Exam #1 - History 100B*90
PART 1: Matching (15 points)
Write the letter for the term that corresponds with the correct definition below
1____ urban workers responded to this
pervasive 1765 Parliamentary tax with
violence and vandalism; politicians
responded with resolves about colonial
11____ the people who primarily settled in
2____ this term pertains to the kinship and
alliances that developed between American
Indians and the French in the Great Lakes
13____ this 1770 event was used as
propaganda by American colonists critical
of British policies
3____ the debt accrued from this conflict in
the middle of the 18th century helped lead to
the American Revolution
14____ an intellectual movement in the
Atlantic world build around the notion of
reason and scientific inquiry
4____ propaganda spread by the English and
other European nations to tarnish the
Spanish reputation in the Americas
15____ this event in England impacted the
colonies; one way was through the creation
of the English Bill of Rights
5____ legislation from Parliament designed
to punish the people of Boston for their
continued resistance to taxation
6____ a 1763 conflict in which America
Indians fought to keep the British from
claiming territory in the Great Lakes
7____ these events demonstrated the social
and economic tensions that could arise in
communities at the end of the 17th century
8____ a key document in moving American
colonists toward embracing independence
9____ British legislation designed to pay off
a war debt by taxing the things that
American colonists imported
10____ people who signed contracts
agreeing to work for someone else for a
defined period of time
12____ English laws dating back to the 17th
century designed to control colonial trade
King Philip’s War
Salem witch trials
Seven Years War
Proclamation of 1763
PART 2: Multiple Choice (25 points)
Circle the best answer for each of the following questions or statements.
16. Before contact with Europeans, people throughout the American continents lived in
each of the following EXCEPT for what?
a. Expansive walled cities
b. Small farming villages
c. Towns centered around large earthen mounds
d. Large tobacco plantations
17. What was Popé’s Rebellion (also referred to as the Pueblo Rebellion) in 1680?
a. an uprising against French colonization in the Americas
b. a revolt against Spanish colonial practices in New Mexico
c. an attack upon English settlers at Jamestown
d. a war in New England over land ownership
18. The most significant part of the "Great Biological Exchange" (the Columbian
Exchange) was the transfer of
a. horses to America.
b. crops like tobacco and potatoes to Europe.
c. infectious diseases to America.
d. smallpox to Europe and Africa.
19. European colonization after the 15th century was motivated primarily by
a. a desire to find wealth.
b. the need to escape religious persecution.
c. goals of spreading Christianity around the globe.
d. calls from monarchs to conquer Native peoples.
20. The 1618 “headright” policy in Virginia was
a. a series of laws that intended to establish slavery as the dominant labor
system in the colony.
b. a collection of court rulings declaring that husbands have power over wives.
c. a statement of religious tolerance.
d. a land distribution system designed to stimulate migration to the colony.
21. Bacon’s Rebellion in Virginia was NOT
a. an event that signaled the transition from indentured servitude to slavery.
b. a dispute that began over the governor’s Indian policy
c. fueled by greed for land and power.
d. a slave uprising against unfair treatment and laws.
22. Who comprised most of the early settlers to Virginia during the 17th century?
a. families looking to escape religious persecution
b. forced laborers from Africa
c. tobacco planters and merchants
d. predominantly young men who worked for a master under a contract
23. Most of the people who migrated to the Americas were
a. religious zealots like the Puritans and the Pilgrims.
b. Catholic missionaries looking to convert the Indians to Christianity.
c. middle class Europeans looking to escape religious persecution or political
d. unfree laborers such as indentured servants and African slaves.
24. What was the Great Awakening of the 1730s and 1740s in America?
a. a movement to question orthodox Christianity through the promotion of
b. a strengthening of traditional church hierarchies
c. a period that saw the formation of new religious groups that helped
undermine state-supported churches
d. a time of scientific Enlightenment
25. The “Middle Passage” refers to
a. the upward struggle of lower class workers to the upper class.
b. the route traveled by Francisco Coronado when he made his way through the
c. the route used by slave ships crossing the Atlantic Ocean.
d. the notion that the government can control trade in order to increase its
26. Regarding slavery, which of the following statements is NOT true?
a. Compared to the plantation regions, slavery was far less central to the
economies of the New England colonies.
b. Most Africans who crossed the Atlantic as slaves went first to the West Indies
or South America.
c. The Middle Colonies needed many slaves because large farms predominated.
d. Slavery had been present in New York since early Dutch settlement.
27. What 1675-76 conflict erupted primarily as a result of land tensions between
Wampanoag Indians and English colonists in New England?
a. Bacon’s Rebellion
b. The Pequot War
c. King Philip’s War
d. Glorious Revolution
28. Which of the following statements is NOT true about the British government after the
end of the Seven Years (the French and Indian) War?
a. It enjoyed a brief period of patriotism as colonists were excited about the
possibilities of expanding westward.
b. It faced problems administering the western lands which had formerly been
claimed by the French.
c. It enjoyed a budget surplus from trade with people living in the western
d. It fought a war against Native peoples living in the western territories,
compelling them to acknowledge that the lands belonged to Indians.
29. The colonial economy worked primarily by
a. exporting raw materials and importing finished products from Europe.
b. manufacturing materials in America and then shipping them to Europe.
c. importing raw materials from Africa and the West Indies to the Americas,
where they could be processed.
d. using local resources to promote domestic manufacturing within the colonies.
30. Historians assert that the witchcraft hysteria in New England during the 1690s was
probably caused by
a. the Great Awakening.
b. social strains in the Massachusetts colony.
c. dietary insufficiencies among young boys.
d. the horrors of the Middle Passage.
31. Which phrase below best defines mercantilism?
a. The way in which New England colonists convinced Indians to abandon their
b. The process by which a country gained wealth and power by exploiting
colonial resources, taxing exports, and regulating trade
c. The manner by which Virginia politicians convinced settlers to grow tobacco
by showing them how much money could be made in the European market
d. The way in which American Indians used resources at specific times of the
32. The Royal Proclamation of 1763
a. barred settlement by colonists west of the Appalachian Mountains and
organized the colony of Quebec.
b. prohibited colonies from issuing their own money and launched a series of
taxes upon colonists.
c. Prompted the formation of the Sons of Liberty, who organized protests
against the Proclamation.
d. Required colonists to supply British troops in America and authorized
military action against Native Americans.
33. What was one significant effect of the Glorious Revolution in America?
a. It reduced the influence of the Anglican Church in political affairs.
b. It ended the system of mercantilism.
c. It set a precedent for overthrowing a king.
d. It curtailed the power of the colonial assemblies.
34. What did the Navigation Acts do?
a. They established a series of taxes upon colonists in order to pay for the Seven
b. They defined which territories European nation-states could claim in the
c. They controlled shipping and trade between Britain and the colonies.
d. They prohibited British colonists from settling west of the Appalachian
35. A key motivation behind early English settlement in the American colonies was
a. acquisition of land, and thus a measure of personal independence.
b. escape from the material and spiritual corruptions of England.
c. the profits to be made in transatlantic commerce.
d. All of these
36. Which of the following was NOT true for the British colonies in North America in
a. Voters could elect all members of colonial government, including members of
the assembly and the governor.
b. Ownership of property was required for voting.
c. A higher percentage of the people could vote than in any other part of the
d. Black, Indians, and women generally could not vote.
37. What did it mean when colonists spoke of “no taxation without representation”?
a. That Parliament held ultimate political power, therefore the colonies should
have representatives there
b. That those who could not vote for representatives to the colonial assemblies
did not have to pay any taxes
c. That the entire idea of taxation was wrong and infringed upon their rights
d. That taxes had to come from the colonial assemblies, where voters had a say
in their government
38. What was the Requerimiento?
a. a city in South America that was attacked by Spanish conquistadors
b. a labor system by which Europeans forced Native Americans to provided
either work or tribute
c. a document read by Catholic priests that served to justify Spanish conquest of
American Indian communities
d. a trade policy that compelled colonists to export their products to Europe
39. Having fled religious intolerance in England, the Puritans in Massachusetts
a. were intolerant of persons who disagreed with their version of Christianity.
b. were tolerant of other Christian faiths and denominations.
c. were tolerant of other Protestants, but were intolerant of Quakers, Catholics,
Jews, and atheists.
d. created the first colonial statements promoting individual religious freedom.
40. What was the Walking Purchase?
a. The agreement reached in the aftermath of Bacon’s Rebellion by which
Virginia agreed to acquire lands for former indentured servants
b. An organization of land speculators, including George Washington’s older
brother, who sought to survey and sell lands west of Virginia
c. A 1730s event that illustrated how colonists would attempt to swindle land
from Native tribes
d. The description of the manner in which prospective slaveowners would
investigate captive peoples from Africa before buying them as laborers
PART 3: Map Exercise (10 points)
Write the letter for each location in the corresponding description below the map
____ where Pontiac’s War began
____ Spanish colony of Florida
____ colony of New France
____ within the British colonies of the
____ within the British colonies of the
____ within the British Middle Colonies
____ the Proclamation Line
____ territory claimed by the Ohio
Company of Virginia
____ within the British colonies of New
PART 4: Short Answer Questions (50 points)
In the space provided (and you can create more), answer the following questions.
Use at least three examples to explain your answer.
1. Is the history of colonial America best told as a story of cooperation and
partnership or as one of violence?
2. Would you argue that, over time, colonial Americans became more tolerant of
other peoples? Why or why not?
3. Was colonial America before the Revolution a place that offered freedom? Or did
it mainly deny freedom to people?
4. Colonists often asserted that they possessed rights. Discuss three examples of
colonists demanding that a government respect their rights.
5. Was colonial America a place of religious tolerance? Why or why not?
6. Pick three colonial regions (New England, the Middle Colonies, the Chesapeake,
the Lower South, or the West Indies) and explain how they compared with one
another in terms of culture, politics, and the economy.
7. What are three things that a study of slavery can teach us about freedom, or the
lack thereof, in colonial America?
8. The American Revolution saw many of the British colonies in North America
declare their independence from Great Britain. Before this many colonists were
proud to be British subjects. Throughout the colonial period, in what ways were
colonists an extension of England and in what ways were they unique societies?
9. In your estimation, what were the three main causes of the American Revolution?
10. What would you say were the three most significant events of the American
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