April 17, 2018
Gulliver's Travels and Candide by Voltaire are typical literatures that occurred during the
Age of Reason. Both narrators use satire to depict a dystopian society which is dysfunctional
and characterized by the suffering of people. The narrators of these works have several
similarities; for instance the both criticize human weakness. Furthermore, there are a lot of
differences between these two works. Gulliver's Travels by Swift has endlessly criticized the
human race. There is little or no instance where Swift has said virtuous qualities of the human
race. For example, humans are compared to yahoos – creatures that the main character hates the
most. Swift uses these creatures to satirize bad behaviors and characters of the human race. On
the other hand, Candide by Voltaire describes sad themes using criticism and jokes. The work
itself depicts a clear outlook on life through the narrator's satirical tone.
Both narrators display the vices of human beings in their works. Gulliver admits that
humans are like the yahoos after he did some comparisons between the yahoos and humans.
These vices are also exposed in Candide when Voltaire tells a narrative of the adventures of
Candide. The narrator describes Candide adventures and bizarre circumstances, he encounters.
The narrator uses satire to show how human beings are corrupt. These two works incorporate
philosophy thinking, which is passion against reason. They also question the human nature.
Furthermore, these two narrators compare the real world that is full of evils with an
inexistence society that is imagined; the gold city Eldorado and horse society Houyhnhnm. The
civilization of the societies imagined is more rational for the human worl...