Week 1 MLog

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timer Asked: Jan 7th, 2018
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Question description

For this assignment you will make 15 entries in the MLog total from this week’s reading MLog for Ch. 2, 8 and 9. The entries should come from the book The Concise St. Martin’s Guide to Writing, 7th Edition, by Rise B. Axelrod and Charles R. Cooper,. The whole purpose of the MLOG is explained below.You will be given a tool, called a Metacognitive Reading Log (MLog), to improve your critical reading and critical thinking. The writing process is the main way you will be establishing foundations in writing, through reading about things like mapping, outlining, paraphrasing, summarizing, and synthesizing. Critical thinking and it's counterpart, critical reading, are incredibly important skills for you to develop and grow for success in college and beyond, so it is important to take this aspect of the course seriously.


A Sample MLog is attached

Evidence/Text Information My Thoughts/Interpretation/Opinion 1) Social media being an innovative way to make and share arguments with people around the world who have access to phones, tablets, and computers in a matter of seconds. I find this quite fascinating and discouraging at the same time. Being a child from the 80’s and 90’s, we did not have social media, we had the news and newspapers. Social media (aka chatrooms) were becoming popular my Sr. year of high school. It was “cool” to be able to talk through the computer to someone in another state or country. This day in age it is completely normal. With the recent political issues, social media had been nothing but peaceful discussions to outright mudslinging arguments. I think it is great that people are more in touch with what is happening in the world and we are able to stay updated in real time, however, not everyone tells the truth about what is happening so there is a lot of bias and false reporting. It’s hard to tell fact from fiction without researching for yourself. 2) Theorists suggest that you can change people’s minds based on their emotions. The authors of the book disagree and believe you need “all the appeals of rhetoric”. I agree with the authors on their theory of persuasion in an argument. As a woman, I am prone to be more moved by emotion than the typical man who is more logical. However, after I have gone through the motions of dealing with the emotions I have felt, and I have time to calm down and think, I can then logically think about both sides of the argument and listen to, or research facts, based on those arguments. 3) Philosophy professor Gary Gutting shows an example of how two economists come to completely different conclusions to their arguments when given the same facts, but not having all of the facts possible. I find this key in all arguments, especially when the facts have been trickled down the line from one person to another. (Also known as the game of telephone). You absolutely cannot make a solid argument on any issue without knowing the full story or having all the facts because the one person that does have all the facts can now make your argument no longer credible. I feel our current media networks are no longer credible with political issues these days because they do not report all the facts and are extremely bias. 4) Comparing and contrasting the “invitational Why can’t everyone “argue” like this? This is argument” vs the “Rogerian argument”. more of a peaceful debate or discussion rather than an argument. If all arguments could explore ideas based on discovery & respect, and finding common ground & trust between those of us that disagree on issues, we could probably solve more issues with our healthcare, politics, education system, immigration, etc. Can’t we all just get along? 5) “SAT Reading scores hit a Four-Decade low after a decade of efforts to raise test scores under the NCLB law crafted by George Bush” The Washington post has some compelling evidence in their article which makes a good argument. They make a point on a somewhat controversial law for educators, about ‘new standards in education not working and having to amend the law’, which still isn’t working how it was planned. They also go onto to say that the law “failed to address other barriers in the students taking the test such as coming to school hungry, and no health care’. While I believe all of these are valid arguments, there are still a number of reasons why the law failed for only some states. (Those reasons would require a nice long essay to back my evidence.) My point being, I don’t think the law completely failed and should just be thrown out. I believe it needs more work and study and will continue to need to be adjusted as times and educational demands change. There is never just one technique to teach children. Children’s needs change, therefor so should the educators technique. 6) Senator Marco Rubio’s rebuttal to Senator Tom Harkin’s “fact finding” trip to Cuba. I found this part of the book interesting because it shows how to people can visit the same place and come back with two completely different viewpoints. Sen. Harking brought forth the argument that Cuba was this beautiful tropical paradise with great health care and education. It seems he was making it sound like a land of forgotten people due to a nonsense political disagreement. Sen. Rubio counteracts his argument with a lot of passion and emotion having family from Cuba. He had more facts and evidence about what life is really like in Cuba, and that you can’t make a short trip talking to only privileged people about what life is like there because they will have you seeing everything from rose colored glasses. If you want to know what life is like, you have to actually talk to the citizens. 7) Call it blindness by Georgia Kleege. Telling If you really want to grab someone’s attention, her class she is ‘legally blind’ as they come to you play with their emotions and have them their own assumptions of what that means. feel sympathetic toward your argument as Geogia Kleege did. This was quite the genius play on words in my opinion. She told her class she was legally blind and left it at that. She let them draw their own conclusion about wither she could see or not. After all, how is a blind person going to teach a class? It definitely wouldn’t be your standard way of teaching. This makes her students a little uncomfortable and then sympathetic. 8) Using humor in an argument to put your reader/listeners at ease making them more open to receiving your argument or point of view. Using humor can be a good thing or a bad thing depending on your audience. Sometimes it can make a good icebreaker and lead the conversation down a more causal path. This is good with friends, family or someone giving a lecture. This is not something I would lead with in a serious business deal or some job interviews, depending on what the job is you are interviewing for. I am a fan of using humor in political arguments since they typically become heated, or when you are about to discuss something that may be a little awkward for both parties to discuss. I agree with the books example of South Park and Modern Family (and even Family Guy) for using humor to tackle those topics that people generally want to avoid. 9) The argument based on character, also known as Ethos. An example of someone with good character that people trust and respect being Pope Francis. He chose to forgo the fancy clothes, fancy car and eloquent living quarters that come with being Pope for the simple way of living. This is a prime example of developing Ethos! Pope Francis has brought religious leaders and the people back together. With all the scandal that came with the Catholic church a few years ago, people shunned and turned away looking for other connections to God and their religion. When Pope Francis was selected, he became a Pope of the people showing sympathy & empathy. When asked about the status of gay priests in the church, he replies “who am I to judge”. This was just one of the key things he has said to show people that he is also human like the rest of us; he is not God, just a messenger of God. I am not a Catholic, but I have much respect for the Catholic church. The religion I am baptized into has a lot in common with the Catholic church, however our leaders recently put out a statement, when gay marriage was being legalized, that they will not recognize gay marriage or allow the baptism of children belonging to same sex couples. This broke some of the trust that I had in our church because I believe they are now punishing children for the life styles and choices of the parents which the child has no control. I don’t believe that was the word given by God, I believe it was the words of a leaders’ prejudice. Once that trust is broken, it makes you second guess everything you are told. 10) Establishing trustworthiness and credibility: “You can establish trustworthiness by connecting your own beliefs and principals that are well established and widely connected”. The authors give some good example from excerpts of speeches given by some celebrity type people. The one I connected with the most was by David Brooks in “The Art of Focus”. I’m sure this resonates with everyone this day in age. He talks about “losing the attention war” being distracted by technology and social media. While doing this assignment, I have been distracted numerous amounts of times by the TV, Facebook, checking my e-mail, etc. His admittance of distraction puts him on an ‘I am not perfect, only human’ level which draws his audience in and makes him credible. 11) Claiming authority: Comparing the position of President of the USA, which practically demands authority based strictly on position, with an activist in no such authorative position, but gains authority based on experience. This is a great comparison for an Ethos argument. Holding a particular management position does not mean you are automatically respected and gain the trust of your audience. You have to establish credibility and prove that you are worthy of holding that position. If you don’t, your audience might hear you, but they are not listening. Now, if you have an everyday Joe, he/she is not going to automatically gain the trust of everyone either, unless he/she has a valid argument that also connects with his/her peers. This will give him/her credibility to discuss a topic without of the ‘proper authority’ or scientific back up. He/she has a real life, facts based argument. It goes back to that upper management saying that just because it looks good on paper, doesn’t mean it works in real life. To claim authority, you need to have already gained trustworthiness and credibility. 12) Coming clean about motives: using the term ‘check your privilege’ to berate white male students for advantages they enjoy, is judging them according to race and gender, and not for the work they have actually done to get to an Ivy league school. In this section, Tal Fortgang tried to argue a point that you cannot assume all white males attending an Ivy league school are there because they come from a ‘privileged life and background’. He gives example of his family history and struggles to get by in life as immigrants to this county to gain sympathy from his audience. However, he lost his credibility when it was discovered that it was not his struggles, but the struggles of his grandparents and father who have worked for, and now live, an established ‘privileged life’. Though he initially had good motives, trying to gain the sympathy of his peers for himself made his argument invalid and his motives no longer credible. 13) Thinking Critically about Hard Evidence: Former President Barack Obama’s 2014 State of the Union address with a focus on improving the conditions of working woman. Comparing ‘inartistic’ and artistic’ proofs with fact checks by the typically objective Washington post. This is yet another Prime example of fact checking your argument before opening your mouth. Former President Obama’s speech touched on a topic that would have feminist saying it is solid gold, but critics saying that the information is wrong by reciting a “massively discredited factoid”. He was corrected about there being a wage gap between men and women, however it is a wage gap based on life style and choices made by women to stay home and raise their children and the types of careers they choose, not a wage gap based on prejudice, therefor it makes it a not so simple comparison. I believe his speech writers did not do their homework and deliver all the facts, but instead tried to argue based on people’s emotions. 14) Statistics: Lying with numbers, accurate or I would not consider any sort of statistics as not, to be interpreted by writers with an facts. As stated in the book, they are agenda. interpreted by writers to back up their own agenda. Therefor statistics are bias on what the writer wants the outcome to be. In my opinions these are not credible facts. 15) Surveys and Polls: Verifying the popularity or idea of a proposal because they are as close as you can get to express the will of the people. In my opinion, surveys and polls go hand in hand with statistics and cannot always validated or make an argument credible. The book uses an example of a survey/poll of women who drank alcohol while pregnant and then met with the woman again six years later to follow up on the behavioral development of the child. It showed that just one drink a day would later cause behavior problems. This finding is null and void because of the fact that 18% of the women who didn’t drink, and 45% of the women who did drink, reported cocaine use during their pregnancy! Hello! Cocaine is going to have more of an effect on the unborn child and the mother than one drink a day. To have a survey or poll be valid, you have to have candidates who live similar lifestyles. But again, these can also very. In my opinion, they just are not credible.

Tutor Answer

Robert F
School: New York University

Please let me know if there is anything needs to be changed or added. I will be also appreciated that you can let me know if there is any problem or you have not received the workGood luck in your study and if you need any further help in your assignments, please let me knowCan you please confirm if you have received the work? Once again, thanks for allowing me to help youRMESSAGE TO STUDYPOOLNO OUTLINE IS NEEDED

Evidence/Text Information
1)Over the years, organizations have
been treating information as corporate
property; by formulating policies
guiding and controlling its distribution
and uses. Treating sensitive
organization's information as the
valuable resource is a form of good
management. In the light of this, a
corporate culture based on wellfounded ethics and principles should
formulate; to provide guidelines and
standards for employees in their
interaction with and use of corporate
information.

My Thoughts/Interpretation/Opinion
In my opinion, this will protect the organization
from misuse of its computer and information
systems; as well as provide information integrity.
Policies refer to policies and procedures that
control information management together with
the ethical use of the computer as well as the
internet. Therefore, when employees use
computers at work, they will have to keep to
minimum computer e-policy. Companies
regardless of their kind must protect themselves
from employees' unethical behavior. Ethical
computer use encompasses specific terms of
policies or law which employees must abide by or
observe when using computers or the internet,
especially in a corporate environment.

2)Critical thinking and being careful
before acting or settling on a decision
to take a stand is a crucial thing for
every individual and organization too.
Success in ordinary life is not mainly
because of merely working hard but
working hard in the right direction,
executing the right decisions and
actions towards the activity at hand.

If there is anything that would kill my morale is
the continued failure of activities I pursue. For
once, it would be a waste of my resources
regarding time dedicated and other resources that
may be involved. In every event I am engaged, I
always tend to weigh options, evaluate
alternatives, know the risks involved, the
advantages I have in executing that activity over
the other options and the benefits expected I
dedicated my resources and valuable time. With
these careful assessments, I can determine the
best-suited projects within my capacity and
execute them efficiently. As much as we are eager
to start investing and other relationships in real
life, it would be of high importance to critically
think about and analyze the situations
surrounding the events to make informed...

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Review

Anonymous
Thanks, good work

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