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1 Germany after Second World War There are a lot of countries that have an interesting history, but perhaps the focus will be on Germany because of the prominence the country has played before, during and after the Second World War (Brakman, Garretsen & Schramm, 2004). What most people do not recall is that during the Second World War, Germany had been a country that had been under the leadership of Adolf Hitler under the Nazi Party, and this meant defeat was not a word that could be uttered without any repercussions. Why has Germany been one of the countries that has made great strides after the Second World War? Consequently, through augmented argument regarding Germany, there will be determination on why Germany has made great strides through inclusive events. There is a need to offer context by mentioning that Germany has always found itself on the wrong side of the wars because it had been blamed and punished punitively for what most countries felt was its role in starting of the war. It has been said that the unfair treatment that Germany and its allies received in the First World War only set the inevitable occurrence of a subsequent war. However, Germany and its Allied Powers would undergo the same treatment because they were defeated in the war that followed and it was devastating because Adolf Hitler did not have any post-war plans. The only prize that Germany had for its people after the war was the mourning of the millions that had lost their lives in the war, and the loss and destruction of property. In a speech that was given on May 8, 1945, by British Field Marshall Bernard Montgomery the German condition was described as ‘displaced Persons’ were roaming about the 2 country, often looting as they went. Transportation and communication services had ceased to function. Agriculture and industry were largely at a standstill. Food was scarce and there was a serious risk of famine and disease during the coming months. And to crown it all there was no central government in being, and the machinery whereby a central government could function no longer existed’ (Brakman et al., 2004). Such was the dire state of the nation such that there was an invented word in German called ‘Wirtschaftswunder’ which means ‘Economic Miracle’ which means that the country would only need an economic miracle to get out of the situation that it was in. it has been noted that there had not been any cities or country that had been so devastated by a war like the situation was in Germany. Unknown to most people, the German nation was divided into four by the Allied powers. The relationship that the allied powers shared with Russia deteriorated and Germany was the unfortunate victim in bearing the brunt of this position. Russia went ahead to form the Berlin Blockade which cut all access to the Berlin. It all meant that the relief services that the citizens of Germany were in dire need of would not reach them. However, the most important political and social impact of these actions was that they would sow seeds for the Cold War relations that would follow later. Berlin and Germany were used as bargaining chips by the world powers, and in 1961, the Berlin Wall would be erected as a symbolic representation of the division of Berlin and the ideological differences that the competing world powers were willing to apply on the country. The Berlin had up to 80% of its buildings destroyed by the bombings of the war and the reconstruction periods took a long time before they got underway, and this means that the people had to live with the destruction. 3 Some of the social problems that were not highlighted are the ‘Hunger Winter’ in which the British had allocated up to 700 calories of food for each individual, which is an amount below the starvation levels (Pronay & Wilson, 2005). It led to a situation in which most of the German citizens died out of hunger since the livestock and crops had been destroyed by the constant shelling and bombing during the war. Moving forward, on May 23, 1949, the Federal Republic of Germany was formed, and was also known as West Germany. It was built on the premise of the western model of democracy and economic development. It would take only five months before the Soviet Union occupying the Eastern Zone, and this would result in East Germany, though it was known as the German Democratic Republic. East Germany would be ruled by the socialist style of leadership (Geyer & Latham, 2007). On the economic front, the US Secretary of State George C. Marshal had an ideology of ‘European Recovery Program’ which would help control any totality in leadership and communism but most importantly, would help create a market for the US products. Following through with this plan, countries such as Great Britain, Italy and France would receive a lot of financial aid from the US, estimated at 13.2 billion dollars. In the modern society, this is seen as the foundations that led to the establishment of the European Union. In West Germany, there was the influx of ‘guest workers’ mainly from Italy as the country tried to build itself from the ruins that had been left behind after the war. It would be a fruitful endeavor since, in fifteen years, the country was a prosperous migrant zone (Pronay & Wilson, 2005). 4 Furthermore, following the militarism that had characterized the Nazi regime, both East, and West Germany vowed not to build armies, though this would change years later. However, it would be imperative to mention that German forces would not be involved in any international combat missions until after the year 1990. Even in the modern society, there is a lot of skepticism and pacifism that follows any activities that the military engages, and this can be traced to the role that the military played during the Nazi regime which is one of the events that continues to define the country to this day. The Berlin Wall is one of the major events that need to be put into context. In most cases, the common position that has been given on the existence of the wall is that there was a need to show the world powers shared different ideological differences, and each wanted to maintain its identity and control over its territory. However, it has also been argued that the wall also served to prevent skilled workers from West Germany from defecting and joining those in East Germany and then form conspiracies against the Western powers that were in control in West Germany in order to remain more powerful as compared to Western powers. The Berlin Wall would fall on 9 November 1989. It had been a symbol of the division of Germany, but also one that served to separate any flows of refugees from the East to the West. It was an action that sparked a lot of celebrations with more than two million people believed to have crossed within a day after the fall of the wall (Geyer & Latham, 2007). The reunification of Germany would later be announced officially almost a year later on 3 October 1990. Thus, when one looks at current Germany, one needs to understand that it is a country that has come from the worst of the historical upheavals, especially after the Second World War. One needs to mention that the country learned how to live under different powers, and this could 5 explain why even in the current world order, Germany rarely takes sides on matters. The country also rarely takes place in global conflicts because of the military experience that it experienced that almost wiped out the Jews. The country is the leading member of the European Union, especially after the exit of Great Britain, and this means that it has come to assert its economic and social development from the days of the starvation that it was facing during and after the wars. An important issue that needs to be seen as a reflection of the tolerance of Germans is that while most countries in the European Union have been sending immigrants away, it has been one of the few countries that have continued to offer refuge to these immigrants, especially those that are affected by the war in Syria. Could this be a reflection of the tough times that its people endured after the war? Germany has also been on record warning against the growing fascism in some countries such as Italy because it knows too well on how such a position can be catastrophic to a nation. The country has also been instrumental in offering leadership in European Union, and it has continued to offer global policy guidelines, but all this is seen as a subtle reflection of its past. 6 References Brakman, S., Garretsen, H., & Schramm, M. (2004). The strategic bombing of German cities during World War II and its impact on city growth. Journal of Economic Geography, 4(2), 201218. Geyer, M., & Latham, M. (2007). The place of the Second World War in German memory and history. New German Critique, (71), 5-40. Pronay, N., & Wilson, K. M. (Eds.). (2005). The Political re-education of Germany & her allies after World War II. Taylor & Francis. 1 Germany after Second World War There are a lot of countries that have an interesting history, but perhaps the focus will be on Germany because of the prominence the country has played before, during and after the Second World War (Brakman, Garretsen & Schramm, 2004). What most people do not recall is that during the Second World War, Germany had been a country that had been under the leadership of Adolf Hitler under the Nazi Party, and this meant defeat was not a word that could be uttered without any repercussions. Why has Germany been one of the countries that has made great strides after the Second World War? Consequently, through augmented argument regarding Germany, there will be determination on why Germany has made great strides through inclusive events. There is a need to offer context by mentioning that Germany has always found itself on the wrong side of the wars because it had been blamed and punished punitively for what most countries felt was its role in starting of the war. It has been said that the unfair treatment that Germany and its allies received in the First World War only set the inevitable occurrence of a subsequent war. However, Germany and its Axis Powers would undergo the same treatment because they were defeated in the war that followed and it was devastating because Adolf Hitler did not have any post-war plans. The only prize that Germany had for its people after the war was the mourning of the millions that had lost their lives in the war, and the loss and destruction of property. In a speech that was given on May 8, 1945, by British Field Marshall Bernard Montgomery the German condition was described as ‘displaced Persons’ were roaming about the 2 country, often looting as they went. Transportation and communication services had ceased to function. Agriculture and industry were largely at a standstill. Food was scarce and there was a serious risk of famine and disease during the coming months. And to crown it all there was no central government in being, and the machinery whereby a central government could function no longer existed’ (Brakman et al., 2004). Such was the dire state of the nation such that there was an invented word in German called ‘Wirtschaftswunder’, or ‘Economic Miracle,’ which means that the country would only need an economic miracle to get out of the situation that it was in. it has been noted that there had not been any cities or country that had been so devastated by a war like the situation was in Germany. Unknown to most people, the German nation was divided into four by the Allied powers. The relationship that the allied powers shared with Russia deteriorated and Germany was the unfortunate victim in bearing the brunt of this position. Russia went ahead to form the Berlin Blockade which cut all access to the Berlin. It all meant that the relief services that the citizens of Germany were in dire need of would not reach them. However, the most important political and social impact of these actions was that they would sow seeds for the Cold War relations that would follow later. Berlin and Germany were used as bargaining chips by the world powers, and in 1961, the Berlin Wall would be erected as a symbolic representation of the division of Berlin and the ideological differences that the competing world powers were willing to apply on the country. The Berlin had up to 80% of its buildings destroyed by the bombings of the war and the 3 reconstruction periods took a long time before they got underway, and this means that the people had to live with the destruction. Some of the social problems that were not highlighted are the ‘Hunger Winter’ in which the British had allocated up to 700 calories of food for each individual, which is an amount below the starvation levels (Pronay & Wilson, 2005). It led to a situation in which most of the German citizens died out of hunger since the livestock and crops had been destroyed by the constant shelling and bombing during the war. Moving forward, on May 23, 1949, the Federal Republic of Germany was formed, and was also known as West Germany. It was built on the premise of the western model of democracy and economic development. It would take only five months before the Soviet Union occupying the Eastern Zone, and this would result in East Germany, though it was known as the German Democratic Republic. East Germany would be ruled by the socialist style of leadership (Geyer & Latham, 2007). On the economic front, the US Secretary of State George C. Marshall had an ideology of ‘European Recovery Program’ which would help control any totality in leadership and communism but most importantly, would help create a market for the US products. Following through with this plan, countries such as Great Britain, Italy and France would receive a lot of financial aid from the US, estimated at 13.2 billion dollars. In the modern society, this is seen as the foundations that led to the establishment of the European Union. In West Germany, there was the influx of ‘guest workers’ mainly from Italy as the country tried to build itself from the ruins that had been left behind after the war. It would be 4 a fruitful endeavor since, in fifteen years, the country was a prosperous migrant zone (Pronay & Wilson, 2005). Furthermore, following the militarism that had characterized the Nazi regime, both East, and West Germany vowed not to build armies, though this would change years later. However, it would be imperative to mention that German forces would not be involved in any international combat missions until after the year 1990. Even in the modern society, there is a lot of skepticism and pacifism that follows any activities that the military engages, and this can be traced to the role that the military played during the Nazi regime which is one of the events that continues to define the country to this day. The Berlin Wall is one of the major events that need to be put into context. In most cases, the common position that has been given on the existence of the wall is that there was a need to show the world powers shared different ideological differences, and each wanted to maintain its identity and control over its territory. However, it has also been argued that the wall also served to prevent skilled workers from West Germany from defecting and joining those in East Germany and then form conspiracies against the Western powers that were in control in West Germany in order to remain more powerful as compared to Western powers. The Berlin Wall would fall on 9 November 1989. It had been a symbol of the division of Germany, but also one that served to separate any flows of refugees from the East to the West. It was an action that sparked a lot of celebrations with more than two million people believed to have crossed within a day after the fall of the wall (Geyer & Latham, 2007). The reunification of Germany would later be announced officially almost a year later on 3 October 1990. 5 Thus, when one looks at current Germany, one needs to understand that it is a country that has come from the worst of the historical upheavals, especially after the Second World War. One needs to mention that the country learned how to live under different powers, and this could explain why even in the current world order, Germany rarely takes sides on matters. The country also rarely takes place in global conflicts because of the military experience that it experienced that almost wiped out the Jews. The country is the leading member of the European Union, especially after the exit of Great Britain, and this means that it has come to assert its economic and social development from the days of the starvation that it was facing during and after the wars. An important issue that needs to be seen as a reflection of the tolerance of Germans is that while most countries in the European Union have been sending immigrants away, it has been one of the few countries that have continued to offer refuge to these immigrants, especially those that are affected by the war in Syria. Could this be a reflection of the tough times that its people endured after the war? Germany has also been on record warning against the growing fascism in some countries such as Italy because it knows too well on how such a position can be catastrophic to a nation. The country has also been instrumental in offering leadership in European Union, and it has continued to offer global policy guidelines, but all this is seen as a subtle reflection of its past. 6 References Brakman, S., Garretsen, H., & Schramm, M. (2004). The strategic bombing of German cities during World War II and its impact on city growth. Journal of Economic Geography, 4(2), 201218. Geyer, M., & Latham, M. (2007). The place of the Second World War in German memory and history. New German Critique, (71), 5-40. 7 Pronay, N., & Wilson, K. M. (Eds.). (2005). The Political re-education of Germany & her allies after World War II. Taylor & Francis. 1 Germany after Second World War There are a lot of countries that have an interesting history, but perhaps the focus will be on Germany because of the prominence the country has played before, during and after the Second World War (Brakman, Garretsen & Schramm, 2004). What most people do not recall is that during the Second World War, Germany had been a country that had been under the leadership of Adolf Hitler under the Nazi Party, and this meant defeat was not a word that could be uttered without any repercussions. Why has Germany been one of the countries that has made great strides after the Second World War? Consequently, through augmented argument regarding Germany, there will be determination on why Germany has made great strides through inclusive events. There is a need to offer context by mentioning that Germany has always found itself on the wrong side of the wars because it had been blamed and punished punitively for what most countries felt was its role in starting of the war. It has been said that the unfair treatment that Germany and its allies received in the First World War only set the inevitable occurrence of a subsequent war. However, Germany and its Allied Powers would undergo the same treatment because they were defeated in the war that followed and it was devastating because Adolf Hitler did not have any post-war plans. The only prize that Germany had for its people after the war was the mourning of the millions that had lost their lives in the war, and the loss and destruction of property. In a speech that was given on May 8, 1945, by British Field Marshall Bernard Montgomery the German condition was described as ‘displaced Persons’ were roaming about the country, 2 often looting as they went. Transportation and communication services had ceased to function. Agriculture and industry were largely at a standstill. Food was scarce and there was a serious risk of famine and disease during the coming months. And to crown it all there was no central government in being, and the machinery whereby a central government could function no longer existed’ (Brakman et al., 2004). Such was the dire state of the nation such that there was an invented word in German called ‘Wirtschaftswunder’ which means ‘Economic Miracle’ which means that the country would only need an economic miracle to get out of the situation that it was in. it has been noted that there had not been any cities or country that had been so devastated by a war like the situation was in Germany. Unknown to most people, the German nation was divided into four by the Allied powers. The relationship that the allied powers shared with Russia deteriorated and Germany was the unfortunate victim in bearing the brunt of this position. Russia went ahead to form the Berlin Blockade which cut all access to the Berlin. It all meant that the relief services that the citizens of Germany were in dire need of would not reach them. However, the most important political and social impact of these actions was that they would sow seeds for the Cold War relations that would follow later. Berlin and Germany were used as bargaining chips by the world powers, and in 1961, the Berlin Wall would be erected as a symbolic representation of the division of Berlin and the ideological differences that the competing world powers were willing to apply on the country. The Berlin had up to 80% of its buildings destroyed by the bombings of the war and the reconstruction periods took a long time before they got underway, and this means that the people had to live with the destruction. 3 Some of the social problems that were not highlighted are the ‘Hunger Winter’ in which the British had allocated up to 700 calories of food for each individual, which is an amount below the starvation levels (Pronay & Wilson, 2005). It led to a situation in which most of the German citizens died out of hunger since the livestock and crops had been destroyed by the constant shelling and bombing during the war. Moving forward, on May 23, 1949, the Federal Republic of Germany was formed, and was also known as West Germany. It was built on the premise of the western model of democracy and economic development. It would take only five months before the Soviet Union occupying the Eastern Zone, and this would result in East Germany, though it was known as the German Democratic Republic. East Germany would be ruled by the socialist style of leadership (Geyer & Latham, 2007). On the economic front, the US Secretary of State George C. Marshal had an ideology of ‘European Recovery Program’ which would help control any totality in leadership and communism but most importantly, would help create a market for the US products. Following through with this plan, countries such as Great Britain, Italy and France would receive a lot of financial aid from the US, estimated at 13.2 billion dollars. In the modern society, this is seen as the foundations that led to the establishment of the European Union. In West Germany, there was the influx of ‘guest workers’ mainly from Italy as the country tried to build itself from the ruins that had been left behind after the war. It would be a fruitful endeavor since, in fifteen years, the country was a prosperous migrant zone (Pronay & Wilson, 2005). 4 Furthermore, following the militarism that had characterized the Nazi regime, both East, and West Germany vowed not to build armies, though this would change years later. However, it would be imperative to mention that German forces would not be involved in any international combat missions until after the year 1990. Even in the modern society, there is a lot of skepticism and pacifism that follows any activities that the military engages, and this can be traced to the role that the military played during the Nazi regime which is one of the events that continues to define the country to this day. The Berlin Wall is one of the major events that need to be put into context. In most cases, the common position that has been given on the existence of the wall is that there was a need to show the world powers shared different ideological differences, and each wanted to maintain its identity and control over its territory. However, it has also been argued that the wall also served to prevent skilled workers from West Germany from defecting and joining those in East Germany and then form conspiracies against the Western powers that were in control in West Germany in order to remain more powerful as compared to Western powers. The Berlin Wall would fall on 9 November 1989. It had been a symbol of the division of Germany, but also one that served to separate any flows of refugees from the East to the West. It was an action that sparked a lot of celebrations with more than two million people believed to have crossed within a day after the fall of the wall (Geyer & Latham, 2007). The reunification of Germany would later be announced officially almost a year later on 3 October 1990. Thus, when one looks at current Germany, one needs to understand that it is a country that has come from the worst of the historical upheavals, especially after the Second World War. One needs to mention that the country learned how to live under different powers, and this could 5 explain why even in the current world order, Germany rarely takes sides on matters. The country also rarely takes place in global conflicts because of the military experience that it experienced that almost wiped out the Jews. The country is the leading member of the European Union, especially after the exit of Great Britain, and this means that it has come to assert its economic and social development from the days of the starvation that it was facing during and after the wars. An important issue that needs to be seen as a reflection of the tolerance of Germans is that while most countries in the European Union have been sending immigrants away, it has been one of the few countries that have continued to offer refuge to these immigrants, especially those that are affected by the war in Syria. Could this be a reflection of the tough times that its people endured after the war? Germany has also been on record warning against the growing fascism in some countries such as Italy because it knows too well on how such a position can be catastrophic to a nation. The country has also been instrumental in offering leadership in European Union, and it has continued to offer global policy guidelines, but all this is seen as a subtle reflection of its past. 6 References Brakman, S., Garretsen, H., & Schramm, M. (2004). The strategic bombing of German cities during World War II and its impact on city growth. Journal of Economic Geography, 4(2), 201218. Geyer, M., & Latham, M. (2007). The place of the Second World War in German memory and history. New German Critique, (71), 5-40. Pronay, N., & Wilson, K. M. (Eds.). (2005). The Political re-education of Germany & her allies after World War II. Taylor & Francis.
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Attached.

1

Germany after Second World War
There are a lot of countries that have an interesting history, but perhaps the focus will be
on Germany because of the prominence the country has played before, during and after the Second World War (Brakman, Garretsen & Schramm, 2004). What most people do not recall is that
during the Second World War, Germany had been a country that had been under the leadership
of Adolf Hitler under the Nazi Party, and this meant defeat was not a word that could be uttered
without any repercussions. Adolf Hitler was a ruthless despot who had relied on military strength
and illogical imperialism to validate his actions and grip on power. Any dissents would be dealt
with mercilessly, and mostly, they would be hanged for treason. Why has Germany been one of
the countries that has made great economic and industrial strides after the Second World War?
Consequently, through augmented argument regarding Germany, there will be determination on
why Germany has made great strides through inclusive events.
There is a need to offer context by mentioning that Germany has always found itself on
the wrong side of the wars because it had been blamed and punished punitively for what most
countries felt was its role in starting of the war. It has been said that the unfair treatment that
Germany and its allies received in the First World War only set the inevitable occurrence of a
subsequent war.
However, Germany and its Allied Powers would undergo the same treatment because
they were defeated in the war that followed and it was devastating because Adolf Hitler did not
have any post-war plans. The only prize that Germany had for its people after the war was the
mourning of the millions that had lost their lives in the war, and the loss and destruction of property.

2

In a speech that was given on May 8, 1945, by British Field Marshall Bernard Montgomery the German condition was described as ‘displaced Persons’ were roaming about the country,
often looting as they went. Transportation and communication services had ceased to function.
Agriculture and industry were largely at a standstill. Food was scarce and there was a serious risk
of famine and disease durin...


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