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  1. Paper 4: ERP
    CONTENTS
    Word count: 1000 to 1200 words.
    To get an A, your paper needs to have no wasted words. Every sentence should contain high impact information. Please allow 3 weeks for grading.
    Please do not use bullet points. Each paper is required to have a total of 1000 to 1200 words to qualify for an A grade. Some students are very good at writing concisely and succinctly. This allows them to write the answer in 1000 words. Some students are more “wordy” and so they may need 1200 words to write the same answer. You need to know which one you are and use the appropriate number of words. The upper limit for each paper is 1200 words. You will lose 10% for every 50 words over the upper limit. I do not need you to repeat everything there is to know about what you learned or what you think about the case. I only want the high-impact statements, the things that the CEO needs to know. I also want it to be business oriented, not academic. Cite at least 4 sources and ensure that you regularly cite your sources throughout your essay. Make sure to use industry sources. Avoid repetition to make up the word count, as this will cause you to lose marks.
    Topic Categories:
    • ERP/SAP & Procurement  
    • ERP/SAP & Life Cycle 
    • ERP Process REDESIGN 
    • ERP/SAP & Sales 
    • ERP/SAP & Manufacturing 
    • ERP/SAP & Implementation 
    • ERP/SAP & Environment/Green Technology 
    • ERP/SAP & AI 
    • ERP/SAP & The Cloud 
    • ERP/SAP & Security 
    • ERP & Vendor Comparison
    • ERP & Consulting
    • Specific examples of paper topics:
    • Does procurement using ERP save money?
    • What effect does SAP have on Security in an organization" 
    • What are the advantages of using ERP on the cloud? 
    • IS implementation of ERP good for the environment?
    • Does SAP help to improve quality in manufacturing?
    • SOURCES
      You are required to use at least 7 sources which can be:
    • 5 industry papers + 2 academic/research papers
    • OR
    • 5 academic/research papers + 2 industry papers 
    • Include at least one ERP case study as a source.
      Academic research/journal articles 
    • Login to My AUM. 
    • Visit scholar.google.com. Make sure to update the settings so you are using AUM in the Library Links section.
    • Do not search for your specific topic. You will not find anything interesting and if you do, you cannot use it. Search instead for your topic categories. Select several papers which are focused on a sub-topic.
    • Practitioner/Trade/Industry sources 
    • Avoid marketing materials. Try to find White Papers, FAQs or How-To pages.
    • For Industry sources, you can use Google Advanced search to specify the website. 
    • You can include site:CIO.com in your search term in order to search only CIO.com.
    • You can include filetype:pdf in your search term to bring back only PDF documents (technical documents).
    • Your industry sources should be from the following list. If it is not in the list, then you should get permission from me before using it.  
      Software Industry Giants:
    • SAP.com
    • IBM.com
    • Microsoft.com
    • Oracle.com
    • GartnerGroup.com
    • Business:
    • HBR.org
    • Forbes.com
    • WSJ.com 
    • Linkedin.com
    • Technology Management:
    • CIO.com 
    • Computerworld.com
    • Wired.com
    • Cioinsight.com
    • Bloomberg 
    • Techcrunch 
    • Tech.co
    • business-software.com
    • Ctovision.com
    • Biztechmagazine.com
    • Consulting Companies:
    • KPMG.com 
    • Deloitte.com  
    • PWC.com 
    • McKinsey .com
    • Bain.com
    • EY.com
    • STRUCTURE 
    • You will be using APA style and especially APA formatted citations. 
    • Introduction (Why ERP? - This is general knowledge and you can cite the textbook and 1 or 2 of your sources).  Define each major term in your topic.State a major problems that ERP solves.State a general benefit of ERP.State a challenges of ERP.
      Body (Knowledge gained from reading your 7 papers)
      This section will use all of the 7 sources you have located. Create a narrative that focuses on the narrow topic you are researching. Make sure that there is a clear thread running through your statements. You will probably have sub-headings.
      Demi & Haddara (2018) defined ERP retirement as the act of putting in a different ERP. Demi et al. (2018) used an Egyptian case study for convenience. They said that “reasons of retirement were: wrong selection, users were not involved in the selection process”. ERP literature tends to focus mostly on retirement of systems after they become mature (Demi & Haddara, 2018)
      Conclusions (Main points from the body of your paper. What we should learn about ERP?)
      Summarize what can be learned from your paper. This is the version you will present to the CEO in 5 minutes.  References Demi, S., & Haddara, M. (2018). Do cloud ERP systems retire? An ERP lifecycle perspective. Procedia computer science, 138, 587-594.
      Haddara, M., & Elragal, A. (2011). ERP lifecycle: When to retire your ERP system?. In ENTERprise Information Systems: International Conference, CENTERIS 2011, Vilamoura, Algarve, Portugal, October 5-7, 2011, Proceedings, Part I (pp. 168-177). Springer Berlin Heidelberg. 

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Artificial Intelligence in ERP
Author First M Last
Institution Name
Course Number: Course Name
Instructor Name
Due Date

Artificial Intelligence in ERP
Overview
Modern firms rely heavily on enterprise resource planning (ERP) systems, which integrate
multiple processes and functions into a centralized system. ERP systems assist businesses in increasing
productivity, streamlining processes, and making well-informed decisions. Furthermore, studies
demonstrate how important ERP is for enhancing departmental cooperation and communication.
Enterprise Resource Planning, or ERP:
ERP is the term for an all-inclusive software program that integrates and controls several
business operations and tasks inside a company. As discussed by Kunduru (2023), assisting in the
smooth transfer of information between many departments, it offers a single platform for data analysis,
storage, and decision-making. ERP systems are made to improve productivity, teamwork, and the
general performance of an organization.
Retirement: Retirement in the context of ERP refers to the deliberate choice to swap out an old
ERP system for a new one. This process is switching from the present ERP system to a new one,
frequently as a result of breakthroughs in technology, shifting business requirements, or finding flaws
in the current system (Ivanović & Marić, 2021).
The principal issue resolved:
The issue of incorrect selection and little user participation in the selection process is one of the
main issues that ERP addresses. This issue frequently results in the requirement for ERP retirement.
Organizations may experience inefficiencies, user unhappiness, and the eventual retirement of the
system if they choose the wrong ERP system or fail to involve end users in the decision process.
Overall ERP Advantage:
ERP systems give businesses a uniform platform for managing their resources in addition to
solving particular issues, which promotes productivity, efficiency, and improved decision-making.
Real-time data access and cooperation are made possible by the integration of diverse business

processes, which helps firms react quickly to changes in the market and make well-informed strategic
decisions (Salur & Kattar, 2021).
Problems with ERP:
Workers' Opposition:Employee resistance to ERP installation usually stems from a fear of
change, a lack of knowledge about new procedures, or worries about their job security. Routines might
be upset by new technologies, making it difficult to adjust to new procedures.
Effect on Efficiency: ERP integration may take longer to complete if staff members oppose new
workflows. Opposition to the ERP system might result in decreased efficiency, a rise in mistakes, and
restricted usage (Mahmood et al. 2020).
High start-up costs: The initial cost of the hardware infrastructure and ERP software may be
high. Smaller businesses or individuals with tight budgets can find these costs burdensome.
According to Mahmood et al. 2020, initial costs are increased by hiring consultants for
implementation guidance and providing training to staff in addition to software and hardware
purchases. ERP deployment requires training, which is expensive.
Errors that occur during transition:
Workflow Disruptions: Typically, as noted by Hrischev & Shakev, (n.d.), implementing ERP
calls for significant adjustments to corporate processes. This change could cause everyday operations to
be disrupted, productivity to drop, and the supply of goods or services to be delayed.
Issues with Data Migration: Data migration from old systems to the new ERP platform can be
challenging and prone to mistakes. Simple data transition is necessary to ensure business continuity.
Techniques for reducing To minimize interruptions, schedule and phase implementation.
Prior to a full-scale rollout, piloting in certain areas enables progressive adaptation and problem
solving.
ERP Retirement: An Emphasis on Problems and Solutions in Implementation

Retirement for ERPThe process of switching out an existing ERP system with a new one is
known as ERP retirement. Their case study on Egypt highlights that poor choices and low user
participation in the selection process are frequent causes of ERP retirement. The literature emphasizes
the necessity of a deliberate approach to the retirement process by concentrating on retiring systems
when they reach maturity.
Implementation Difficulties
Research papers are analyzed to provide insights into the various problems encountered when
implementing ERP. According to Mahmood et al. (2020), these difficulties include the requirement for
efficient change management, insufficient training, and organizational opposition. In order to overcome
opposition, Mahmood (2020) emphasizes the value of staff involvement and training; Kunduru (2023)
contends that change management techniques are essential for an ERP implementation to be effective.
ERP Implementation with AI Integration
Enterprises benefit from the disruptive development of AI integration into ERP systems. Here
are some examples of how AI enhances ERP systems.
Enhanced Precision of Data:
- AI-Powered Automated Data Processing: AI streamlines and streamlines ERP system data
entry, validation, and processing procedures. This increases data accuracy and dependability by
lowering human data entry errors (Lashchenov, 2020).
- Clean and enrich data: AI systems may detect and resolve data discrepancies to maintain
accurate and up-to-date ERP system data.
Instantaneous insights:
- Analytics Predictive ERP predictive analytics is enabled by AI. By analyzing past data and
patterns, AI systems can forecast future trends, empowering businesses to take preemptive measures.

- Dynamic reporting: Decision-makers receive real-time corporate performance insights from
AI-enabled data analysis and reporting. Businesses may react swiftly to developments in the market
because to this real-time capacity (Salur & Kattar, 2021).
Enhanced Adaptability:
Haider (2021) argues that AI, particularly machine learning algorithms, facilitates ERP systems'
ability to adjust to evolving business environments. These systems adjust protocols and suggestions
based on trends in data and user behavior.
Enhanced Flexibility:
ERP systems can adjust to changing market situations, legal constraints, and business needs
thanks to AI's flexibility. In a changing environment, agility is critical for agile organizations.
By utilizing AI for improved decision-making, predictive skills, and market response,
businesses can streamline operations and obtain a competitive advantage. AI integration becomes a
critical factor in driving digital innovation and efficiency as businesses approach ERP rollout (Hrischev
& Shakev, n.d).
Conclusion
In conclusion, AI integration with ERP systems offers a viable way to solve enduring issues and
improve system performance as a whole. Organizations may increase data accuracy, expedite
procedures, and obtain insightful knowledge that helps with strategic decision-making by utilizing AI
capabilities. As the seven papers make clear, overcoming obstacles like employee resistance,
appropriate training, and efficient change management is still essential for an ERP installation to be
successful.
Conclusively, the dynamic terrain of ERP systems, in conjunction with the assimilation of
artificial intelligence, presents enterprises with unparalleled prospects for optimizing their processes. A
successful ERP installation depends on adopting new technologies, including users, and strategically
planning. These are the key takeaways from the ERP literature and the seven papers. For firms hoping

to maintain resilience and competitiveness in the fast-paced commercial world of today, this
understanding is essential.

References
Haider, L. (2021). Artificial intelligence in ERP.
Hrischev, R., & Shakev, N. ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE IN ERP SYSTEMS.
Ivanović, T., & Marić, M. (2021). Application of modern Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP)
systems in the era of digital transformation. Strategic Management, 26(4), 28-36.
Kunduru, A. R. (2023). Effective Usage of Artificial Intelligence in Enterprise Resource
Planning Applications. International Journal of Computer Trends and Technology, 71(4), 73-80.
Lashchenov, R. P. (2020). ERP-systems and Their Impact on Modern Business. Российская
наука и образование сегодня: проблемы и перспективы, (1), 29-32.
Mahmood, F., Khan, A. Z., & Bokhari, R. H. (2020). ERP issues and challenges: a research
synthesis. Kybernetes, 49(3), 629-659.
Salur, M. N., & Kattar, W. K. (2021). The impact of enterprise resource planning (ERP) on the
audit in the context of emerging technologies. Ekonomi Maliye İşletme Dergisi, 4(2), 115-123.


The Dynamics of ERP: From Implementation to Retirement
Author First M Last
Institution Name
Course Number: Course Name
Instructor Name
Due Date

The Dynamics of ERP: From Implementation to Retirement
Introduction
Systems for enterprise resource planning, or ERPs, have become essential to the way businesses
operate today since they provide a complete answer for improving organizational effectiveness and
streamlining procedures. This essay uses ideas from reliable sources, such as the Turban et al. (2020)
textbook and other academic publications, to explore the complex world of ERP. Retirement and ERP
are the two main terms that are being examined. ERP is an integrated software solution intended to
manage several corporate processes, according to Turban et al. (2020). Demi & Haddara (2018) define
retirement as the process of switching out an ERP system that is currently in place. The essay will
examine the issues that ERP resolves, as well as the general advantages and difficulties that it poses.
Principal Issues Resolved by ERPDemi et al. (2018) state that improper selection and user
disengagement in the selection process are addressed by ERP:
Nominated in error:
Problem Description:
When an ERP system isn't tailored to an organization's requirements, problems can arise. Issues
could include a mismatch between organizational procedures and the capabilities of the ERP system, as
well as holes in functionality and inefficiencies.
Inadequate choice can result in higher development costs, longer development times, and dissatisfied
users with unsatisfactory systems.
A solution for ERP:
ERP organizes the choosing procedure to reduce mistakes. By carefully analyzing their needs
and the available ERP choices, organizations may make well-informed decisions that align with their
company objectives. ERP frameworks offer thorough assessment standards to ensure the system meets
corporate requirements (Kenge and Khan, 2020).
Selection made devoid of user input:

Problem:
User participation is necessary for the adoption and deployment of new systems. Should clients
be left out of the selecting process, their requirements, inclinations, and difficulties can be overlooked.
Inaction can result in problems with process integration, low user adoption, and resistance.
Result:
Users may not need to intervene in order for the ERP system and end users to disconnect. The
new system may be difficult for users to adjust to, which would lower output and project success.
ERP system:
ERP solutions prioritize user involvement throughout implementation to address problems with
user interaction. ERP frameworks promote user involvement in decision-making, feedback, and
problem-solving. With this cooperative strategy, user adoption, system transfer, and ERP
implementation success increase.
Making strategic dec...


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Just what I needed…Fantastic!

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