Question #1 should be one paragraphs
Much has been written about the Institution of Slavery as practiced in the southern United
States prior to 1865. In Supplemental Readings 13-6 and 13-7, we see two sides of the
discussion. One is a condemnation of slavery by former slaves, and one is a famous defense
of slavery by George Fitzhugh.
Is it possible to reconcile these two very different views of slavery? Put another way, is there
justification for one or both views of the institution.
Questions #2 is a short essay - should be in a range of 300 to 450 words.
In an agricultural society, the family is a unit of production, in that each family member
had a role, and the family raised, grew, or made most of what the family needed. However,
as more and more Americans moved to urban areas and began to work for a wage, the role
of the family changed. The family became a unit of consumption, and the expectations of
Middle Class family members changed.
How did the rise of the Middle Class in ante-bellum northern states bring about changes in
the lives of Middle Class family members, and the expectations of each member of the family?
In these two chapters, we will look at a developing United States, although it will appear
that we are looking at two nations in one. The northern United States will be a mix of
farms, cities, and manufacturing based upon free labor. The southern United States will
become a cotton kingdom based upon slave labor. Specifically, we will look at:
➢ Urban growth in the North
➢ Immigration in the North, primarily from the British Isles
➢ The rise of Nativism
➢ The Importance of early canals
➢ The mush greater importance of the nation’s early railroads
➢ Communication changes, including the telegraph and the rise of the city press
➢ The rise of factory-style manufacturing in the North. and the rise of the corporation
➢ The changing workforce, from farms youths to immigrants
➢ The rise of the Middle Class—and growing disparities of wealth in urban areas
➢ The rise of a Middle Class mentality and the role that the “cult of domesticity” has
on family life and gender roles
➢ The prosperity of northern farms and the rise of commercial agriculture
➢ The growing importance of cotton in the southern economy, and the fact that the
South will become primarily a provider of raw cotton to industrialized sectors.
➢ The southern way of life—was it genteel?
➢ Poverty in the South among white farmers
➢ Slavery as an institution: How was it perceived by slaves and slave masters
➢ The slave trade
➢ Slave resistance and insurrection
➢ The culture of slavery: What was new and what came from the African experience?
➢ The Slave family
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