1. What is the Old Testament, and how did the term originate?
2. Why did the Israelites begin their story with the Exodus?
3. How did the Septuagint affect the way various Christian groups view the biblical canon today?
4. What are the three major concerns of literary and historical studies of the biblical text?
5. What are some ways in which modern technology is making a contribution to archaeology?
Explanation & Answer
Running Head: OLD TESTAMENT
What is the Old Testament, and how did the term originate?
The beginning of the Christian era and the 12th century B.C contains members of the
Hebrew-Jewish community who composed and edited collected selected writings called the Old
Testament. The Old Testament, also known as the Masoretic texts includes the books of law, the
historical books, the poetic books, the Major Prophets and the Minor Prophets. The term Old
Testament originated from a combination of the three original divisions of the Hebrew Bible
which were Torah (law), Kethubhim (writings) and Nebhiim (Prophets). It comes from a
Christian Background that reflects the religious beliefs of the early Christian church.
Why did the Israelites begin their story with the Exodus?
The Israelites begin their story with the Exodus because that is when they are freed from
their bondage from the Egyptians by Moses. Moses was destined to lead them out of Egypt to
their salvation. Their story begins when Moses tells them that God will lead them out of Egypt,
but doubt was winning. The Exodus marked the new covenant that the Israelites made with
Yahweh as a renewed view in making Himself known to them again. The exodus was a
supernatural event that showed the Mightiness of God, thus earning His people’s trust once again
(A. Richardson, 1944).
How did the Septuagint affect the way various Christian groups view the biblical canon
The Septuagint affected the way various Christian group views the biblical canon today
because the translation of the Vulgate version by a 4th-century scholar Jerome later became the
Latin version of the Bible for many centuries. For that reason, the Eastern Orthodox and the
Roman Catholic Bibles include the Apocrypha in their canon. The inclusion of the books of the
Apocrypha Canonical in modern translations is important as it used for studies and further
improved the understanding of their development history.
What are the three major concerns of literary and historical studies of the biblical text?
The three major concerns of literary and historical studies of the biblical text fall under
Biblical criticism which falls und...