1) Toluene diisocyanate (TDI) is an organic compound with the formula CH3C6H3(NCO)2. Two of the six possible isomers are commercially important: 2,4-TDI (CAS: 584-84-9) and 2,6-TDI (CAS: 91-08-7). 2,4-TDI is produced in the pure state, but TDI is often marketed as 80/20 and 65/35 mixtures of the 2,4 and 2,6 isomers respectively. It is produced on a large scale, accounting for 34.1% of the global isocyanate market in 2000, second only to MDI. Approximately 1.4 billion kilograms were produced in 2000.[
2,4-TDI is prepared in three steps from toluene, which is doubly nitrated with nitric acid to give dinitrotoluene. This step determines the isomer ratio of the ultimate TDI. Hydrogenation of the dinitrotoluene produces the corresponding isomers of diaminotoluene (TDA). Finally, the TDA is subjected to phosgenation, i.e. treatment with phosgene to form TDI. This final step produces HCl as a byproduct and is a major source of industrial hydrochloric acid.
HENCE THE NAME AS IT IS PREPARED FROM TOULENE AND IS DOUBLY NITRATED ETC.
Distillation of the crude TDI mixture produces an 80:20 mixture of 2,4-TDI and 2,6-TDI, known as TDI (80/20). Differentiation or separation of the TDI (80/20) can be used to produce pure 2,4-TDI and a 65:35 mixture of 2,4-TDI and 2,6-TDI, known as TDI (65/35).
2) The melting point if polyurethane is 240 degrees Celsius.
The melting point if polyurethane is 240 degrees Celsius. The processing temperature must be 227 - 260 degrees Celsius. The molding pressure is 69 - 138 MPa.
3)Why is the melting point of sugar low.
This is a great chemistry question. I hope you are interested in studying chemistry! First sugar melts at 146 degrees Celsius (or about 295 degrees Fahrenheit). I
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