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Read the book from page 270 to 301. then answer the one question. 3 full page without the references. the references only allowed use the book ,not from online.

question: Explain the tale of the cave. Also explain why the philosophers return to the cave. (3 Full page , double space). No plagiarism!!!

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Explanation & Answer

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Surname 1

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Tale of the cave
The tale of the cave also known as the allegory of the cave is one of the tales that Plato
uses to explain the nature of reality. The cave is used to represent the life which most of the
human beings are living today while the dramatic exit from the cave represents the source of a
true understanding. Plato called this the philosophy of reality. Inside the cave, there are prisoners
who are chained such that they are unable to move their heads. For this reason, they can only see
what is directly in front of them and nothing more.
From the book, the Socrates enter into a dialogue with Glaucon where he was told to
imagine a cave with prisoners inside it. The prisoners have lived in that cave all their lives, and
that means from childhood to the ages they are now. These prisoners are chained from the legs to
the necks so that the legs and collars are immovable and the only thing they see in front of them
is a wall. Behind these prisoners is a fire and in between them and the fire is a walkway which is
raised so that people coming and going outside the cave can walk on it.
The people using the pathway are puppeteers, and they are transporting various objects
with forms of human beings and animals and the everyday items. The prisoners since they can’t
move only see the wavering imageries on the wall to mean that they are nothing real they see but
images and shadows. Having lived in the cave all their lives, they are forced to presume that

Surname 2
whatever they see as images or shadows on the wall are real rather than a representation of what
is real. The prisoners are living in illusion and not a reality. The Socrates continued by saying
that at some point, the prisoners could feel the images were so real that they could assign prestige
among each other provided that the person remembers the specific details of a particular image
or even which image is coming next.
The essential of playing the game by the prisoners was to show how people could act as
masters when they know the empirical world. However, the writer, Plato teaches that it is wrong
to admire such masters because they do not know the truth. That is why while the prisoners
belief the lambent images on the wall as real, they are not really in reality but just shadows.
The Socrates continued by saying that, what if one of the prisoners were given a chance
of freedom and instead of facing the wall, they are given the opportunity to face the fires
direction. The reality is that the prisoner will face difficulties in adapting to the bright light from
the fire, and it will hurt the eyes. As a result, the prisoner can’t help but choose to face the walls'
direction naturally without being asked. Also, the prisoner will know the shadows he used to see
as non-real items but only images and shadows.
Another case the Socrates gave is imagination of a prisoner who escapes from the prison
and is now in full freedom since he is out of the cave into the open area. It is noticed that the
disorientation of the normalcy will even be more and severe for that matter. This is because,
outside the cave, the prisoner will be exposed to the sunlight which is brighter than the fire and it
will become difficult for him to open the eyes. As the passes by, the prisoner will adjust to
present environment and be able to see even beyond shadows and will be able to see even the
reflections in...


Anonymous
Really great stuff, couldn't ask for more.

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