Grand Canyon University Mononucleosis Epidemiology Paper

Grand Canyon University

Question Description

Epidemiology Paper Mononucleosis Address the following: 1.Describe the communicable disease (causes, symptoms, mode of transmission, complications, treatment) and the demographic of interest (mortality, morbidity, incidence, and prevalence). Is this a reportable disease? If so, provide details about reporting time, whom to report to, etc. 2.Describe the determinants of health and explain how those factors contribute to the development of this disease. 3.Discuss the epidemiologic triangle as it relates to the communicable disease you have selected. Include the host factors, agent factors (presence or absence), and environmental factors. (The textbook describes each element of the epidemiologic triangle). Are there any special considerations or notifications for the community, schools, or general population? 4.Explain the role of the community health nurse (case finding, reporting, data collecting, data analysis, and follow-up). 5.Identify at least one national agency or organization that addresses the communicable disease chosen and describe how the organization(s) contributes to resolving or reducing the impact of disease. 6.Discuss a global implication of the disease. How is this addressed in other countries or cultures? Is this disease endemic to a particular area? Provide an example.

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Mononucleosis is an infectious disease that affects children and young adults. It was first
described in 1920 in Johns Hopkins Hospital with a major effect of severe fever (Dunmore,
Hogquist, & Balfour, 2015). Several developments have occurred in the research of its causes and
effects ever since then developing an extensive epidemiology paper.
Causes, Symptoms, Transmission, Complications and Treatment
Infectious Mononucleosis is caused by Epstein - Barr virus which is transmitted through
saliva by kissing, coughing and sneezing in adolescent and young adults. The main symptoms
include fatigue, sore throat, fever, swollen lymph nodes, swollen tonsils, headache, skin rash and
a swollen spleen. The diseases cause various complications that may adverse in extreme cases such
as enlargement of the spleen which in extreme cases may rupture causing sharp sudden pain.
According to Dunmore et al. (2015), Mononucleosis may also cause liver issues such as liver
inflammation (hepatitis) and yellowing of the skin and the eyes turns white (jaundice). In some
cases, though they are less common the disease may cause Anemia, heart problems. There are no
specific medications for this illness however secondary infections.
Morbidity, Prevalence, Incidences, and Reporting
Infectious mononucleosis is very common worldwide with 90% developing antibodies at the
age of 30.75% young adults (18-22) develop typical infectious mononucleosis while 15% have
atypical symptoms and 10%are completely asymptomatic. Prevalence of EBV is lower for preadolescent (20-80) % depending on age and geographic location (Dunmore et al., 2015). The early
acquisition may be influenced by race, ethnicity, and economic status. For instance, in America,
Hispanic blacks and Mexicans are more vulnerable than non-Hispanic whites as reported by
research between 2003 and 2010. Infectious ...

agneta (48422)
University of Maryland

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