find the attached
SYMPHONIC PROGRAM MUSIC 1
ROMANTIC PERIOD ASSIGNMENT : ROMANTIC PERIOD
Instrumental music associated with a story, poem, idea, or scene, often found in
the romantic period.
Instrumental music that interprets a story, depicts a scene or painting, or illustrates a literary
or philosophical idea. The term was first used by Franz Liszt in the 19th century, when programme
music was especially popular with composers of Romantic music (see Romanticism), but there had
been a great deal of descriptive music before then. Examples include Antonio Vivaldi's Four
Seasonsconcertos (1725), Ludwig van Beethoven's Eroica and Pastoral symphonies (1803 and 1808),
Felix Mendelssohn's Hebrides Overture(‘Fingal's Cave’, 1830), and the symphonic poems of Liszt and
Narrative and descriptive music Liszt coined the phrase ‘programme music’ in the mid19th century, originally using it for music that is introduced by a ‘programme’ and expresses (rather
than describes) a poetic idea. Nowadays it is applied to any purely instrumental music based on a
literary, pictorial, historical, biographical, autobiographical, or any other extramusical subject, as
opposed to absolute music – music with a purely abstract meaning. The programmatic element can
be as vague as simply having a descriptive title given to it by the composer to set the mood, or a
SYMPHONIC PROGRAM MUSIC 2
much more detailed depiction of a scene or story. Often, however, it is impossible to tell the
difference between the depiction of a scene and the composer's reaction to it.
Early programme music Musical descriptions of actions and events have existed from the
earliest times. One of the first developments of real programme music came in Elizabethan England
15 Million Students Helped!
Sign up to view the full answer