THE EUROPEAN UNION
According to The Economist, in the article titled “The future of the European Union,” the
future of the European Union is uncleared than ever1. The union is under more pressure than ever
especially after the referendum in Britain that allowed the country to leave the union. There are
several issues that cause the contention currently in the union. The problems are characterized by
the lack of agreement on policies concerning migration, foreign, and security policies2.
Therefore, it is important to examine the factors to be able to understand the position of the
European Union and the causes of the divisions that characterize the 28 states that are members
of the union.
The policies concerning migration are affected by several implicit as well as explicit
factors. First, there is the problem of the too much immigration of people from Africa and the
Middle East into the countries of the European Union. The high amounts of migration by
immigrants from the Africana and Middle Eastern countries directly affect issues such as
employment and other economic aspects of the countries that the people go to. According to the
Economist, in the recent years, there has been a reduced entry of people into the European Union
from Africa and the Middle East because of one main factor. The factor is the shaky bilateral
agreement between the European Union and Turkey. The deal that may end any time has reduced
the entry of immigrants into the EU via Greece3. Nevertheless, many people who will be
immigrants cross the Mediterranean every week result to tension in the EU about the
accommodation as well as the distribution of the migrants in the states that are members of the
EU. German for instance has been unhappy about the central EU countries refusing to take more
The Economist. 2017. The future of the European Union. March 25. https://www.economist.com/news/specialreport/21719188-it-marks-its-60th-birthday-european-union-poor-shape-it-needs-more.
refugees, leading to a few countries carrying the burden of the migrants from other countries.
The attempts to strengthen the external borders of the EU have had limited success. In the inside,
the Schengen frontier-free system is also experiencing problems as countries are also
reintroducing the border control systems. Therefore, it is clear that the policies of the EU
concerning migration are affected by migrants from outside the EU.
Just like the migration policies, the foreign policies are also affected by several factors.
One of the factors that influence the foreign policies is the geopolitical environment of the other
countries. For example, the eastern part of the EU is threatened by the aggressiveness of Russia
under President Vladimir Putin4. Putin is thought to be a threat to the sovereignty of the countries
in the Eastern part of Europe. For the reason, the EU has had to impose sanctions on Russia. The
EU is also affected by policies of a country like the United States of America. According to the
Economist, the current president of the USA has proven to be hostile and has harsh policies
against Muslim states and also supports the exit of Britain from the Eu. Therefore, it is clear that
the foreign policies of the EU are affected by the policies of the countries outside the Union.
The security policies of the EU are affected by factors both within and outside the Union.
One of the factors is the wars and political instability outside the union. Political uncertainty in
countries in the Middle East has led to the rise in insecurity. The increased immigration has also
led to the need for increased vigilance especially with the threats from the Middle East. Also, the
Iran Nuclear tests and other factors associated with it have led to the changes in the polic...
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