Running head: ANALYSIS OF THE TYPOLOGIES OF TERRORISM
TYPOLOGIES OF TERRORISM
Typologies of Terrorism
There has been a lot of debate that has been going on what entails terrorism, but one of the
accepted perspectives of the term is that it ‘is commonly understood as political violence outside
the norms of conflicts between states’ (O’Sullivan, 2014). Herein lies the major conflict on
defining terrorism because most scholars argue, and rightly so, that it is a tactic rather than a
defining trait of any organization. As such, the term of reference terrorist can only be accurately
and validly if an organization has the sole aim of terror. Various typologies have been identified
to put into perspective on what entails terrorism.
State terrorism has been explained as terror ‘committed by governments against perceived
enemies. State terrorism can be directed externally against adversaries in the international
domain or internally against domestic enemies’ (Rosenfeld, 2010). The major goal of the state
terrorism is to make the perceived enemies submit to the will of the state. State-sponsored
terrorism can be seen from two parameters. One, it refers to the governments that sponsor
terrorism activities against oth...
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