Answer the question of History exam

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Exam #3 - History 100B*90 Professor Jarvis NAME: _______________ PART 1: Matching (15 points) Write the letter for the term that corresponds with the correct definition below. Not all terms will be used. 1____ the United States received claim to territory in much of the American southwest as a result of this 2____ a general term used to describe how anti-slavery advocates assisted fugitive slaves in escaping slavery in the southern states 3____ this ended slavery throughout all othe United States 4____ during the Second Great Awakening, this emerged as an attempt to limit the consumption of alcohol in the United States 5____ it ostensibly ended Reconstruction when Democrats agreed to support Republican Rutherford Hayes for president in exchange for the removal of federal troops from the South 6____ this term refers to laws passed in southern states during Reconstruction that aimed to maintain white control over former slaves 7____ an economic system in which poor black and white farmers gave a portion of their harvest to wealthy white landowners 8____ as part of the spending bill to pay for the war with Mexico, this declared that all territories acquired would be free of slavery 9____ this extended citizenship to all African Americans after the Civil War 10____ a plan supported by many white anti-slavery advocates to emancipate and relocate former slaves to places outside of the United States 11____ an attempt immediately after the Mexican War by federal politicians to maintain the tenuous balance between proand anti-slavery states in the Union 12____ federal legislation in 1854 that opened previously unorganized territories to settlement, allowing new residents to choose if the territory would permit slavery 13____ these people sought to punish the South and extend civil rights to African Americans after the Civil War 14____ this insurrection resulted in the deaths of dozens of people and created great fear among southern white slaveowners 15____ a political concept used before the Civil War to allow voters of a particular state or territory to choose if they wished to permit slavery a. b. c. d. e. f. g. h. i. j. k. l. m. n. o. p. q. r. s. t. Underground Railroad Second Middle Passage Nat Turner’s Rebellion temperance movement American Colonization Society Bargain of 1877 Mexican War Wilmot Proviso Compromise of 1850 popular sovereignty Kansas-Nebraska Act Dred Scott v. Sandford Radical Republicans Wade-Davis Bill sharecropping 13th Amendment 14th Amendment 15th Amendment Black Codes Emancipation Proclamation PART 2: Multiple Choice (25 points) Circle (or mark) the best answer for each of the following questions or statements. 16. Which of the following best characterizes the South in the antebellum period? a. It was a place dominated by diverse agriculture, such as the farming of wheat, corn, and hemp. b. It was place that had been dominated by agriculture but was now rapidly industrializing. c. It was a place of great wealth but also of tremendous wealth disparity between planters and poor whites and blacks. d. It was a place of relative economic equality considering that agriculture dominated and there were few factories and wealthy industrialists. 17. Delegates to the 1848 Seneca Falls Convention released a Declaration of Sentiments that basically a. called for the immediate end of slavery. b. urged South Carolina and other slave-holding states to secede from the Union. c. sought to find ways to limit alcohol consumption in the United States. d. condemned the entire structure of inequality between men and women. 18. How did an abolitionist differ from an anti-slavery advocate? a. the former opposed slavery but was willing to let it remain in the South whereas the latter wanted it to end immediately. b. the former opposed slavery vigorously whereas the latter was willing to let it continue as long as it did not enter his or her state. c. The former was not interested in slavery at all (the term refers to one seeking to limit the consumption of alcohol), and the latter opposed slavery. d. The former worked for the immediate end of slavery whereas the latter was more willing to compromise on the issue. 19. What was arguably the biggest problem facing the nation between 1820 and 1860? a. The expansion of slavery into the territories b. The extension of the charter for the Bank of the United States c. Irish immigration to the United States d. Partisan gridlock after the end of the Era of Good Feelings 20. The term “free labor” a. meant that workers were not compelled to work but chose to do so freely, unlike slaves, and it celebrated hard work, education, and independence. b. meant that slaves were not paid a wage and were, therefore, working for “free.” c. was used by slavery supporters to point out that northern industrialists overworked their laborers. d. was an expression that meant to justify the abolition of slavery by eliminating the competition for jobs between whites and blacks. 21. Slave families a. were rare because there were too few female slaves. b. were more common in the West Indies, where living conditions favored their formation and survival. c. were headed by women more frequently than were white families. d. usually were able to stay together because most slaveowners were paternalistic. 22. For the South in the 1830s, making the Texas territory part of the United States could potentially be most beneficial in what way? a. Texas would enter the Union as a slave state, perhaps even as several slave states. b. The United States would gain valuable oil reserves. c. It would serve as a barrier against attacks from Mexico, which was looking to protect claims to California and other western territories. d. Texas would be a place where politicians could finally test the concept of popular sovereignty. 23. Which of the following would be an example of “silent sabotage” or “passive resistance”? a. With other slaves, Denmark Vesey planned a rebellion. b. John Brown attacked a federal arsenal, hoping to start a war to end slavery. c. Nat Turner killed a white person during his rebellion. d. A slave on a large plantation slowed down the work pace. 24. In the South, the paternalist ethos a. reflected the hierarchical society in which the planter took responsibility for the lives of those around him. b. declined after the War of 1812 as southern society became more centered on market relations rather than on personal relations. c. brought southern society closer to northern ideals. d. encouraged southern women to become more active and better educated so that they could help their husbands in their paternal roles. 25. How did the Second Great Awakening influence American society? a. The movement led to most immigrants becoming Methodist and Baptist. b. It led to women’s suffrage by the time of the Civil War. c. It inspired some to combat the sins of society, such as alcoholism. d. The movement deemphasized self-control. 26. Like Indian removal and Manifest Destiny, the colonization of former slaves rested on the premise that America a. was fundamentally a white society. b. wanted what was in the best interest of all the people. c. provided opportunity for new land to those who desired it. d. was a land of diversity and equality. 27. What were two key provisions of the Compromise of 1850? a. California would enter the Union as a slave state and other territories acquired from Mexico could allow slavery if the residents voted for it (popular sovereignty) b. Slavery would be abolished in Washington, D.C. and Oregon would become a territory of the United States c. The Fugitive Slave Act was weakened by granting runaway slaves more protection and guaranteed them a lawyer in court d. Territory acquired from the Mexican-American War would use popular sovereignty to decide about slavery and the Fugitive Slave Law would be strengthened 28. In the late 1850s, a white slaveholder living in Mississippi most likely voted for candidates from which political party? a. Free Soil b. Democratic c. Whig d. Republican 29. The Dred Scott decision of the U.S. Supreme Court a. declared that Congress could not ban slavery from territories. b. endorsed the free soil policy of the Republicans. c. freed Dred and Harriet Scott. d. extended the Missouri Compromise line to California. 30. According to the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo, signed in 1848, the United States a. forfeited all claims to lands above the 54° 40’ line. b. gained from Britain the lands that would become Oregon and Washington c. gained California and New Mexico from the Republic of Mexico d. admitted Texas into the Union. 31. During the first two years of the war, Union forces were generally a. more successful in the West than in the East. b. successful in all regions in which the war took place. c. unable to take any territory held by the Confederates. d. more successful in the East than in the West. 32. Lincoln was hesitant to support abolition early in the war because he a. did not believe African-Americans could be productive American citizens. b. owned slaves himself. c. feared losing the support of the slaveholding border states within the Union. d. did not want to support the policies of his political opponents, the Radical Republicans. 33. The Emancipation Proclamation of January 1, 1863 a. was declared unconstitutional by the U.S. Supreme Court later that year. b. did not apply to the border slave states that had not seceded. c. freed slaves throughout the United States. d. was very popular with voters associated with the Democratic Party. 34. Colonel John Chivington is remembered for a. becoming a martyr when tortured and killed by Lakota (Sioux) warriors. b. leading the cavalry charge that turned back a Confederate assault at Shiloh during the Civil War. c. his surrender of the final Confederate army, officially ending the Civil War. d. leading an attack that killed more than 150 Indian men, women, and children. 35. In July 1863, the Union won two key victories that are often identified as turning points in the war. These victories occurred at a. Antietam and New Orleans b. Gettysburg and Vicksburg c. Saratoga and Yorktown d. Cold Harbor and Appomattox Court House 36. How did Lincoln’s chances of being re-elected look in the summer of 1864? a. Not good as many Northerners had grown tired of war b. Not good as it appeared the South very well might win the war at any time c. Fairly good as Northern support was largely behind him, although radical Republicans had grown tired of him d. Very good considering the Lee has surrendered and General Lee had taken Atlanta. 37. For most former slaves, freedom first and foremost meant a. railroad building. b. jobs. c. land ownership. d. voting. 38. The Freedmen’s Bureau a. won much southern white support because it consistently supported the planters in disputes with former slaves. b. made notable achievements in improving African-American education and health care. c. carried out a successful program of distributing land to every former slave family. d. enjoyed the strong support of President Andrew Johnson in its work on behalf of civil rights. 39. How did the Reconstruction amendments change the role of government? a. The state governments became the only entity that could award citizenship b. It set the stage for the federal government to be the protector of individual freedoms c. The Supreme Court’s role would be diminished d. The states gained protection from an overbearing national government 40. By examining Reconstruction from 1863 to 1877, what conclusion can be drawn? a. Equal rights for African-Americans continued to increase after 1877 b. With three different government plans, it was one of the most complex time periods in American political history c. It was a total failure and left no blueprint for the future d. Due to significant changes in the cotton plantation economy, the United States became a declining world power in regard to trade PART 3: Map Exercise (10 points) Write the letter for each location in the corresponding description below the map H G J C E F D A B 41____after a treaty with Great Britain, the region became a U.S. territory in 1848; American settlers flocked here 42____ the Compromise of 1850 ended the slave trade here, our nation’s capital. It was located between a slave state and a border state during the Civil War 43____ where most of the Civil War’s battles were fought; Lee surrendered here (his home state and the location of the Confederacy’s capital). 44____ area obtained from Mexico in 1848; the question of slavery here would have been answered through popular sovereignty 45____ Columnist John L. O’Sullivan argued that the annexation of this republic, formerly part of Mexico, had nothing to do with slavery 46____ discovery of gold here, in the Black Hills in 1874, angered the Lakota (western Sioux) 47____ controversial 1854 legislation aimed to organize this territory and allow the people there to vote on slavery 48____ the battle of Gettysburg was fought here, marking the farthest north a major Confederate army reached 49____ the state where Abraham Lincoln and Stephen Douglas called home (and where they debated in 1858) 50____ this entered the union as a free state in 1850, a year after the Gold Rush I PART 4: Short Answer Questions (50 points) Make space for yourself and answer the following questions. Use at least three examples to explain your answer. 51. What were three significant impacts of slavery upon African Americans? 52. Discuss three specific ways in which African-Americans from 1800-1877 challenged the institution of slavery or sought freedom for themselves. 53. Pick one side in the slavery debate (abolitionist, anti-slavery, or pro-slavery) and provide three specific arguments that people in the 19th century made to support that position. 54. Explain three ways in which the South was a unique American region in the decades before the Civil War. 55. In what ways was westward expansion beneficial or harmful for Americans? Choose one and explain three clear examples. 56. What would you say were the three most significant events that led the nation toward Civil War? Support your answer. 57. What were the three most significant turning points of the Civil War? Be sure to support your answer. 58. Would you say that Reconstruction was a success, or is it more accurate to depict it as a failure? Support your answer with at least three examples. 59. What were the three most significant events of the Reconstruction Era? Support your choices well. 60. FREE SPACE: Tell me three important things you learned in this course? (Try your best to connect them to the concept of freedom) ...
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