Question #1 should be one or two paragraphs
Thomas Jefferson and Alexander Hamilton both served on Washington’s first cabinet, and
the two men had very different views on the new United States. They particularly differed
on the role of the federal government. Beyond that, they disagreed in a very fundamental
way on how Americans should live their lives and make their livings. Hamilton expressed
his views in his “Report on Manufacturers.” Jefferson summarized his views in his Notes
on the State of Virginia.
According to Hamilton and Jefferson, how should Americans devote their energies? Put
another way, what should be the thrust of new American economy?
Questions #2 is a short essay - should be in a range of 300 to 450 words.
In creating a “republic,” our Founding Fathers did something very radical. Most other
nations of the world were monarchies, and ultimate authority rested with a king or queen
of royal blood. We instead created a form of government that would not even allow royal
blood or noble titles. Our form of government was a republic, whereby the governed ran
their own government, and ultimate authority rested with voters. Our republic was also
federal in form, in that we divided authority between a central or national government, and
state governments. States had some authority and the national government had some
authority. In addition, our federal or national government divided into three distinct
branches, and these branches operated under a number of “checks and balances” that kept
any one branch from taking away too much authority from the other two.
In looking at the Constitution, how did the Founding Fathers try to prevent Tyranny? Keep in
mind that they worried about tyranny of one, tyranny of a few, and tyranny of the mob.
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