Please make each answer 75-100 words and please put question above the answer
1. During the design of the Ford Pinto, engineers became concerned that the placement of the gas tank was unsafe and subject to puncturing and rupturing at low-impact speeds. Engineers recommended halting production until a solution was developed when crash tests confirmed the dangerous design flaw, but Ford's management overruled the engineers and pushed the Pinto into the manufacturing phase after determining that the proposed fix would have a higher overall cost than the risk of liability from lawsuits as a result of injuries to its customers. Grimshaw purchased a Pinto and was injured as a result of the design flaw and, after bringing suit, was awarded $3.5 million.
Was Ford liable for manufacturing the Pinto after having knowledge of this serious design flaw?
2. Java Road (Java) is a corporation that retails high-quality coffee products through coffee carts in conveniently placed locations such as malls and office complexes. Java owns 10 such carts and employs a workforce of 40 to maintain business operations. The owner, Miguel, founded the company 10 years ago with the idea that a high-quality coffee product could be sold at a profit because his overhead was limited to product, employee compensation, and the cart. Although he has always stressed honesty with his employees, he never developed a written code of ethics.
Suppose that an employee that works at one of the most profitable carts, Jacob, has one or two cups of free coffee a day. He justifies it based on the fact that the cart is so profitable, no one will notice.
Given the lack of a written code of ethics or conduct, is it OK for Jacob to drink a free cup of coffee from the cart?