Interpretation of Common Diagnostic Labs in Pediatric Primary Care

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Question description

Assignment: Interpretation of Common Diagnostic Labs in Pediatric Primary Care

Nurse practitioners routinely order labs for a variety of reasons. Some labs are recommended as part of a certain wellness check. Some labs are tested at birth and repeated at regular intervals. Many labs are ordered to rule in or rule out a diagnosis or just to add to an objective data base along with physical examination, vital signs, image studies, etc. Some of the labs can be done at the point of care (POC) such as an Accu-Check®. Most all labs require a venous blood sample but may require different additives that are in the collection tube. Other samples include arterial blood, urine, sputum, spinal fluid, or exudate.

In Course Documents, you will find the “Unit 7 Assignment Template” that you will use to complete this Assignment. It is organized to include information about a common lab test that you will be completing in pediatric primary care. Please fill in the requested information. It is highly recommended that you keep this information with you during clinical as a reference.

Helpful tip: It is recommended that you keep all of your course work in a virtual (or physical, or both) portfolio for easy access in clinicals as well as future pediatric encounters.

Assignment Requirements

Before finalizing your work, you should:

  • be sure to read the Assignment description carefully (as displayed above);
  • consult the Grading Rubric (under Course Documents) to make sure you have included everything necessary; and
  • utilize spelling and grammar check to minimize errors.

Submit your Assignment to the unit Dropbox before midnight on the last day of the unit.

Tutor Answer

Fleming51
School: Carnegie Mellon University

Attached.

1
Running head. PRIMARY PEDIATRIC CARE

Primary pediatric care
Name
Institutional affiliation

2
Running head. PRIMARY PEDIATRIC CARE

Unit 7 Assignment Template
Common laboratory diagnostics in primary pediatric care settings.
Lab Test

Normal Range for pediatric patients

What does a High Level

What does a Low Level

Why would this test be

per age range

Indicate

Indicate

ordered? (give a minimum of
three)

BUN

Infant:4- 16 mg/dl

High level indicate acute renal

Low level indicate liver

To monitor the response to

Child: 5- 20 mg/dl

failure, dehydration,

failure, decreased muscle

dialysis

Adolescent ; 10-20 mg/dl

gastrointestinal bleeding, high

bulk, malnutrition and

Before starting or during the

protein diet and in cases of

increased fluid intake.

period of use of nephrotoxic

congestive heart failure

drugs
When renal failure is
suspected

Creatinine

Infant: 0.33 – 0.45 mg/dl

Indicates deranged renal

Indicate decreased muscle

When there are signs of

Child: 0.3-0.7 mg/dl

function

bulk

kidney disease

Adolescent: Male 0.6- 1.2mg/dl
Female; Same as child
levels

When one has other medical
conditions that may result in
renal disease such as cardiac
disease
When taking nephrotoxic
drugs such as gentamycin

Urine Analysis Dip Stick


pH

4.6- 8.0



3
Running head. PRIMARY PEDIATRIC...

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Review

Anonymous
Good stuff. Would use again.

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