Assignment 1: LASA 2: The Apportionment Problem - Math homework help

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Question Description

You are a census officer in a newly democratic nation and you have been charged with using the census data from the table below to determine how 100 congressional seats should be divided among the 10 states of the union.

State

Population

1

15475

2

35644

3

98756

4

88346

5

369

6

85663

7

43427

8

84311

9

54730

10

25467

Being a fan of United States history, you are familiar with the many methods of apportionment applied to this problem to achieve fair representation in the US House of Representatives. You decide that apportionment (chapter 11, sections 1-4 in your textbook) is the best approach to solving this problem, but need to compare several methods and then determine which is actually fair.

  1. Using the Hamilton method of apportionment, determine the number of seats each state should receive.
  2. Using the numbers you just calculated from applying the Hamilton method, determine the average constituency for each state. Explain your decision making process for allocating the remaining seats.
  3. Calculate the absolute and relative unfairness of this apportionment.
  4. Explain how changes in state boundaries or populations could affect the balance of representation in this congress. Provide an example using the results above.
  5. How and why could an Alabama Paradox occur?
  6. Explain how applying the Huntington-Hill apportionment method helps to avoid an Alabama Paradox.
  7. Based upon your experience in solving this problem, do you feel apportionment is the best way to achieve fair representation? Be sure to support your answer.
  8. Suggest another strategy that could be applied to achieve fair representation either using apportionment methods or a method of your choosing.

You may perform your own calculations or use either the Excel spreadsheet or the Excel 2013 Spreadsheet to assist you. You must show some calculations in your document to demonstrate that you know how to perform these tasks. Be sure to compile your work in a Word document.

Tutor Answer

whgrab
School: University of Maryland

check this and let me know if you need any help

Running head: THE APPORTIONMENT PROBLEM

1

Assignment 1: LASA 2: The Apportionment Problem
Instructor name
Student name
Date

THE APPORTIONMENT PROBLEM

Stat
e

Populat
ion

2

%
representatio
n

Standar
d quota

Lower
Quota

Fractio
n

Final
apportionmen
t

Average
constituen
cy

1

15475

0.02907807

2.91

2

0.91

3

5158.3

2

35644

0.066976332

6.70

6

0.7

6

5940.7

3

98756

0.185566003

18.56

18

0.56

18

5486.4

4

88346

0.166005246

16.60

16

0.6

17

5196.8

5

369

0.000693364

0.07

0

0.07

1

369.0

6

85663

0.160963795

16.10

16

0.1

16

5353.9

7

43427

0.081600863

8.16

8

0.16

8

5428.4

8

84311

0.158423339

15.84

15

0.84

16

5269.4

9

54730

0.102839598

10.28

10

0.28

10

5473.0

10

25467

0.04785339

4.79

4

0.79

5

5093.4

Tot
al

532188

95

1. The number of seats 10 states should receive are
State
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
Total

Final
apportionment
3
6
18
17
1
16
8
16
10
5
100

100

THE APPORTIONMENT PROBLEM

3

2. Average constituency is c...

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Anonymous
Return customer, been using sp for a good two years now.

Anonymous
Thanks as always for the good work!

Anonymous
Excellent job

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