Treaty of Versailles

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TREATY OF VERSAILLES
AUTHOR:
INSTITUTION:

PURPOSE OF THE TREATY
• The treaty was signed in the Hall of Mirrors at Versailles
in 1919 during the Paris Peace Conference to end World
War I.

• The purpose of the treaty was to ensure lasting peace
after the First World War. It provided the punishment for
Germany for starting the war and formation of the
League of Nations to deal with diplomatic issues.

BACKGROUND
• The war began in 1914 and had lasted for four years before the
German delegates signed a cease-fire with the Allied conquerors led
by France, Britain and United States of America.



An estimated 10 million soldiers and many civilians had lost their lives
at the time.



Delegates from all allied nations came to Paris to forge a lasting
peace for the aftermath of the war.



Germany and its associates were denied invitations but only required
to dispense their responses to the pact.



The top delegates were President Woodrow Wilson of US, Britain's
Prime Minister Lloyd George, France Prime Minister Georges
Clemenceau and Italy's Prime Minister Vittorio Orlando.

THE BIG FOUR AND THEIR TERMS



Georges Clemenceau of France wanted Germany to pay for the impact
of the war by being stripped of its army, land, and industries so that it
would be unable to start a war.



Lloyd George of Great Britain privately wanted fair and lasting peace
just like Wilson of America but had to support the nation's opinion which
was the punishment of Germany.



The Us President Woodrow Wilson wanted peace in Europe. He agreed
to punish Germany but in a way that would foster reconciliation not just
for revenge. He had a plan of Fourteen Points of achieving peace.



Orlando of Italy was left out of important decisions because he had
signed a treaty with Germany to join them in war but instead joined the
Allied nations against Germany.

TERMS OF THE TREATY

I. General Terms
• Create a League of Nations...


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