Running Head: ERADICATION OF MALARIA CAMPAIGN
Eradication of Malaria Campaign
Name of Student
ERADICATION OF MALARIA CAMPAIGN
Malaria is a disease that is caused by the protozoan parasites of the genus Plasmodium species.
The plasmodium is a member of the Apicomplexa family. Four main species commonly infect
man. They include Plasmodium falciparum, Plasmodium vivax, Plasmodium ovale and
Plasmodium malaria. Plasmodium falciparum is the most important species as it is responsible
for 50% of all malaria cases worldwide and nearly all morbidity and mortality from severe
malaria. It is mainly found in the tropical and subtropical areas of the world. Plasmodium vivax
is the malaria parasite with the widest geographical distribution. It is seen in tropical and
subtropical areas but rare in Africa. It is estimated to cause 43% of all malaria cases in the
world. Plasmodium ovale is relatively rarely encountered and is primarily seen in tropical
Africa, especially the west coast but has been recently reported in South America and Asia.
Plasmodium malariae is responsible for only 7% of malaria cases and mainly occurs in the
subtropical climates of the world. The Plasmodium parasites are non-motile protozoa. Research
done recently gave the following epidemiology. That 40% of the world's population lives in
endemic areas. 3-500 million cases are reported per year, and it is estimated that malaria causes
1.5-2.9 million deaths in the world each year. 90 % of these deaths have been reported in Africa.
A female Anopheles mosquito transmits malaria. Factors...