1. Attention Getter:
2. Central Idea:
3. Credibility Statement:
4. Preview of Points:
1. Main Point 1:
2. Main Point 1:
3. Main Point 1:
3. Tie to the Introduction:
4. Creative Conclusion Thought:
Title: Re-use it or lose it
Specific Purpose: To persuade my audience to use re-usable water bottles more often.
1. Introduction: Ask everyone to take out their water bottles.
a. Attention Getter: It’s 12:30pm in the afternoon and you’re thirsty as you can
ever be. You haven’t had a sip of water, so you’re quenching for that cold,
refreshing water to hit your throat. You go to the store, open up the freezer and
grab that 99 cent water bottle and enjoy your purchase.
b. Establishment of Ethos: According to Kamloops Daily News in British
Columbia October 20th, 2011, the water bottles in this room, right now as I speak,
will take over 1,000 years to decomposed or be renewed.(Daily News)) People all
over the world, including college students like us, open up water bottles, finished
them and just throw them away in the trash can. In fact, according the Container
Recycling Institute, the number of plastic bottles that have been landfilled, littered
and incinerated in the United States so far is about 106 billion strong and
counting. (CRI) Although we might think we’re doing our part by buying
“Greener” plastic containers or even recycling once in a while, It is clear that we
are not doing our part in sustaining our world, including myself.
c. Thematic Statement: As an alternative to drinking out of water bottles, we need
to further our transition from buying plastic water bottles to staying committed to
using reusable water containers and stop buying plastic water bottles.
d. Preview: So today, we will first discuss negative effects water bottles have on our
environment, secondly I will explain some potential solutions, and lastly look at
what others are doing around the world.
(Transition: Now let’s talk about some of the harms of plastic water bottles we face today.)
a. When drinking water bottles, 3 out of 4 of us directly throw it away after use.
i. This shows that we’re not taking the steps to properly recycle our
containers at recycling sites. (Reuseit)
b. Secondly, we’re being fooled with companies selling “Greener” plastic water
i. For those who do recycle plastic water bottles properly, they’re still ending
in landfills taking up space.
c. Thirdly, the water we’re drinking out of water bottles is just the same as tap water,
in fact, it might be worse.
i. In 2008, a group of scientists ran its own test of 10 different brands of
bottled water finding chemicals like arsenic (a poison), fecal coliform,
strontium, (a radioactive element), and 37 other chemicals.
ii. The tap water goes through regular testing making it safe to drink and
these water bottles do not.
iii. Recently, and we’re talking last week, the company "Aquafina" had the
abbreviated letters PWS stamped on the side. These letters stood for Public
Water Source, meaning tap water. One quarter of the bottled water sold in
the U.S. and Canada is actual tap water. (Daily News)
(Internal Summary: The evidence clearly shows that when drinking out of plastic water
bottle, we’re not quite thinking about the consequences to our actions.)
(Transition: Now that we’ve talked about some of the problems with using plastic water
bottles, we can pour ourselves a solution today.)
a. Going out and buying a reusable water container not only saves you some cash,
but we also do our part with avoiding the use of plastic water bottles and saving
our landfills and our Earth so much trash.
b. According to livestrong.com, most reusable water bottles cost $5 and 25.
i. Buying and using a reusable water bottle filled with tap water instead of
buying bottled water saves you money short and long term.
ii. In fact, greeniacs.com reports that bottled water can cost up to 10,000 as
much per gallon as tap water. (Livestrong)
c. We can fill these reusable water bottles with tap water rather than bottled or
i. The Environmental Protection Agency carefully regulates all tap water in
the United States.
ii. It’s perfectly safe to drink and it costs nothing to refill these reusable
bottles up. (Livestrong)
d. Also, when using a reusable water container, you help reduce the production of
bottled beverages and therefore the landfill and recycling burden of the bottles.
i. Not using plastic means no plastic in the landfills. (Livestrong)
(Internal Summary: With these ideas to keep in mind, we can still better our transition to
using reusable water bottles more.)
(Transition: Although using reusable water bottles have always been an option, what are
people doing to further solidify the use of them?)
a. Across the country, most recently in Minnesota, college campuses have imposed
bans on the sale of bottled water because of its redundancy when the availability
of tap water is considered. (http://www.lexisnexis.com.libproxy.csun.edu/
hottopics/lnacademic/?) (The News-Herald of Willoughby, Ohio)
i. They’re not prohibiting bans, rather they’re not selling plastic water bottles
in the schools and might be offering incentives to students using reusable
containers for water or coffee.
b. 800 restaurants and cafes nationwide that have agreed to give people with reusable
bottles free water refills.( http://www.lexisnexis.com.libproxy.csun.edu/hottopics/
lnacademic/?)( USA Today)
i. So instead of buying a drink or a water bottle at your fast-food restaurant,
we can fill up our reusable water bottles at the drinking fountains instead
and save money in the short and long term.
c. Schools like Penn State New Kensington have installing water bottle refilling
i. The new drinking fountains, known hydration stations, are expected to
decrease the use of plastic bottles, and alleviate the amount of trash that
winds up in landfills.
ii. Instead of purchasing bottles of water, they are encouraging students,
faculty and staff to bring refillable drinking containers to campus
iii.When a water bottle is placed under the dispenser, an electronic sensor
detects the bottle and chilled, filtered water fills the container.
iv. In addition, each water station includes a digital counter that displays how
many 16-ounce water bottles have been filled and saved from the landfill.
v. As of March 31, after three weeks of operation, the New Kensington
campus prevented the demise of nearly 3,200 disposable containers.
(http://www.nk.psu.edu/Information/News/43768.htm) (Penn State New
(Internal Summary: With many steps being taken by others to help avoid using plastic
water bottles, companies all over the United States are doing their part in going green.)
(Transition to conclusion: Now that I have offered fresh alternatives and a wider range of
support across the nation, we can do our part by purchasing a reusable water bottle today
and joining the movement.)
a. Summarize and Review taking action: When we use plastic water bottles, we’re
not taking the appropriate steps to recycle them and even when we do, billions of
plastic water bottles end up in landfills and take thousands of years to decompose
and be renewed. However, we still have a chance to better our world with using
reusable water bottles. Going out and buying a reusable water container not only
saves you some cash, but we also do our part with avoiding the use of plastic
water bottles and saving our landfills and our Earth so much trash. With support
from schools issuing bans and installing Hydration Stations, it’s becoming clearer
that this issue isn’t as hard to address than we think.
b. Tie to introduction: Hopefully next time when everyone here is thirsty, you will
reconsider buying plastic water bottles and fill up a reusable water bottle instead.
Let the water bottles you have today be the last for the day. Even avoiding buying
another water bottle in any given day makes a difference.
c. Creative Concluding thought: The change begins today. When you walk in a
store, ready to buy another 35 pack of plastic water bottles, just think that you
have water that’s equally good at your kitchen faucet, at no cost to you.
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