Review "Anytown Historical Timeline." Notice there are missing details for some very significant events since the 1993 World Trade Center bombing. All of these events impacted the development of the field of emergency management, some to a lesser extent than you might imagine. For example, it would be reasonable to assume that the bombings of the World Trade Center in 1993 and the Murrah Federal Building in 1995 drastically impacted preparedness at locations agreed upon to be likely targets for terrorist attacks. If that were the case; however, significant questions should arise about persistent vulnerabilities exposed by later terrorist attacks. Likewise, though the United States has faced numerous devastating natural disasters over the past century, as was made evident in “Hurricane Katrina: A Nation Still Unprepared,” our experiences have not necessarily translated into improved preparedness, mitigation, response, and recovery practices. It is your job to investigate some tough questions about the state of emergency management in the nation and complete the following two-part assignment:
Research the events and laws on the timeline since 1993 that are missing details. For each of the seven points:
Investigate what impact these events and legislation had on preparedness, mitigation, response, and recovery in the United States.
Summarize the impacts in the description fields on your own timeline.
Include the development of key practices, laws, standards, agencies, organizations, and systems related to these events in your descriptions where appropriate.
Use the attached “Nation Prepared Timeline PPT Template” to complete Part 1 of the assignment. Your completed timeline project should be 15-20 slides in length. Include a reference slide with 6-8 sources.
While APA format is not required for the body of this assignment, solid academic writing is expected, and in-text citations and references should be presented using APA documentation guidelines, which can be found in the APA Style Guide, located in the Student Success Center.
You are not required to submit this assignment to Turnitin.
Your goal in Part 1 of the assignment is to demonstrate key developments in the field related to the seven significant points on "A Nation Prepared Timeline." Your goal in Part 2 is analyze some key events more closely in order to assess the state of preparedness in the nation today. The objective is to identify s critical vulnerabilities and recommend corrective actions.
Research three emergencies or disasters from "EMM-300 Historical Timeline" and address the following (750-1,000 words):
How did those events impact the handling of later disasters? For example, would you say Hurricane Sandy was handled differently or more successfully based on lessons learned from Katrina? Why or why not? Where can you pinpoint evidence of improved practice in the emergency management field?
Then, based on your research in this course, discuss the country’s remaining vulnerabilities. What gains can you confidently say have been made in the dimensions of preparedness, mitigation, response, and recovery since 911 and Hurricane Katrina? Where is our nation still most vulnerable? What must be done to address those vulnerabilities? How can government agencies, organizations, and emergency management systems work more effectively together to provide seamless responses to major emergency or disaster situations?
Finally, discuss your responsibility as an emergency responder or manager and citizen to make sure your community is as prepared as possible for emergency situations.
Prepare this assignment according to the APA guidelines found in the APA Style Guide, located in the Student Success Center. An abstract is not required
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A Nation Prepared Timeline
• Our country has been under attack from different
arrays of acts from various cultural backgrounds
• It has been difficult for the government to
pinpoint whoever is attacking America, as well as
the next location for the attack
• In case the government can predict the incident
to occur, it can be included in the mitigation plan
• the following slides illustrate the occurrence of
disasters in the nation respectively
1993 Bombing at World Trade Center
• This is the most historical human-made disaster. There were six people
dead at the incidence, with 1000 people getting injuries
• A later investigation revealed that six suspects were responsible for the
bombing. However, one of the suspects was never found
• 50000 people were evacuated during the attack (CNN, 2017). The act
has changed the approach government officials has on mitigation
1993 Bombing at World Trade Center Cont’d
• The bomb exploded while people were at work
on 27th February 1993, on the second floor in the
parking garage at Vista Hotel next to the World
Trade Center building. (CNN, 2017).
• It goes for years into the court and the convicted
for a case of bombing.
• After a thorough investigation on explosion
being, the FBI realised that Ramzi Yousef was the
one behind the attack, and he was convicted, and
imprisoned for 240 years for such an act.
1995 Murrah Federal Building Bombing
• People tend to judge a book by its cover. It was shocking to
hear that the praised hero of the Gulf War, Timothy
McVeigh, was the bomber to the Oklahoma City
• He is white and solely made the bomb, that blew up the
building, killing 168 people, including men, women and
• He deliberately did the acts and impeded how the officials
to emergency management could approach a disaster
• No preparation can be done by any government
stakeholder to approach such an incident and recover
1996 Anti-Terrorism and Death Penalty Act
The criminal integrity system is not perfect, in the due process. Many cases have
been dismissed wrongly and some people sentenced to death penalty.
Hector Ayala ought not to have been involved in a drug deal which went wrong,
and three men were murdered in the scape process. Ayala was eventfully captured
and paid the price of murder. In his case, the jury selected to hear his case were
either Hispanic or American Hispanic.
In 1996, a law called the Anti-terrorism, and Effective Death Penalty Act was
introduced since the incidence involving Timothy McVeigh, the Oklahoma City
Through former president Bill Clinton, the act was put in place with support by the
bipartisan to limit the processes of appeal, like that of Hector Ayala through “Great
Grit” (Bazelon, 2015).
Anti-Terrorism and Death Penalty Act cont’d
Just like the regular laws, Ayala was convicted of killing men in a drug deal. He was
convicted due to the previous laws enacted, to respond and recover from drastic
Several issues that arose in the past years, and government officials understood
that to help address a vital issue; it should coordinate all the channels
Each local and federal agency must address the issue, and come up wit...