Health Professions Education
Yousef Ali Alotaibi
Assignment 3: Literature Search
May 27, 2017
For the purposes of this literature search, I have searched the internet to
find website that are reliable and can be used as a resource. My research will
focus on the bipolar disorder in children. In addition to how they can treat it.
This research will provide a general information of bipolar disorder. Then,
bipolar disorder in children and teen, and finally how it can be treated.
Firstly, bipolar disorder can be defined as a brain disorder that causes
unusual clear changes in mood, energy, activity levels, and the ability to carry
out day-to-day tasks. Bipolar disorder has another name which is manicdepressive illness. Bipolar disorder types involve shifts in mood, energy, and
activity levels, and may differ in the duration of the episodes. It can be divided
into four basic types, which is Bipolar disorder I, bipolar disorder II,
Cyclothymic Disorder (also known as cyclothymia), and Other Specified and
Unspecified Bipolar and Related Disorders.
Secondly, bipolar disorder commonly develops in older teenagers and
young adults. Although, it can develop in children as young as six. Some
experts think it is rare and being over diagnosed; others believe it is the
opposite. Currently, it is hard say how common it is. So, it is important not to
jump to any conclusion, if your child is diagnosed with bipolar disorder, and
Make sure you are comfortable with your child's health care provider.
Diagnosing bipolar disorder in young children is difficult, because many of the
symptoms are similar to those of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder or
conduct disorders or even just normal child behavior. Therefore, it is dangerous
to jump to conclusions, because the medications that are used for ADHD are
often stimulants of bipolar disorder, which can potentially trigger mania in
children with bipolar disorder. In manic phase, young children might be more
irritable than adults. They might complain of physical symptoms, and that more
likely to occur during depressive episode.
Finally, treatment helps many people to control their mood shifts and
other bipolar symptoms better. An effective treatment plan usually includes a
combination of medication and 'talk therapy'. There are different types of
medications that can help in controlling symptoms of bipolar disorder. Each
person has different medications that work best with him. Medications that are
generally used to treat bipolar disorder include: mood stabilizers, atypical
antipsychotics, and antidepressants.
In conclusion, before taking any medication you should talk to a doctor or
a pharmacist to understand the risks and benefits of the medication. there are a
lot things that you can do to keep your child well as the parent of a child with
bipolar disorder. For example, talk to your child's teachers, because he might
need special allowances at school
1. NIMH » Bipolar Disorder [Internet]. Nimh.nih.gov. 2017 [cited 27 May 2017]. Available from:
2. Children and Teens With Bipolar Disorder [Internet]. WebMD. 2017 [cited 27 May 2017].
Available from: http://www.webmd.com/bipolar-disorder/guide/bipolar-children-teens#2
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