Multiple choice Anthropology questions

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Science

Intro to Anthropology

Los Angeles Valley College

Description

Q1, Australopithecus afarensis has the following characteristic(s):

short arms, reflecting their tool-making ability;

None of these.

long ilium like a chimp’s

All of these

An s-shaped vertebral column.

Q2. Among the attributes of chimpanzees that separate them from humans is (are)

the presence of a diastema to fit the large canine tooth into from the opposite jaw—which humans do not have;

None of these

All of these

primarily knuckle walking rather than bipedal walking

a bow-shaped rather than an S-curved vertebral column

Q3, Bonobos, as compared with chimpanzees

solve their tensions by erotic means,

All of these.

tend to establish their dominance hierarchies around females with their eldest sons;

appear to be less aggressive—so far as is known,

None of these

Humans belong to

Q4, All of these

the superfamily Hominoidea,

None of these

The order Primata

the tribe Hominini,

Q5, The wrist bones of the hands are known as

humerus

carpals

Ulna

metacarpals,

Q6. ibbons (a) are members of the family Hylobatidae, (b) comprise several species of lesser apes, (c) have little sexual dimorphism, (d) all of these, (e) none of these.

All of these.

are members of the family Hylobatidae,

have little sexual dimorphism, (

comprise several species of lesser apes,

None of these.

Q7. The main difference(s) between New World monkeys and Old World monkeys is (are) tha

All of these.

Nne of these

Old World monkey have flat noses with wide septums

New World monkey tend to have downward-angled noses with narrow septums,

Old wold monkeys can either be f grond or tree dwellers.

Q8 Adenine is

All of these

Noneof these

Adenine likds up with thymine in DNA

Adenine links up with uracil in RNA

Adenine is one of four bases in DNA

Q9. Hominins

All of these

today are represented by one living species only

ave a greater capacity for tool use compared with other living hominoids,

None of these

compared to pongids and other hominids have larger brains,

Q10. A misnomer (naming error) in Darwin’s The Origin of Species lies in the fact that the actual origin of species that he doesn’t cover is (are)

Principles of genetics

All of these

changes in the positions of DNA nucleotides

mutation

None of these

Q11. Among the attributes that humans have compared with chimpanzees is (are)

an arched foot

no opposable toe,

full bipedal stance and walking

None of these

All of these

Q12. A chromosome is

consists of a paired string of chromotids,

replicates itself when the cell undergoes mitosis,

All of these

None of these

identical to DNA, plus protein

Q13. Compared to baboons, chimpanzees are

All of these.

better able to use tools, such as fishing for termites

None of these

more rigidly hierarchical

better able to use tools, such as fishing for termites

Q14 Genes are

None of these

Genes are (a) something that Levi-Strauss invented years ago;

A [aored set pf alleles

the same thing as chromosomes, only longe

All of these

Q15. Mutations

are usually deleterious,

may lead to newly adaptive phenotype

None of these

are changes in the DNA code, (

All of these

Q16. Biological anthropology covers

none of these.

fossil hominins

genetics

vontmpotsty btrrfinh populsyiond

All of these

Q17. The idea that all geological processes (erosion, weathering of rocks, etc) occur at the same rate as they do now unless there is reason to believe the contrary is

was formulated by Charles Lyell,

was formulated by Charles Lyell,

uniformitarianism

is opposite of the notion of catastrophism,

All of these

Q18. Broca’s area

All of these

is located in the left hemisphere of the brain

governs speech production

is an important component for the human capacity for language,

None of these

Q19. DNA is

is shorthand for deoxyribonucleic acid,

sets the genetic code for cells and all living things,

consists of a double helix comprising complex sugar molecules, phosphates, and bases,

Is identical to chromosomes plus proteins

All of these

Q20. Hominoids

None of these

includrs New World monkeyhs

include Old World monkeys,

include apes only

include apes and humans

Q21. A nucleotide consists of

a complex suger molecule.

a phosphate

None of these

All of these

a base

Q22. Ardipithecus ramidus contains one or more of the following features

No features of a knuckle walker

a foot with an opposable toe

None of these

It lacks a large canine and diastrems

All of these

Q23. Prognathism is

None of these

All ot hese

May be an indicator of human evolution

shared by chimpanzees and gorillas,

a jutting jaw,

Q24. A nucleotide comprises the following

all of these

a base

none of thest

ribosome

mitopchondria

One thing that all primates have in common is (are)

Large brain to body ratio compared to other mammals

All of these.

9. One thing that all primates have in common are (a) eyes angled to the side, (b) a highly developed sense of smell, (c) large brains compared to other mammals, (d) all of these, (e) none of these.

None of these.

a highly developed sense of smell

Q26 Discuss the process of protein synthesis as presented in lectures, videotapes, and text

Q27. 1. What kingdom, subphylum, order, and family do we belong to? What are the main characteristics we possess?

2. Is evolution taking place today, under our very noses? Explain,.

3. Describe and explain three advantages of bipedalism from the standpoint of human material culture

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