Defend or Refute essay.
Writing the introduction, Start with a background statement. This will set the stage.
Body Paragraph #1:
You have a set of facts. In this case, . So, start with a simple topic sentence that reflects the category you’ve given to the bucket. And then you write down your facts. Note how all the facts you have support that topic sentence; and the topic sentence serves to prove your thesis statement.
Body Paragraph #2:
You are showing how nuanced your understanding of the issue is, so start your second paragraph
with a topic sentence that contradicts or elaborates on Body Paragraph #1.
Writing the Conclusion
Your conclusion need not be elaborate. In this case, however, I would go back to the original prompt
, and emphasize the ambiguity of your answer. The initial statement is neither absolutely true nor absolutely false, and your essay explains why.
Every essay you will ever write, no matter what the prompt, can be reduced to a “defend or refute
the following statement” format. Sometimes, you have to come up with the statement to defend or
refute; but you are always arguing a position when you write an essay. The very best essays are the
ones that argue a clear position by demonstrating not only why that position is correct, but why
alternative perspectives are incorrect.