rephrase and rephrase

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rephrase all the answers using easy words

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Surname 1 Q1. The Temperance Movement During the 19th century and the early part of the 20th century, a social movement known as the temperance movement dedicated its efforts towards discouraging and eliminating alcohol consumption within the United States. The movement believed that many Americans had fallen victims to the negative impacts of alcohol use and abuse, ranging from its direct users as well as affected family members and the greater community. The various effects of alcoholism that were witnessed during this period included increased crime rates, homelessness and family disintegration, with some cases leading to divorce and high unemployment rates. As a result of the group’s movement, alcohol use within the United States was prohibited between the years of 1920 and 1933. Alcohol addiction or alcoholism is the gravest form of alcohol abuse. It is regarded as a chronic ailment that is typified by the consumption of alcohol in amounts that interfere with an individual’s physical and mental capacity, making them unable to function or stop their dependence on alcohol despite having social and economic responsibilities. Alcohol addiction is a product of environmental, psychological, as well as genetic factors. Q2. Connection between Alcohol Use, Crime and Violent Behavior The relationship between alcohol use, crime and aggressive conduct may be attributed to a number of factors. For one, the direct effects of alcohol have been known to lead to aggression by affecting an individual’s brain function and impairing information received and interpreted by the brain. As such, individuals may misjudge social actions and overreact towards what they may perceive as a threat. The relationship between the two factors may also be as a function of social and cultural suppositions, whereby, it is believed that alcohol users will inevitably turn violent. Children brought up in affected families may be exposed to a great deal of violence and later imitate this role in their lives. Here, alcoholism may lead to criminal acts such as child and Surname 2 sexual abuse, as well as battery. The fact that alcoholics are incapable of normal functions makes them a prime target for robbers and through this, alcohol use influences crime. Q3. Concerns Related to Tobacco Use The issues related to the use of tobacco revolve around the fact that it is highly addictive and that it is known to contain a variety of cancer-causing elements. It has been noted that the reason tobacco is quite addictive is the nicotine content found in most tobacco products. Research shows that nicotine triggers reward pathways in the brain giving rise to the sensation of pleasure. Long-term changes in the brain due to continued nicotine intake results in addiction. Tobacco is also considered a causative agent for cancer, with research showing that it contains tar, a viscous brow substance that is widely known for causing lung and throat cancer in a majority of its users. Q4. Behavioral Effect of Caffeine Drowsiness in a person is caused when adenosine produced in the brain bind with adenosine receptors. However, to these receptors, caffeine closely resembles adenosine. Caffeine may, therefore, be bound to the adenosine receptors, but since it does not inhibit cell activity as adenosine would, the individual portrays symptoms of alertness and low fatigue levels. Caffeine is, in this case, said to improve one’s operation especially in vigilant tasks. It has also been observed that withdrawal from caffeine is often characterized by a gloomy demeanor depending on a person’s dependence on the substance. Q5. Over the Counter Drugs versus Prescription Medication Prescription medication consists of those that require written instruction from relevant licensed medical personnel, and that are usually prescribed to nurse a particular health problem. They are also relatively more powerful than over-the-counter drugs, which can be bought without a prescription and are often intended for a patient’s self-care. People are often advised Surname 3 against the use of over-the-counter medication for several reasons. For starters, they influence the activity of prescribed medication making them either ineffective or stronger. Secondly, they can mask underlying symptoms of a serious ailment, a situation which can be detrimental to a person’s health in the long run. Over-the-counter treatments have in some cases been seen to lead to drug overdose making them less preferable to prescribed medicine. Q6. The Therapeutic Use of Aspirin Aspirin is sometimes used as an analgesic agent to relieve pain especially in the case of headaches and pains. In higher doses, Aspirin may be used in the treatment of inflammatory ailments such as arthritis and as an antipyretic drug to reduce the occurrence of a fever. Daily aspirin therapy is also considered to be a way through which the likelihood of a heart attack to occur can be reduced by interfering with the body’s blood clotting mechanism. Q7. Beneficial Purpose of Morphine and Other Opioids Opioids such as morphine are commonly prescribed by medical practitioners due to their pain-relieving abilities. Opioids work by binding themselves to opioid receptors within the brain, gastrointestinal tract and spinal cord thereby inhibiting the transmission of pain messages to the cells in the brain. Opioids such as transdermal fentanyl have been seen to significantly counter pain and improve functional disability in the nursing of chronic low back pain. Q8. Medical Use of Marijuana Marijuana is one of the most effective therapeutic substances known. Medial Cannabis is the term given to the physician-prescribed drug that serves as a herbal therapy agent and in most cases as an antiemetic. Medical Marijuana is known to possess therapeutic abilities for patients suffering from muscle spasms, chronic pain, nausea, and interlobular pressure in the eyes, as well as to enhance a person’s metabolic rate. In some cases, it may be used to alleviate anxiety and depression especially among terminal cancer victims. Surname 4 Q9. The Treatment Breakthrough for Treating Opioid Dependency Issues with Suboxone The use of Suboxone in the treatment of opioid dependency within the United States was approved by the FDA in 2002. It was observed that Suboxone possesses advantageous attributes over other medication assisted treatment options such as Methadone and Naltrexone. Suboxone represses cravings and withdrawal symptoms portrayed by opioid dependent persons and prevent the occurrence of euphoria. Suboxone contains Buprenorphine and naloxone. Buprenorphine works by producing a relatively milder effect than conventional opioids. It tricks the brain into believing it is a full opioid thereby suppressing withdrawal cravings and manifestations. Q10. Should Marijuana Be Legalized for Medical Purposes? It is my opinion that the prohibition of medical marijuana would be unfounded and unjust. I believe that it is wrong to deny any individual the right and benefit of receiving effective treatment using natural substances. There is factual proof advocating for the effects of marijuana on patient care in addition to the potential opportunities that would arise from this venture such as employment opportunities and revenue generation. Although critics may argue that this would set precedence for the excusable abuse of marijuana, regulatory systems can be put in place to easily manage its use for medical purposes.
Surname 1 Explain the temperance movement in America. Discuss concept for alcohol addiction The Temperance movement, also termed as the prohibition movement, was a social and political issue, which took place in the early nineteenth century in the United States. The primary aim of the movement was to completely end the sale of alcohol at the local, state and national levels. During this time, alcoholism was a major problem and supporters of the movement commonly known as teetolalers argued that it was the root cause of various social vices such as family neglect and spousal abuse. The concept of alcohol addiction, which sparked the movement, was brought about by a study of Dr Benjamin Rush titled An Inquiry Into the Effects of Ardent Spirits Upon the Human Body and Mind. It proposed that alcohol addiction was harmful to both human psychological and physical health. Discuss the connection between alcohol use, crime and violent behavior The relationship between alcohol use, crime and violent behavior has been a focus of many research studies. The excessive consumption of alcohol has been shown to be a significant factor in precipitating violent behavior. According to estimates from the US department of justice, the majority of criminal offenders are usually under the influence of alcohol when committing crimes. Individual and situational characteristics are some of the factors that have been shown to be key predictors of alcohol-related violence. For example, binge drinking, especially amongst young people, has been associated with violence and aggression. Alcoholrelated assaults have also been shown to mostly occur during certain times including weekends and also after 9 pm. Explain two causes for concern related to smoking tobacco Surname 2 Smoking related deaths are the leading cause of preventable deaths in the US with statistics indicating that more than 400,000 deaths are reported annually due to tobacco use. Smoking has been associated with various health risks including cardiovascular disease and respiratory complications. Tobacco smokers are at an elevated risk of developing complications affecting the heart and its related blood vessels. Smoking has been associated with coronary disease and strokes which are the leading causes of death in the US. Smoking has also been associated with various respiratory diseases such as chronic bronchitis and emphysema and has been shown to be the leading cause of lung cancer. Caffeine is the most commonly used psychoactive drug; what is the behavioral effect of caffeine? The intake of caffeine has been shown to have some behavioral effects on humans even when consumed in moderate amounts. Caffeine improves cognitive performance, reduces fatigue, and enhances mental alertness, especially when consumed at low arousal situations.. Various studies have also demonstrated the relationship between caffeine intake and sustained attention in the performance of prolonged tasks. Caffeine improves the performance in simple tasks that require a sustained form of response especially when an individual’s level of mental alertness is reduced. The withdrawal of caffeine has also been associated with certain behavioral aspects such as negative moods. Distinguish over the counter versus prescription drugs, list two reasons for prescription only medication Prescriptions drugs are prescribed by a doctor, bought in pharmacies and are intended to be used by only one person. On the other hand, over the counter drugs do not require a doctor’s Surname 3 prescription and can be bought off-the-shelf in stores. Over the counter drugs are suitable for mild, occasional symptoms such as antihistamine medications. On the other hand, prescription drugs are used for severe medical complications for example powerful allergy medications. Prescription medications are beneficial over OTC drugs especially when it comes to managing risks associated with medicine use. This is because doctors prescribing the drugs have an accurate understanding of the best approaches to be used in tacking various symptoms. This helps in reducing chances that the prescribed drugs: • may cause additional problems, • may not work as well as expected • may produce harmful interactions with other medications. What is the therapeutic use of aspirin? The use of aspirin has been associated with various therapeutic effects. For example, it provides pain relief from headaches, gastric distension, muscle cramps and also skin irritation. It can also be used to treat inflammatory complications such as arthritis. Aspirin has also been used to prevent strokes and heart attacks both in individuals who have been diagnosed with heart problems and also as a preventative measure for patients with known cardiovascular diseases. Explain the beneficial purpose of morphine and other opioids Opioids are chemicals which produce pharmacological effects which resemble those of morphine or any other opiates. Opioids can be used to provide relief from acute pain for example post-surgery pains and also chronic pains associated with terminal conditions such as cancer. Surname 4 They have also been effective in providing pain relief from certain degenerative conditions such as rheumatoid arthritis. Recent clinical trials have also shown the effectiveness of opioids in the treatment of non-malignant pain including post-herpetic neuralgia and back pains. What is the medical use for marijuana? Marijuana contains active chemicals known as cannabinoids, which provide various therapeutic effects and are also useful in treating several illnesses. Medical marijuana can be consumed in a variety of ways including smoking, pill ingestions and also in the form of food such as chocolate bars and cookies. The two main cannabinoids, which are beneficial in medical marijuana, are cannabidiol and THC. Cannabidiol acts as a non-psychoactive drug and can be used in controlling epileptic seizures and also providing relief from inflammation and pain. THC is useful in reducing nausea and in stimulating appetite. Medical marijuana has also been shown to treat glaucoma. Explain the treatment breakthrough for treating opioid with Suboxone Suboxone is a drug which is used in the treatment of opiate addiction. It contains a combination of Buprenorphine, which is an opioid medication, and naloxone, which reverses the effects of other narcotic medications. In October 2002, Bunenorphine received FDA approval for the treatment of opiate addiction after a clinical breakthrough that showed the effectiveness of the drug in treating opiate withdrawal symptoms. Bunenorphine has both opiate and anti-oipate properties. When the drug is administered to patients having opiate withdrawal symptoms, it eliminates the symptoms within an hour. This is in contrast to past withdrawal cycles which took up to 6 days and involved severe abdominal cramping and profuse sweating. Buprenorphine’s opiate properties enable it to be substituted for previous opiate medications. Surname 5 Should marijuana be legalized for medical purposes? Please give your opinion The debate on whether medical marijuana should be legalized continues to linger on even today. Personally, I am of the view that marijuana should be legalized for medical purposes. Scientific and medical research dating back thousands of years demonstrate the beneficial medicinal properties of it. Modern day studies have also come to the same conclusion and have proved that medical marijuana provides pain relief for patients, especially those undergoing chemotherapy. Those opposed to the use of medical marijuana often neglect the main conditions for its use, namely that conditions for its use are to be left in the hands of regulated healthcare professionals who will prevent the abuse of the drug. Most of the health risks associated with marijuana are primarily due to the smoke produced and not the active cannabinoids which are very beneficial to humans.

Tutor Answer

School: Purdue University

Hello I have finished it. It has the same meaning of the original answers. Let me know if this is good enough. Pam 😊

Surname 1
Explain the temperance movement in America. Discuss concept for alcohol addiction
The temperance movement was enacted in order to try to keep people from drinking
alcohol. It took place in the 19th and 20th centuries. The goal of the movement was to
completely ban the sale of alcohol in the United States. A study done by Doctor Benjamin Rush
sparked the temperance movement. It showed that alcohol can harm the body both physically
and mentally. The proponents of the movement, teetotalers, pushed for people to realize
alcohol's negative effects on society, such as broken families, more crimes, poverty, and
homelessness. The temperance movement succeeded and prohibition was enacted between 1920
and 1933. Alcohol use is always risky, but when someone has the need to drink everyday and it
impairs their well-being, this is known as alcoholism. Alcoholism causes a decrease in
functioning, thought processes, and motor skills. It can be caused by many factors intertwining,
and it is shown to pass through genes.
Discuss the connection between alcohol use, crime and violent behavior
Alcohol use can cause an impairment of brain functions and thus a person's inhibitions
can not be controlled as much as usual. When someone gets angry while drinking, they are more
prone to act violently since they cannot think things through due to the substance's effects on the
brain. Most criminals are arrested when they have alcohol in their system. In bars and at family
events, people see others acting aggressively because of drinking. A child who grows up in an
alcoholic parent's household have to deal with a lot of emotional abuse and this negatively
affects their future with alcohol. Younger people have lower alcohol tolerance, and thus this

Surname 2
makes them more violent and aggressive. People that are drinking can also be an easy target for
people to take advantage of and steal things from since their reaction time is slow.
Explain two causes for concern related to smoking tobacco
Every year, over 400,000 people die because of an illness related to smoking tobacco. It
directly destroys the respiratory system and it has many ingredients that contribute to many
different types of cancer. The severe respiratory diseases caused by smoking are bronchitis,
emphysema, and lung cancer. Hearth health is also harmed by smoking since it can cause
cardiovascular disease, coronary disease, and strokes. Nicotine makes tobacco addictive because
it imitates the feeling of pleasure in the brain when a person is smoking. The more a person
continues to smoke, the more they enjoy the pleasure feeling and this makes them want to keep
doing it.
Caffeine is the most commonly used psychoactive drug; what is the behavioral effect of
Caffeine can make a person less tired, more alert, and quicker to respond to stimuli. The
reason for this is that there are adenosine receptors in the brain that can combine with caffeine
due to caffeine's similar structure. W...

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