Application of Theory Individual

timer Asked: Jan 5th, 2018
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Question description


Using the first public health issue that you discussed in W1 Assignment 3, select two individual health behavior theories and apply them to that issue. Identify at least two theories or frameworks that can be used to understand your public health issue. Examine the theories and apply them to the topic. In your paper:

  • Explain how each theory or framework applies to your topic.
  • Provide at least two literature based examples for each theory or framework.
  • Your paper must be a minimum of 1,000 words in length.

Tutor Answer

School: Carnegie Mellon University



Application of Theory
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Theory of Planned Behavior and HIV/AIDS

The Theory of Planned Behavior is intended to help program implementers come up with
interventions that adequately address a specific behavior. It is mainly meant for those designing
interventions that focus on health-enhancing behaviors from individuals that might not be
socially acceptable, for example, use of condoms, voluntary testing, self-check-ups, and
prescription adherence (Montano & Kasprzyk, 2015). As per this theory, when combined,
subjective norm, perceived behavioral control and attitudes towards the behavior lead to the
formation of an intention. Understanding these convictions and the results they produce can give
clues on the most effective way to impact change in behavior.

The HIV/AIDS pandemic is taking a heavy toll on the youth of today. Lessening the
danger of infection requires a comprehension of the factors involved in risky sexual practices to
accomplish change induced by intervention. This paper intends to assess how applicable the
Theory of Planned Behavior is in predicting the use of condoms among the youth of today. The
Theory of Planned Behavior model includes three factors: Subjective Norms, Perceived
Behavioral Control, and Attitudes (Montano & Kasprzyk, 2015).

Attitudes toward conduct are derived from convictions which surround the behavior and
the valences that surround those opinions (Montano & Kasprzyk, 2015). An example of
individual beliefs toward the use of condoms is delineated by whether or not individuals feel that
condoms lessen the sensation during intercourse. This attitude is negative. In a...

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