13-18 Entries Penn Foster, English homework help


Question Description

Required Journal Entry 13: Evaluating Your Sources Describe when it’s appropriate to use sources in an essay. Why is it important to differentiate between facts, opinions, and bias when choosing sources for your research? (Minimum 2 paragraphs, 6-8 sentences each)

Required Journal Entry 14: Organizing Your Information Describe: Review pages 586–591 and 595–596 in Successful College Writing. Describe at least two ways to organize your information effectively. Choose the method that would work best for you and explain why. (Minimum 2 paragraphs, 6 sentences each)
Reflect: Take a look back to your response to Journal Entry 10. Briefly describe what counts as plagiarism. When is it appropriate to cite information? What information doesn’t need to be cited? (Minimum 1 paragraph, 6–8 sentences)

Required Journal Entry 15: Using Your Sources Responsibly Review the definitions of direct quotation, paraphrase, and summary in Chapters 23 and 24 in Successful College Writing. In your own words, define these terms. Then explain the most effective use of each of these three types of sources. (Minimum 2 paragraphs, 6–8 sentences each)

Required Journal Entry 16: Planning Your Argument Study the argument essay topics on page 184 in your study guide and choose your topic for your argument. This journal entry will help you begin to plan, research, and organize your paper. Please note that both topics are very broad, so you should narrow your chosen topic appropriately to suit your purpose and interest as well as the research and length requirements. Use the Journal Entry 16 Argument Essay Outline Worksheet to help you complete this entry.
Review “The Basic Parts of an Argument” on pages 501–507 in your textbook. Once you’ve chosen your topic and identified your issue, you need to develop support. According to your text, the three common types of support for an argument are “reasons, evidence, and emotional appeals.” Follow the process outlined below:
I. State your claim
A. Identify the type of claim (fact, value or policy).
B. Explain your purpose or goal for your research paper.
II. Identify your reasons
A. Reason 1
B. Reason 2
C. Reason 3
III. Start your research to develop support for your claim (provide at least two examples of each):
A. Support your reasons with evidence
1. Facts*
2. Statistics*
3. Expert opinions*
4. Examples*
5. Personal Experiences
English Composition178
B. Identify your emotional appeals
1. Appeal to needs
2. Appeal to values
* Cite your sources using MLA citation and documentation format (that is, parenthetical citations and a list of works cited).
To research effectively and efficiently, use the Expanded Academic ASAP database in Penn Foster’s digital library.

Required Journal Entry 17: Recognizing Your Opposition Identify: Identify and define the three ways you can recognize opposing views in your argument. In your own words, explain why it’s valuable to include the opposition in your essay. (Minimum 1 paragraph, 6 sentences)
Reflect: Read William Safire’s essay “Abolish the Penny” on page 541 in your textbook and review the graphic organizer on pages 543. In your opinion, does acknowledging his opposition strengthen or weaken Safire’s argument? Explain. (Minimum 1 paragraph, 6 sentences)

Required Journal Entry 18: Course Reflection Reflect: Review your journal, starting with your first entry and the learning inventory. Reflect on how knowing who you are as a learner has helped you with the course activities. Consider your progress as a writer through each journal entry and essay. How has your writing changed since you started the course? Identify the improvements you’ve made and the skills you still need to practice. (3 paragraphs, 6 sentences each)
Evaluate: What goals did you set for yourself at the beginning of this course? Did you accomplish everything you hoped? Explain what you would have done differently, and describe the approach to writing you’ll use in your future assignments. (2 paragraphs, 6 sentences each)

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School: University of Virginia

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13-18 Entries Penn Foster

Required Journal Entry 13: Evaluating Your Sources
When it is appropriate to use sources in an essay

When writing an essay, there are different instances that may call the use of sources. One
instance that it is appropriate to use a source is when the essay question of the questioner
(teacher) expressly instructs you to use a certain number of sources for your essay. Here it is a
requirement and thus it is appropriate for the writer to use sources in the essay. It is also
appropriate to use sources in an essay to correctly credit a quotation from some other piece of
work. When developing research papers, if the writer directly quotes from another source, it will
be appropriate for the writer to correctly cite the source of the quotation. The will also be
required to give a complete information about the source, including; the title, the source author,
date and place of publication, and page numbers where relevant. A source can also be
appropriately used to provide the reader with a source for reference on the topic.

Importance of differentiating between opinions, facts and bias when choosing sources for

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It is necessary for a writer to separate between different sources in terms the quality of
the information presented in it. Research is has a particular purpose to achieve. It is important
that a writer chooses the right sources for a particular research. The writer can only do this if
they can differentiate between opinions facts and bias. The quality of a research is dependent on
the quality of the research sources used. Facts are provable, opinions are just expressions of
people’s feelings while biased sources presents information inclined to a particular direction
failing to recognize fact from the other part. When a researcher can differentiate between the
three, they can effectually achieve the intended purpose. It is therefore important for a researcher
to differentiate between facts, opinions and bias.

Works Cited

Elbing, Alvar O. Behavioral Decisions in Organizations. Glenview, Ill: Scott, Foresman, 2010.

Khan, Aamera ZH, Mohammad Atique, and V. M. Thakare. "Combining lexicon-based and
learning-based methods for Twitter sentiment analysis." International Journal of
Electronics, Communication and Soft Computing Science & Engineering (IJECSCSE)
(2015): 89.

Journal Entry 14: Organizing Your Information
Ways to Organize Information Effectively
Organizing information has many different ways in real life and each of the ways has its
benefits and disadvantages. Some of the benefits of organizing information include; to better

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accuracy, to make the information more attractive, and to ensure a logical flow between the
information. Our daily undertakings information organization. Two ways to organize information
is by; constructing an annotated bibliography paraphrasing.
Constructing an Annotated Bibliography
This information organization approach involves the collection of all the sources that the
writer has referred to in their research. Each of the sources is then analyzed briefly relating the
role it will play in the research. A tittle of the book or source, its publication details and the
authors name always head the analysis. It is easier for a writer to prepare the annotated
bibliography while carrying out the research that earlier or later. When the writer is the research,
he has fresh memory of the details of the source that later. It is therefore easier to prepare
annotated bibliography while carrying out research since the source information is fresh in the
mind. The preparation of an annotated bibliography may sometime be tedious and time
consuming but it worth it. Annotated bibliographies help to draft or revisit a research study. The

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