Short Paper on Mill
Mill famously argued that the ethical action is what leads
to the greatest amount of happiness for the greatest number of people. Please write an essay about Mill's
utilitarian ethical theory that answers the following questions:
1. Does utilitarian theory require us to--somehow--have
certain knowledge about the future? Can
we identify which actions will cause the greatest amount of happiness for the
greatest number of people without having certain knowledge of the future?
2. Can a utilitarian consistently reject as immoral the
enslavement of a small group of people whose enslavement brings great happiness
to a much larger group of people?
3. Do either of these two problems (the 'knowing the future'
problem and the 'justification of slavery' problem) mean that utilitarianism is
an unsatisfactory ethical theory? Why or
Please ensure that your essay addresses each component of
the assigned questions and that your answer is well organized, uses excellent,
college-level prose, and makes judicious use of textual evidence. Your essay should be 600-900 words long.