Complete the assignment using the table format provided below. Except for titles, narrative format is expected with complete sentences.

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Build on Assignment #1 (Tobacco dependency threatens the lives of many American and poses a preventable burden to the health care system). You will cover the same health problem and the same policy unless I state otherwise. Some remedial action on Assignment #1 may be required for students to proceed to Assignment #2. Complete the assignment using the table format provided below. Except for titles, narrative format is expected with complete sentences. The table should be single spaced and a maximum of three (3) pages. Also include a cover page and a reference page in APA Format (these do not count toward the page limit).

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Running head: HEALTH PROBLEM IN THE US The Health problem in the US Name: Course: Date: 1 HEALTH PROBLEM IN THE US 2 HGMT 310 Assignment #1 Student Name: Name: Sara Soliman Assignment #1 Title: Tobacco use has remained to pose a lot of health hazards to Tobacco dependency individuals who smoke actively and those who passively smoke. threatens the lives of Tobacco contains chemicals that are addictive such as nicotine and other chemicals that cause damage to the respiratory system. many American and poses a preventable Continued consumption of tobacco products more so cigarette leads burden to the health to chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases such emphysema and bronchitis that are expensive to treat. In the U.S the government has care system enacted rule and regulations to reduce the consumption and also to discourage the public from consuming tobacco. The government have raised the taxes on the tobacco products and also illegalized the smoking in public. This way the government has managed to reduce the number of victims affected and also limited the number of individuals who purchase the products. The federal laws do not allow importation of tobacco and hence it is able to curb the supply of the products (US Department of Health and Human Services, 2014). Health Problem: Tobacco use results in serious health implication. However, the extent Tobacco use causes of the damage depends on the period to which an individual is exposed chronic obstructive to the use of tobacco. Among the health problems is addiction where pulmonary diseases the victim is unable to stop smoking despite having noted the adverse and addiction. effect of smoking on his/her health. Prolong exposure to smoking results in the development of chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases (COPD) where they encounter time to time collapsing of their respiratory system. Such problems as COPD causes a lot of pain to patients and curing it is not possible. The disease itself is a problem to the whole society raging from the individual victim to the larger society (Wikström, 2010). Beside heavy investment done to curb and reduce the usage of tobacco in the united states’ soil, it has remained a problem in sustaining the HEALTH PROBLEM IN THE US 3 outcomes of the usage. To the practitioners, they have encountered challenges when handling patients due to the pains they undergo. The effects of tobacco usage are felt in the economy as it kills over 5 million people yearly reducing the labor force in the economy. This consequently reduces the government revenue and the overall income of the state. Healthy People 2020: The healthy people 2020 has identified tobacco use as one of the factors exposing the general public to unhealthy conditions. Notably, the organization has identified problems such as heart failure, respiratory system diseases such as asthma, COPD, emphysema, a cancerous growth in the pulmonary system. Also, the use of tobacco complicates the reproduction system leading to premature births underweight births and other reproductive-related issues. Also, tobacco use affects the passive smokers causing some respirator disorders asthma and even body degeneration of both the active and passive smoker (Bell, 2010). In an attempt to reduce the tobacco consumption, the healthy people 2020 has set the framework that helps address the problems arising from the use of the substance. To begin with, the organization has sought to increase the prices of tobacco products to reduce affordability discouraging the youths from purchasing them. Policies have been set up to govern the way individuals smoking and to reduce the chances of passive smoking where smoking is restricted in areas near the public (Wikström, 2010). The program seeks to extend their funding to organizations that seek to control the tobacco use. Lastly, the healthy people 2020 in towards achieving a healthy society has reduced the advertising rate of tobacco products. All these issues support the goals and objectives of the healthy people 2020 towards reducing both active and passive smoking of tobacco consequently reducing the death rates. HEALTH PROBLEM IN THE US 4 Besides the roles healthy people 2020 play in controlling the tobacco use, the government has enacted rules and regulations that discourages tobacco business such as high taxation of tobacco and banning of importation of tobacco products. Official Title and The federal government has enacted laws and bills that aims at Citation of the controlling and protecting the general public from the use tobacco. For legislation example, in 2009 a bill was passed with the tittle family smoking prevention and tobacco control act 2009. HEALTH PROBLEM IN THE US Status: 5 The government has managed to address the issue of tobacco consumption although it has not clinched its target of zero tobacco use. In my opinion, the U.S status is at this stage as it has not fully addressed the imports of tobacco products and also the public awareness on the effects of tobacco is not effective. Also, it requires investing more in public health services to help addicts regain their situation (Jamal, 2015). Analysis of the At the time when the legislation was made, the main agenda was to public policy curb the high rate of tobacco and its related products use. In its attempt, response: the government planned to achieve this through the import of tobacco reduction and even taxing highly the tobacco products that could help reduce both active and passive use of tobacco in families (Moyer, 2014). Conclusion: The public health policy does not address the tobacco adequately. Despite the heavy investment made towards the control public awareness programs, heavy taxation of tobacco and cessation of importation of tobacco the health policy is ineffective in helping the victims. For successful management of the problem, the health facilities should have adequate tools and practitioners to educate the victims on key ways they can withdraw from the tobacco use. Strategies should be put in place to ensure that the general public is educated on the long-term harmful effects of the use of tobacco on the individual health (Wikström, 2010). The public health policy does not address the tobacco adequately. Despite the heavy investment made towards the control public awareness programs, heavy taxation of tobacco and cessation of importation of tobacco the health policy is ineffective in helping the victims. For successful management of the problem, the health facilities should have adequate tools and practitioners to educate the victims on key ways they can withdraw from the tobacco use. Strategies should be put in place to ensure that HEALTH PROBLEM IN THE US 6 the general public is educated on the long-term harmful effects of the use of tobacco on the individual health. Resources for Tracking of the legislation and new laws in the health organization is Updates: important to ensure they are up-to-date with the new laws. Updates can be accessed through parliament websites or even from the relevant groups of industrial laws and also through the government gazette. HEALTH PROBLEM IN THE US 7 References US Department of Health and Human Services. (2014). The health consequences of smoking—50 years of progress: a report of the Surgeon General. Atlanta, GA: US Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Office on Smoking and Health, 17. Bell, K., Salmon, A., Bowers, M., Bell, J., & McCullough, L. (2010). Smoking, stigma and tobacco ‘denormalization’: Further reflections on the use of stigma as a public health tool. A commentary on Social Science & Medicine's Stigma, Prejudice, Discrimination and Health Special Issue (67: 3). Social science & medicine, 70(6), 795-799. Jamal, A., Homa, D. M., O’Connor, E., Babb, S. D., Caraballo, R. S., Singh, T., & King, B. A. (2015). Current cigarette smoking among adults—United States, 2005– 2014. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep, 64(44), 1233-1240. Moyer, V. A. (2014). Screening for lung cancer: US Preventive Services Task Force recommendation statement. Annals of internal medicine, 160(5), 330-338. Wikström, A. K., Stephansson, O., & Cnattingius, S. (2010). Tobacco use during pregnancy and preeclampsia risk: effects of cigarette smoking and snuff. Hypertension, 55(5), 1254-1259. HGMT 310 Assignment #2 Student Name: Type your name here. Assignment #2 Title: Provide a short name of your assignment submission and official title of the federal legislation. Identify the federal (or state agency if the federal law places responsibility on the states) and subunit (such as a department, bureau or office) responsible for implementing the policy. If multiple agencies are involved, indicate the roles and responsibilities of each. Implementation: Describe how the legislation is implemented (how it is put into effect)? Are local public health departments involved? Are collaborating organizations engaged to achieve the aims of the policy? Are citizens involved? Are health provider organizations involved? Are grants awarded? What federal (or state agency if the federal law places responsibility on the states) is responsible for enforcement? If multiple agencies are involved, indicate the roles and responsibilities of each. Enforcement: What are the key areas for enforcement? How will compliance be measured, if at all? What penalties will be assessed, if any? Impact on Health Care Organizations: What should a Health Care Administrator know about this legislation and its related implementation? What would the Administrator need to do to ensure compliance with the law? Include five bullets of how this legislation impacts health care organizations operating in your home state. Resource(s): What resource(s) would a health care organization utilize to find updates regarding the impact this policy has on them? Build on Assignment #1. You will cover the same health problem and the same policy unless I state otherwise. Some remedial action on Assignment #1 may be required for students to proceed to Assignment #2. Complete the assignment using the table format provided below. Except for titles, narrative format is expected with complete sentences. The table should be single sp aced and a maximum of three (3) pages. Also include a cover page and a reference page in APA Format (the se do not count toward the page limit). Criteria Critical Thinking/Reasoning Outstanding 35 points demonstrates a high degree of critical thinking, is consistent in accurately interpreting questions & material; provides solid assumptions, reasoning & claims; provides thorough analysis & evaluation with sound conclusions Superior 31.5 points 24.5 points Below Standard 21 points shows good critical thinking; accurately interprets most questions & material; usually identifies relevant arguments/reasoning/claims; offers good analysis & evaluation with fairly sound conclusions shows occasional critical thinking; questions & material is at times accurately interpreted; arguments/reasoning/claims are occasionally explained; offers fair analysis & evaluation with a conclusion shows little critical thinking, misinterprets questions or material; ignores or superficially evaluates; justifies little and seldom explains reasoning; draws unwarranted conclusions 31.5 points 24.5 points 21 points arguments or positions are mostly supported by evidence from the readings and course content; ideas presented demonstrate student’s arguments are more often based on opinion or unclear views than on position grounded in the readings of material or external sources of material arguments are frequently illogical and unsubstantiated; student may resort to ad hominem attacks on the author instead of making 35 points arguments or positions are well-supported with Application of Concepts/Development evidence from the readings/experience; ideas go beyond the course material and recognize implications and Good extensions of the material and concepts understanding of the material and concepts meaningful application o the material 9 points 15 points Attention to Instructions 13.5 points demonstrated full demonstrated understanding of understanding of requirements; missed one minor requirements; responded to aspect of assignment each aspect of assignment 10.5 points demonstrated some understanding of requirements; missed a key element or two minor aspects of assignment failed to show a firm understanding of requirements; missed tw key elements or several minor aspects of assignment 10.5 points 15 points 9 points 13.5 points Clarity; grammar & APA Overall Score writing is clear and easy to follow; grammar and spelling are all correct; formatting gives a professional look and adds to readability, no APA style errors wordy; some points require rereading to understand fully; most ideas are presented clearly; more than an occasional spelling occasional spelling and/or and/or grammar, attempts in-text grammar issues, attempts in-text citation and reference list; APA citation and reference list but 1 style errors are present; or 2 APA style errors are present inconsistencies in citation usage can be found throughout the document unclear and difficult to understand; frequent spelling and grammar issues, attempts either in text citation or reference list but omits the other Outstanding 100 or more Superior 90 or more Below Standard 60 or more Good 70 or more
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