not been presented with a WTG blade heavy haul and wind energy with Cambridge, Ont.-based Chaldesign our trains are not able to handle. We have heard [about lenger Motor Freight. "They each have their own little twist. plans] to manufacture blades as long as 60 metres. These long Most provinces and states deem [WTG components] super loads, blades will have greater swing outs on track curvatures and usually defined as over 100,000 lbs [454,360 kg] and 120 feet will certainly be more difficult to handle everywhere across our [36.6 m] long. You can't travel in inclement weather such as in network," Bingeman says. rain or snow. www.ctl.ca CT&L JUNE 2013 IIHIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIMIIIIIIMIIItllllllllllllillllllUlllllllllllllllllllllllfllllllllllllllllllllllHIIIIIIIIIIIII Trucking WTGs takes specialized equipment, special permits, special drivers, police escorts and extra horsepower to muscle the tremendous loads up to their hilltop homes. Bullying an Multi-axle flatbed carriers move the nacelles, which can top 86,200 kg. Purpose-built tri- and four-axle, double-framed tractors pull the tower sections, which are bookended with twopiece wheeled devices called Schnabels. One piece connects to the front of a section and the other to the rear to build a trailer. "A Schnabel allows you to carry the component lower to the ground, and carry larger-diameter loads. There is no need for a structure under the load," Devries explains. Long before the first loads arrives in Ganada, the last few kilometres of roads to the wind farm are upgraded or built from scratch. "On some sites, we will build the roads. We have to have wide corners and the grades can't be too steep. Typically, we will also make the access big enough for the large cranes," says Dean Seely, senior construction manager with Galgary, Alta.-based power generator and electricity wholesaler TransAlta. TransAlta built 21 kilometres of road for its 68-MW wind farm in New Richmond, Que. in 2011, in anticipation of receiving the WTGs the following year. TransAlta typically schedules the cranes, riggers, etc., months ahead of time. "Transport schedule problems depend sometimes on the amount of equipment being transported. If there is enough equipment that we can run unit trains, we get more control," Seely says. Trucking the components to the wind farms is becoming big business in Ganada. It requires about a dozen trailer loads to move one disassembled WTG: three or four tower sections, a nacelle. three blades, a hub/spinner and some mis8ó,000-kg nacelle cellaneous loads. 'The road journey to the up a hill. Dokie Ridge Project, northeast of Prince George, for Plutonic Power, added up to 420 truckloads and roughly 13,154,200 kg of cargo. Ghallenger Motor Fright did the move, which kept crew and equipment out of Ontario for 80 days. The home stretch of that marathon delivery was up a sometimes-greasy 4.5-kilometre road that gained 1,067 m of elevation, with an average grade of 18%. Some trucks were both pushed by a flatbed truck loaded with concrete blocks and pulled by a 550-hp articulating tractor. Devries foresees demand outpacing the supply of specialized carrier equipment. Some easy math suggests that, assuming a generous 2.3MW per WTG to be installed this year, 652 WTGs will be transported. At 12 loads per WTG, that is 7,827 truckloads. According to Quebec-based Groupe Robert, which entered the WTG transport market in 2009, it has ambitions that speak to even closer partnerships among the transportation modes. It will be interesting to see where this cooperation leads as the multimodal WTG transport industry continues to mature. CTSdL Features editor Julia Kuzeljevich has been writing about transportation issues for more than a decade. Her meticulously researched articles have garnered several transportation and Canadian Business Press writing awards. Check it out! The Annual Survey ofthe Canadian Supply Chain Professional - Canada's most comprehensive benchmark study of the supply chain professional ever conducted is now live! Your participation will ensure an accurate benchmark of salaries in the supply chain sector. To make your voice count, please visit our homepage at www.PurchasingB2B.ca and follow the link to the survey. Results of the survey will be featured in the October issues of PurchasingB2B, MM&D, and CT&L, and online. ÔSCMP CT&L JUNE 2013 Thank you in advance for your contribution! Transi: & Logistics www.ctl.ca Copyright of Canadian Transportation & Logistics is the property of Business Information Group and its content may not be copied or emailed to multiple sites or posted to a listserv without the copyright holder's express written permission. However, users may print, download, or email articles for individual use.

Tutor Answer

Emmywriter
School: UC Berkeley

Attached.

Running head: WIND TURBINE TRANSPORTATION

Wind Turbine Transportation
Student’s Name:
Instructor’s Name:
Institutional Affiliation:

1

WIND TURBINE TRANSPORTATION

2

Despite the efforts made for an alternative source of energy in many countries, the
transportation of Wind Turbine Units has prevalently been an oversized challenge to most states
as asserted by Hansen, (2004). The wind companies share an equal pain in this business. This is
because even to them, it requires enough or considerable time for the production. Also, the
companies face the challenge of producing over two hundred and fifty and above of the wind
turbines which is no small feat. Allot of expense has to be incurred for a smooth production. In
conjunction to this, there are numerous delays associated with the various modes of transporting
the wind turbines either by train, truck and the sea as discussed below.
The train: to begin with, the trains are relatively slow as compared with other means of
transport such as the road. The transportation may require a lot of time to transport the huge
turbines. Another delay may result as there would be the need to strategize some modifications
on the train and the rail network. This may happen as there is the need to consider the overall
size of the t...

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Anonymous
Wow this is really good.... didn't expect it. Sweet!!!!

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