# Math teaching methods discussion

**Question description**

Given: "To teach mathematics effectively, teachers must know more than just mathematics. They need to know their students as learners and adjust their pedagogical strategies to meet the varying experiences of their students. Teachers must design their lessons to reveal students’ prior knowledge, to reveal students’ misunderstandings, and to guide students in the construction of more complex understandings of mathematics. Effective teachers structure challenging and supportive classroom learning environments that are conducive to helping children make sense of mathematics. Effective teachers also encourage students to think, question, solve problems, and discuss their ideas" (Reys, Lindquist, Lambdin, Smith, & Suydam, 2004, p. 7).

*Note: Parts 1–5 include 1: What Does "36 Divided by 5" Mean?, 2: You Can’t Drive 4 ½ Vans, 3: Drawing Out Thinking, 4: Thinking Out Loud: How did You Get Your Answer?, and 5: Sharing Different Strategies to Expand Understanding. *

Task:

*
*

A. Contact the specific school staff member, teacher, or administrator at the location of your school placement who supervises your pre-clinical experience (PCE); arrange to observe an elementary classroom teacher teach a multi-step math problem (during whole-group instruction) and provide students opportunities to solve problems that are structurally similar to the ones previously taught. (This observation may be done over a two-day period.) *If you have not yet received confirmation of your PCE placement, contact your mentor before proceeding with this task. *

B. After your observation, write a description (*suggested length of 1 page*) of the

observation that includes:

1. A description of the specific steps or problem-solving strategy the teacher used or uses when teaching students to solve a multi-step math problem.

2. A description of how the observed teacher structured student practice time

C. Contact the specific school staff member, teacher, or administrator at the location of your school placement who supervises your pre-clinical experience (PCE); arrange to teach a class of elementary students. This instruction may be done over a two-day period.

1. Using the attached lesson plan format, develop an original lesson plan that includes:

a. Teaching a multi-step math problem (a 30–40 minute lesson)

b. Providing the students with opportunities to solve problems that are structurally similar to the ones previously taught (a 20–30 minute practice session)

Note: Make sure you submit your description and lesson plan as part of this task.

KP Lesson Plan Format (0913).docx

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