Week 7: Case Study: Mikhail Gorbachev's 1988 UN Speech
If the pace of improving US-Soviet relations seemed rapid, Mikhail Gorbachev's speech to the United Nations General Assembly would shift the process into overdrive. In this remarkable oration, which you can find by clicking on the link below,Gorbachev emphatically declared that all nations must have the freedom to choose their own destiny, that ideology had no place in foreign affairs, and that great powers should renounce the use of force in international relations. Review his speech and answer the following questions in a 2-3 page essay. Please include a title page and do not number your paragraphs or include headers or these questions in your response:
http://astro.temple.edu/~rimmerma/gorbachev_speech_to_UN.htm (Links to an external site.)
- Why did Gorbachev choose the United Nations as his forum for this speech?
- What did Gorbachev mean by "de-ideologizing relations among states? What implications did this have for superpower relations?
- Why did he say that "force no longer can...be an instrument of foreign policy"? What implications did this have for the Soviet bloc?
- What did he foresee as the future role of the superpowers in the world and the future relationship between them?
Please note that all of the information you need to complete the assignment can be found in the article at this web site. It is not necessary to do any further research. See the grading rubric in the Documents folder under Files for more information.
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Explanation & Answer
Running head: GORBACHEV’S SPEECH
Gorbachev’s decision to choose the United Nation was a unique step which immensely
worked to ensure that the message he harbored was well delivered. In the forum, all the leaders
of the world would hear his voice given the fact he aimed to leave a positive, and a long-lasting
impression among the world leaders. In addition, the forum was a very crucial place where he
could show the leaders from all over the world that the Soviet Union was willing to engage in
business not only with the Western world, but with the nations all over the world. Furthermore,
the United Nation was the place where the political representative resided, and thus this was the
best forum for creating a working relationship with the United States.
In his speech, Gorbachev ha...