Can you write and understand a lab report?

timer Asked: Mar 6th, 2018
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In this experiment, you are going to test rote versus eidetic memorization techniques. Before you start, review the Project resources to make sure you understand the memory techniques and experimental design.

Find at least four participants and split them into two groups. The subjects in Group One will try to learn 10 random word pairings by rote memorization. The subjects in Group Two will try to learn the same 10 random word pairings by eidetic memorization.

Each participant will have his or her recall tested twice—first one minute after memorization, and then a second time after at least 24 hours. (Aim for consistency. Each participant’s “time since memorization” should be no more than an hour apart.)

Follow the instructions for each part of the experiment. The whole experiment will take about 30 minutes the first day and 10 minutes the next day

Get Your Lab Coat! ­ Lab Report Format Title: ​ Try to summarize what your experiment is about in one phrase. ● Example: “Measuring the Temperature and Pressure of a Gas Within a Container” Your Name: ​ ____________________ Date: ​ __ / __ / __ Abstract​ : Write this last. This is a short summary of the entire lab report, including what questions you were trying to answer, what you did and what you found. Introduction​ : Short paragraph that describes the purpose of the experiment. ● State which questions you were trying to answer. ● Describe background knowledge about the experiment. Hypothesis​ : A testable educated guess that attempts to explain a series of facts or a phenomenon. A hypothesis is developed ​ before​ an experiment is conducted. ● Example: A dog can be trained to salivate when a human rings a bell. Methods​ : Explain how you conducted the experiment. Include key information about your sample size, the instructions you gave people, any measurements you took, etc. Data​ : What did you record when conducting your experiment? You may want to display this information in a chart. Results​ : Analyze your data. How do the data answer the question you posed by conducting this experiment? Was your hypothesis correct? Discussion​ : Put your results into context. Explain your results in terms of what is already scientifically proven by other experiments and texts. What further questions might you research in the future? You should also discuss any mistakes you made or limitations in the experimental design and what impact those could have. ● What are the main contemporary perspectives of psychology? Where would this kind of experiment fit? ● Explain the psychology of memory and why one memory technique was expected to work more effectively than the other. ○ Was this experiment dealing with explicit or implicit memory? Which sub­type? ○ For each technique, which type of memory—sensory, short­term or long­term—were your subjects using? Justify your answer. ○ Were the two techniques different in encoding, storage or retrieval? © Copyright 2016 College for America at Southern New Hampshire University. All rights reserved. Get Your Lab Coat! ­ Lab Report Format ● Were your results consistent with current theories? If not, explain. ● Define “independent variable” and “dependent variable” in your own words. What were the independent and dependent variables in this experiment? ● Define “sample” and “population” in your own words. Do you think you can reliably infer information about the population from your sample? Why or why not? ● Define “operational definition” in your own words. What was your operational definition of “memory”? ● Define “scientific method” in your own words. How did your experiment use the scientific method? Resources​ : Include citations for any background information or outside knowledge. Note: ​ In general, you should try to be concise when writing lab reports. © Copyright 2016 College for America at Southern New Hampshire University. All rights reserved.
Project resource links 1. Introduction to Psychology, Chapter 8 Please be aware that the first example in this resource, entitled "She Was Certain, but She Was Wrong" contains descriptions of sexual assault. Read chapter 8 of this text, "Remembering and Judging." 2. Introduction to Psychology Click "Enter course" and read Module 2 (in Unit 2) only. You can enter the course without creating an account. 3. Scientific Method Click "Enter the Site" and read the "How Science Works" section. 4. Research Methods in Psychology Read Chapter 2 for information on variables, sample and population, and operational definition. 5. Overview of Intellectual Property Laws Read this article, which contains a summary of various types of intellectual property laws. 6. Creative Commons Read this handout about Creative Commons, which enables the sharing and use of knowledge through free legal tools. 7. Theories About Memory Review this website, which contains a variety of theories about memory. 8. Organizing Your Social Sciences Research Paper: Limitations of the Study Read this article, which provides examples of limitations in a study. 9. Experimental Design Watch this video and/or read the accompanying article, which describes three types of experimental design. Experimental design refers to the way you carry out an experiment with participants. 10. How Science Works Review this resource, which provides more information on the scientific method.

Tutor Answer

School: New York University



Measuring the Effectiveness of Rote versus Eidetic Memorization Techniques


The aim of this research was to test which between rote and eidetic memorization
techniques is best in memorization of information and data. Four participants were selected for
the experiment and divided into two groups, Group A and Group B. Group A used rote
memorization technique to memorize 10 random word pairing while Group B used eidetic
memorization technique to memorize the same 10 words. The participants were asked to write
down the words that they memorized after one minute and again after 24 hours. The average
recall rate for Group A after one minute was 8.5 while that of B was 7. The average recall rate
after 24 hours for group A was six and that B was six. Participants in group A forgot more words
after 24 hours compared to B. These results did not support the hypothesis that eidetic
memorization technique is more effective than rote memorization technique.




Memorization is defined as the task of committing learned data or information into one’s
memory (Saylor Foundation, n.d.). The power of memorization is of vital importance in day-today life. It helps us remember data and information that we need in order to succeed in different
endeavors. Two very important memorization techniques are rote and eidetic memorization. Rote
memorization is the attempt to commit information into one’s memory by the process of
repetition. On the other hand, eidetic memorization is the attempt to memorize information by
the use of images. It is widely claimed that that eidetic memorization technique is more effective
than rote memorization technique in memorizing data and information. The aim of this study is
to test which of the two techniques is the best in memorization.

The study’s hypothesis is that ‘eidetic memorization technique is more effective than rote
memorization technique when it comes to memorization of information.’
Four people participated in the study. Out of the four, two were male and the other two
were female. The participants ranged in age between 18 and 23. They were selected from a pool
of friend...

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