Scientific Project: Methods Learning Objectives:

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UCLA

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Scientific Project: Methods Learning Objectives:

1) Identify the common components of the methods section of scientific research. 2) Explain how to test a scientific hypothesis.
3) Create step-by-step instructions on how to perform the self-experiment.

Instructions:

For this section of your scientific project, you are expected to write a detailed description of the steps you will take to test your hypothesis and perform your self-experiment. Remember to be as detailed as possible.

For example, if your dependent variable is heart rate, how will it be measured? Will you use a Fitbit or Apple watch? Will you take it the old-fashioned way (count your heartbeats)? If you are counting your heartbeats, will you be counting beats over 15 seconds and multiplying by 4? Will you count heartbeats over the whole minute?

The more detailed you are about the process, the better.

Please use the following 4 subheadings to receive full credit:

1) Hypothesis

• Restate (in one single sentence) your hypothesis to clearly identify your independent and dependent variables.

2) Participants

  • This will be about YOU, since you will be the only participant in your experiment. Identify demographics that you feel are important to the experiment (female, 18 years old, full-time college student, student athlete, moderately active, vegetarian, family history of heart disease, etc.) It is not necessary to identify every personal descriptor – just those that you feel are pertinent to your study.
  • You are the only participant, therefore you will not remain anonymous like participants would in typical scientific research. Because of this, you are not required to share personal information that you do not wish to disclose. If there is personal data you feel is pertinent to your experiment that you do not want to disclose, you must state so explicitly (“For the confidentiality of the participant, ____ and ____ demographic data has not been disclosed”). 3) Materials

• What equipment will you need? Include every material you will need to complete your experiment. You should specify brand whenever possible; e.g. Bowflex elliptical

4) Procedures

  • Create exact step-by-step instructions you will follow to complete your experiment (must be written in paragraph form- not as a list).
  • Must include testing intervals- how long will the study last? How frequently will you collect data? Will you collect data before and after your intervention?
  • Remember, this experiment must be quantitative in nature, meaning all data collected can be represented by a numerical value.

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Rubric: Mechanical review: In order for the paper to be graded, it must meet the following criteria: 1) The assignment was completed and submitted on time. Descriptor Superior Good Poor Unacceptable Points 5 3 1 0 Total Criterion 1: Validity The methods will appropriately test what is intended, as outlined by the hypothesis. The methods may test what is intended, as outlined by the hypothesis. The methods only relate to one variable, and thus it is unlikely that they will test what is intended. The methods do not relate to either variable stated in the hypothesis, or the hypothesis was not listed. Criterion 2: Participants Pertinent participant information is clearly outlined (at least 3). Some pertinent participant information is outlined (2). There is very little information regarding participant (1) There is no description of participant included, or student is not the sole participant in this experiment. Criterion 3: Materials All necessary materials are clearly outlined and identified by brand. All necessary materials are clearly outlined, but are not identified by brand. Some necessary materials are missing from the methods. No materials are identified. Criterion 4: Procedures The procedures are very clear, and all aspects of the methods would be easily replicated. The procedures are somewhat clear, and most aspects of the methods would be easily replicated. The procedures are vague, and the methods would be difficult to replicate. The methods are not replicable based on the information given. Criterion 5: Quantitative Experiment The proposed The experiment experiment is may be clearly quantitative quantitative, but it in nature. is unclear. The proposed experiment is clearly qualitative in nature. Not enough information to determine nature of the experiment. Criterion 6: Formatting Complete sentences and paragraphs are used; appropriate subheadings are used throughout the document. Complete sentences are used; some sections are not written as paragraphs; some subheadings are included in the document. Complete sentences are used; most sections are not written in paragraphs; there are no subheadings included. Methods are not written in complete sentences; lists are used in every section. Total Possible: 30
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